Preferred Citation: . The Oceans, Their Physics, Chemistry, and General Biology. New York:  Prentice-Hall,  c1942 1942.

Observations and Collections at Sea


Ardley, R. A. B., and N. A. Mackintosh. 1936. “The royal research ship Discovery II” . Discovery Repts., v. 13, p. 77–106, 1936.


Barker, H. A.1935. “The culture and physiology of marine dinoflagellates” . Archiv f. Mikrobiol., Bd. 6, 2 Heft, p. 157–181, 1935.

Bauer, L. A., W. J. Peters, J. P. Ault, J. A. Fleming1917. “The magnetic work of the Carnegie, 1909–1916” . Carnegie Inst. Washington, Pub. 175, Researches of the Dept. of Terrestrial Magnetism, v. 3, p. 157–165, 1917.

Birge, E. A., and Chancey Juday. 1922. “The inland lakes of Wisconsin. The plankton. I. Its quantity and chemical composition” . Wisc. Geol. & Nat. Hist. Survey, Bull. no. 64, Sci. Ser., no. 13, p. 1–222, 1922.

Bowditch, Nathaniel. 1934. Instruments and accessories in navigation. p. 11–40 in: American Practical Navigator, no. 9, Washington, D. C., 852 pp.1934.

Brooks, Charles F.1932. Oceanography and meteorology. Physics of the earth, v. 5, Oceanography, p. 457–519, Nat. Research Council, 85, 1932. Washington, D. C.

Buchanan-Wollaston, H. J.1925. “A recording current meter” . Conseil Perm.Internat. p. l’Explor. de la Mer, Pub. de Circonstance, no. 86, 14 pp., 1925.

Buchanan-Wollaston, H. J.1930. “Note on a self-recording current meter” . Conseil Perm. Internat. p. l’Explor. de la Mer, Rapp. et Proc.-Verb., v. 64, p. 33, 34, 1930.

Carruthers, J. N.1930. “Further investigations upon the water movements in the English Channel” . Marine Biol. Assn. U. K., Jour., v. 17, p. 241–275, 1930.

Defant, A.1929. Dynamische Ozeanographie. Naturwissensch. Monographien u. Lehrbücher, Bd. IX, Einführung in die Geophysik III, 222 pp., 1929. Berlin

Ekman, V. W.1905. “Kurze Beschreibung einer Propellerstrommessers” . Conseil Perm. Internat. p. l’Explor. de la Mer, Pub. de Circonstance, no. 24, 4 pp., 1905.

Ekman, V. W.1926. “On a new repeating current-meter” . Conseil Perm. Internat. p. l’Explor. de la Mer, Pub. de Circonstance, no. 91, 27 pp., 1926.

Ekman, V. W.1932. “An improved type of current-meter” . Conseil Perm. Internat. p. l’Explor. de la Mer, Jour. du Conseil, v. 7, p. 3–10, 1932.

Emery, K. O., and R. S. Dietz. 1941. “Gravity coring instrument and mechanics of sediment coring” . Geol. Soc. Amer., Bull.,, v. 52, p. 1685–1714, 1941.

Fulton, T. W.1897. “The surface currents of the North Sea” . Scottish Geogr. Mag., v. 13, p. 636–645, 1897. Edinburgh.

Gran, H. H.1932. “Phytoplankton. Methods and problems” . Conseil Perm. Internat. p. l’Explor. de la Mer, Jour. du Conseil, v. 7, no. 3, p. 343–358, 1932.

Hardy, A. C.1936. “The ecological relations between the herring and the plankton investigated with the plankton indicator” . Pt. I. The object, plan and methods of the investigation. Marine Biol. Assn. U.K., Jour., v. 21, p. 147–177, 1936.

Helland-Hansen, Björn. 1914. “Eine Untersuchungsfahrt im Atlantischen Ozean mit dem Motorschiff Armauer Hansen im Sommer 1913” . Internat. Rev. d. ges. Hydrobiol. u. Hydrogr., Bd. VII, p. 61–83, 1914.

Hough, Jack. 1939. “Bottom-sampling apparatus” . p. 631–664 in Recent Marine Sediments, A Symposium. Tulsa, Okla., A.A.P.G., 736 pp., 1939.

Idrac, P.1931. “Le nouvel enregistrateur de courants sousmarins” . Inst. Océanographique, Ann., v. 10, p. 99–116, 1931. Paris.

