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B

  1. Bacteria:

    1. aerobic, in sediments, 212, 996

    2. anaerobic, in sediments, 212, 996

    3. bottom deposits, effect on, 917918

    4. collection and analysis of, 383

    5. denitrifying, 257

    6. distribution in the sea, 918920

    7. importance in sedimentation, 995

    8. importance to precipitation of iron compounds, 1032

    9. in the Black Sea, 871

    10. modes of life, 910, 913

      1. autotrophic, 910

      2. heterotrophic, 911

      3. oxygen relations, 913, 917

    11. nitrifying, 256

    12. occurrence in sediments, 1016

    13. possible role in petroleum formation, 996

    14. structure and reproduction, 908910

    15. used to determine organic carbon, 249251

    16. utilizers of dissolved organic matter, 911913

  2. Baffin Bay:

    1. bottom topography, 30

    2. water masses, 663665

  3. Baltic Sea, 657658

  4. Barite concretions, 952, 1033

  5. Barium, 183

  6. Barnacles, reproduction of, 324, 326

  7. Barriers, faunal (see Zoogeography)

  8. Base-exchange in clay minerals, 988, 990

    1. importance to flocculation, 958

  9. Basins, 23, 26

    1. adjacent seas, 37, 38, 736, 738

    2. sediments in, 1026, 1028

    3. with inflow across the sill, 148, 149

    4. with outflow across the sill, 147, 148

  10. Basin water, 147

    1. plant nutrients, 246, 1028

    2. stagnating, 1026, 1028

  11. Bathythermograph, 352

  12. Bay of Fundy:

    1. tidal currents, 569

    2. tides, 562, 563

  13. Beach:

    1. deposits:

      1. character, 1023

      2. composition, 1022

      3. texture, 10191023

        1. relation to slope of beach, 1018, 1019

    2. equilibrium state, 44

    3. terminology, 43, 44

  14. Benguela Current, 627629

  15. Benthic environment and its subdivisions, 275278

  16. Benthic organisms, importance of to texture of sediments, 997

  17. Benthos, 280

    1. biological factors in the concentration, 907908

    2. collection of, 374375

    3. deep-sea, 805810

    4. littoral, 800805

    5. vertical distribution of, 806807

  18. Bering Sea, 732, 733

  19. Bering Strait, currents of, 665, 723


  20. 1063
  21. Biocycles, 274

  22. Biological factors influencing movements and concentrations of organisms, 898908

  23. Bioluminescence, 300, 304, 814, 833835

  24. Biosphere, 274

  25. Biotype, 279

    1. facies of, 280

    2. inhabitants of, 280, 879

  26. Bipolarity, 849850, 868

  27. Birds dependent upon the sea, 313, 942

  28. Bjerknes' theorem of circulation, 460462

  29. Black Sea, 649651

    1. biology of, 871872

    2. lamination in sediments, 1040

  30. Body fluids:

    1. composition, 232, 270

    2. osmotic relationships, 269, 272

      1. control of, 271

    3. relation to sea water, 269

  31. Bolting cloth, 377, 378

  32. Boric acid, influence of on alkalinity, 198, 199

  33. Boron, 180

  34. Bosporus, currents of, 650

  35. Bottom samplers, 344347, 375

  36. Bottom topography:

    1. illustrated, 18, 30, 32, 34, 35

    2. influence on currents, 466469

    3. large-scale features, 23, 2730

    4. maximum depths, 18, 19

    5. nomenclature, 2527

    6. profiles, 17, 18

    7. representation of, 16

  37. Bottom water, formation of, 138, 139

    1. Antarctic, 611, 612

    2. Irminger Sea, 682, 683

    3. Labrador Sea, 664

    4. Mediterranean, 645, 646

    5. Norwegian Sea, 656, 657

  38. Bottom water, potential temperature of, 749

  39. Bottom water of the oceans, 745754

  40. Boundary condition:

    1. dynamic, 441

    2. kinematic, 424

  41. Boundary surface, slope of, 444

  42. Boundary waves (see Internal waves)

  43. Bowen ratio, 117

  44. Brachiopoda synopsis, 308

  45. Brandt's theory of phytoplankton growth, 768, 784

  46. Brazil Current, 628, 629

  47. Bromine, 179

  48. Browsing animals, 895896

  49. Bryozoa synopsis, 308

  50. Buffer action of sets water, 195, 202

    1. ecological importance, 268

  51. By-the-wind sailer (see Velella)


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