Iselin, C. O’D., II1933. “Some phases of modern deep-sea oceanography” . Smithsonian Rept. for 1932, p. 251–67, 1933.

Jacobsen, J. P.1909. “Der Libellenstrommesser” . Conseil Perm. Internat. p. l’Explor. de la Mer, Pub. de Circonstance, no. 51, 20 pp., 1909.


Künne, Cl.1933. “Weitere Untersuchungen zum Vergleich der Fangfähigkeit verschiedener Modelle von vertikal fischenden Plankton-Netzen” . Conseil Perm. Internat. p. l’Explor. de la Mer, Rapp. et Proc.-Verb., v. 83, 36 pp., 1933.

Marshall, S. M., A. G. Nicholls, and A. P. Orr. 1934. “On the biology of Calanus finmarchicus. V. Seasonal distribution, size, weight, and chemical composition in Loch Striven in 1933, and their relation to the phytoplankton” . Marine Biol. Assn. U.K., Jour., v. 19, no. 2, p. 793–828, 1934.

Moberg, E. G., and John Lyman. 1942. “The E. W. Scripps” . Scripps Inst. Oceanogr., Records of Observations, no. 1, p. 3–12, 1942.

Mosby, H.1940. “An oceanographic thermo-sounder” . Union Géod. et Géophys. Intern., Assn. d’Oceanographie Phys., Procés-Verb., no. 3, p. 190–91, 1940.

Murray, Sir John, and Johan Hjort1912. The depths of the ocean. Macmillan, London, 821 pp., 1912.

Nansen, Fridtjof. 1906. “Methods for measuring direction and velocity of currents in the sea” . Conseil Perm. Internat. p. l’Explor. de la Mer, Pub. de Circonstance, no. 34, 42 pp., 1906.

Parker, W. E.1932. “Additional oceanographic instruments. Physics of the Earth, v. 5, Oceanography, p. 442–450” . Nat. Res. Council, 581 pp., 1932.

Petersen, C. G. Joh. 1918. “The sea bottom and its production of fish food. I. Apparatus for investigation of the sea bottom” . Danish Biol. Station. Rept., no. 25, p. 1–6, 1918.

Pettersson, H.1915. “A recording current meter for deep sea work” . Roy. Met. Soc., London, Quart. Jour., v. 41, p. 65–69, 1915.

Pettersson, O.1913. “Photographisch registrierender Tiefenstrommesser für Dauerbeobachtungen” . Ur. Svenska Hydr. Biol. Komm. Skr., v. 5, 8 pp., 1913. Göteborg.

Piggot, Charles S.1936. “Apparatus to secure core samples from the ocean bottom” . Geol. Soc. Amer., Bull., v. 47, p. 675–984, 1936.

Pillsbury, John E.1891. “The Gulf Stream. Methods of the investigation and results of the research” . U. S. Coast and Geod. Surv., Rept. for 1880, Appendix no. 10, p. 461–620, 1891.

Pinke, F.1938. The expeditionary ship and the naval personnel's share. Snellius-Exped. in the eastern part of the Netherlands East-Indies 1929–1930. v. 1, p. 47–78, 1938.

Rauschelbach, H.1929. “Beschreibung eines bifilar aufgehängten, an Bord elektrisch registrierenden Strommessers” . Ann. d. Hydrogr. u. Mar. Meteor., Beiheft, 71 pp, 1929.

Redfield, A. C.1939. “The history of a population of Limacina retroversa during its drift across the Gulf of Maine” . Biol. Bull., v. 76, p. 26–47, 1939.

Revelle, R. R., and F. P. Shepard. 1942. Bottom currents at the California sea floor (to be submitted to Geol. Soc. Amer., Bull.)

Rudé, G. T.1928. “Instructions for tide observations” . U. S. Coast and Geod. Surv., Spec. Pub. no. 139, 78 pp., 1928.

Rudé, G. T.1938. “New methods of marine surveying” . Amer. Phil. Soc., Proc., v. 79, p. 9–25, 1938.

Schmidt, Johs. 1929. “Introduction to the oceanographical reports. Danish Dana-Expeditions 1920–1922 in the North Atlantic and the Gulf of Panama” . Oceanogr. Repts., no. 1, p. 1–20, 1929.

Seiwell, H. R.1929. “Patterns for conical silk plankton-nets of one meter and half-meter diameters” . Conseil Perm. Internat. p. 1’Explor. de la Mer, Jour. du Conseil, v. 4, p. 99–103, 1929.


Seiwell, H. R.1940. “Anchoring ships on the high seas” . U. S. Naval Inst., Proc., v. 66, p. 1733–1740, 1940.

Soule, Floyd M.1932. “Oceanographic instruments and methods. Physics of the Earth, v. 5, Oceanography, p. 411–441” . Nat. Research Council, 85, 581 pp., 1932.

Spiess, H. C. Fritz. 1932a. “Das Forschungsschiff und seine Reise. Deutsche Atlantische Exped” . Meteor 1925–1927, Wiss. Erg., Bd. 1, 442 pp., 1932.

Spiess, H. C. Fritz. 1932b. “Mooring of ships in deep water for the direct measurement of currents” . Hydrogr. Rev., v. 9, no. 1, p. 1–38, 1932.

Spilhaus, Athelstan F.1938. “A bathythermograph” . Jour. Marine Research, v. 1, p. 95–100, 1938.

Spilhaus, Athelstan F.1940. “A detailed study of the surface layers of the ocean in the neighborhood of the Gulf Stream with the aid of rapid measuring hydrographic instruments” . Jour. Marine Research, v. 3, p. 51–75, 1940.

Stetson, H. C.1937. “Current measurements in the Georges Bank canyons” . Nat. Research Council, Amer. Geophys. Union, Trans., p. 216–219, 1937.

Sverdrup, H. U.1929. “The waters on the North Siberian Shelf” . Norwegian North Polar Exped. with the Maud 1918–1925, Sci. Results, v. 4, no. 2, 131 + 75 pp., 1929. Bergen.

Sverdrup, H. U., and Odd Dahl. 1926. “Two oceanographic current recorders designed and used on the Maud Expedition” . Optical Soc. Amer., Jour., v. 12, p. 537–545, 1926.

Tait, J. B.1930. “The water drift in the northern and middle area of the North Sea and in the Faeroe-Shetland Channel. Fishery Board for Scotland” . Sci. Invest, no. 4, 56 pp., 1930. Edinburgh.

Thompson, Thomas G.1936. “The motorship Catalyst—A seagoing laboratory” . Jour. Chem. Education, v. 13, p. 203–209, 1936.

Thorade, Hermann. 1933. Methoden zum Studium der Meeresströmungen. Abderhalden's Handbuch der biologischen Arbeitsmethoden, Abt. II, Teil 3, p. 2865–3095, Berlin1933.

Tibby, R. B.1939. “Report on returns of drift bottles released off southern California, 1937” . Div. Fish and Game of Calif., Bur. Marine, Fisheries, Fish 55, 36 pp., 1939.

Uda, M.1935. “The results of simultaneous oceanographical investigations in the North Pacific Ocean adjacent to Japan made in August, 1933” . Japan, Imperial Fisheries Exper. Sta., Jour., no, 6, 130 pp., 1935.

Veatch,. A. C., and P. A. Smith. 1939. “Atlantic submarine valleys of the United States and the Congo Submarine Valley” . Geol. Soc. Amer., Spec. Paper, no. 7, 101 pp., 1939.

Winsor, C. P., and G. L. Clarke. 1940. “A statistical study of variations in the catch of plankton nets” . Jour. Marine Research, v. 3, p. 1–34, 1940.

Witting, R.1923. “Om en till skeppsbord reporterande strömmätare” . Festsschrift f. Otto Pettersson, p. 90–96, 1923. Helsingfors.

Wüst, Georg. 1932. “Programm, Ausrüstung, Methoden der Serienmessungen” . Deutsche Atlantische Exped. Meteor 1925–1927, Wiss. Erg., Bd. IV, 1 Teil, p. 1–59, 1932.

Wüst, Georg. 1933. “Thermometric measurement of depth” . Hydrogr. Rev., v. 10, no. 2, p. 28–49, 1933.

ZoBell, Claude E.1941. “Studies on marine bacteria. I. The cultural requirements of the heterotrophic aerobes” . Jour. Marine Research, v. 4, p. 42–75, 1941.

Observations and Collections at Sea

Preferred Citation: . The Oceans, Their Physics, Chemistry, and General Biology. New York:  Prentice-Hall,  c1942 1942.