previous section
Select Bibliography
no next

Select Bibliography

The titles of books written in Arabic are translated for the benefit of readers who do not know Arabic. Where authors include an English translation of the title, that translation is used. All translations appear between parentheses after the original title.

Archival Sources

Jerusalem Islamic Court, East Jerusalem, Palestine. Sijillat mahkamat al-Quds al-shar‘iyya (The Islamic Court Records of Jerusalem). Vols. 280–349. 1798–1865.

Nablus, Palestine. The Nablus Advisory Council Records (Sijillat majlis shura Nablus). 1848–1853. The original is privately owned.

Nablus Islamic Court, Nablus, Palestine. Sijillat mahkamat Nablus al-shar‘iyya (The Islamic Court Records of Nablus). Vols. 1–13B. 1665–1865.

Family Papers

Nablus, Palestine. Documents from the Nimr, Smadi, Arafat, Burqawi, Tuqan, Jardana, Abd al-Hadi, Khammash, Khalaf, and Ya‘ish families.

Unpublished Manuscripts

Amiry, Suad M. A. Space, Kinship and Gender: The Social Dimensions of Peasant Architecture in Palestine. Ph.D. diss., University of Edinburgh, 1987. UC-eLinks

Al-Arid, Walid. XIX. Yüzyilda Cebel-i Nablus. Ph.D. diss., Istanbul University, 1992. UC-eLinks

Cuno, Ken. Was the Land of Ottoman Syria miri or milk? An Examination of Juridical Differences within the Hanafi School. Unpublished paper delivered to the PARSS Seminar on the Middle East, University of Pennsylvania, November 1993. UC-eLinks

Doumani, Beshara. Merchants, the State, and Socioeconomic Change in Ottoman Palestine: The Nablus Region, 1800–1860. Ph.D. diss., Georgetown University, 1990. UC-eLinks

Fattah, Hala. The Development of the Regional Market in Iraq and the Gulf, 1800–1900. Ph.D. diss., University of California, Los Angeles, 1986. UC-eLinks

Kana‘an, Ruba. Patronage and Style in Mercantile Residential Architecture of Ottoman Bilad al-Sham: The Nablus Region in the Nineteenth Century. M.Phil. thesis, University of Oxford, 1993. UC-eLinks

Khoury, Dina. The Political Economy of the Province of Mosul: 1700–1850. Ph.D. diss., Georgetown University, 1987. UC-eLinks

Manna, Adel. The Sancak of Jerusalem between Two Invasions (1798–1831): Administration and Society. Ph.D. diss., Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 1986. (Hebrew). UC-eLinks

Meriwether, Margaret Lee. The Notable Families of Aleppo, 1770–1830: Networks and Social Structure. Ph.D. diss., University of Pennsylvania, 1981. UC-eLinks

Moors, Annelies. Women and Property: A Historical-Anthropological Study of Women’s Access to Property through Inheritance, the Dower and Labour in Jabal Nablus, Palestine. Ph.D. diss., University of Amsterdam, 1992. UC-eLinks

Naff, Alixa. A Social History of Zahle, the Principal Market Town in Nineteenth-Century Lebanon. Ph.D. diss., University of California, Los Angeles, 1972. UC-eLinks

Reilly, James. Origins of Peripheral Capitalism in the Damascus Region, 1830–1914. Ph.D. diss., Georgetown University, 1987. UC-eLinks

Rogan, Eugene. Incorporating the Periphery: The Ottoman Extension of Direct Rule over Southeastern Syria (Transjordan), 1867–1914. Ph.D. diss., Harvard University, 1991. UC-eLinks

Sabri, Bahjat. Liwa al-Quds fi al-qarn al-tasi ashar, 1840–1873. M.A. thesis, Ayn al-Shams University, 1973. UC-eLinks

Yeager, Susan Lee. The Ottoman Empire on Exhibition: The Ottoman Empire at International Exhibitions 1851–1867, and the sergi-i umumi Osmani, 1863. Ph.D. diss., Columbia University, 1981. UC-eLinks

Zarinebaf-Shahr, Fariba. Tabriz under Ottoman Rule (1725–1730). Ph.D. diss., University of Chicago, 1991. UC-eLinks

Published Works

Al-Abbasi, Mustafa. Tarikh al Tuqan fi Jabal Nablus (History of the Tuqan Household in Jabal Nablus). Shfa‘amr, Israel, 1990. UC-eLinks

Abdel-Karim, Ahmad. Al-Taqsim al-idari li Suriyya (Administrative Structure of Syria). Cairo, 1961. UC-eLinks

Abdel Nour, Antoine. Introduction a l’histoire urbaine de la Syrie ottomane, XVIe–XVIIIe siècle. Beirut, 1982. UC-eLinks

Abir, Mordechai. “Local Leadership and Early Reforms in Palestine, 1800-1834” . In Moshe Ma‘oz, ed., Studies on Palestine during the Ottoman Period. Jerusalem, 1975, 284–310. UC-eLinks

Abou El-Haj, Rifa‘at Ali. Formation of the Modern State in the Ottoman Empire, Sixteenth to Eighteenth Century. Albany, N.Y., 1991. UC-eLinks

Abu-Husayn, Abdul-Rahim. Provincial Leadership in Syria, 1575–1650. Beirut, 1985. UC-eLinks

Abu Izz al-Din, Sulayman. Ibrahim basha fi Suriyya (Ibrahim Pasha in Syria). Beirut, 1929. UC-eLinks

Abujaber, Raouf Sa‘d. Pioneers over Jordan: The Frontier of Settlement in Transjordan, 1850–1914. London, 1989. UC-eLinks

Abu-Lughod, Janet L. Before European Hegemony: The World System, A.D. 1250–1350. Oxford, 1989. UC-eLinks

——————. “The Islamic City: Historic Myth, Islamic Essence, and Contemporary Relevance” . IJMES, 19 (1987), 155–176. UC-eLinks

Adas, Michael. “From Avoidance to Confrontation: Peasant Protest in Precolonial and Colonial Southeast Asia,” Comparative Studies in Society and History, 23 (1981), 217–247. UC-eLinks

Amin, Samir. Accumulation on a World Scale. New York, 1974. UC-eLinks

Amiran, D. H. K. “The Pattern of Settlement in Palestine” . Israel Exploration Journal, 3 (1953), 65–78, 192–209, 250–260. UC-eLinks

Amiry, Suad, and Vera Tamari. The Palestinian Village Home. London, 1989. UC-eLinks

Al-Ansari, Shams al-Din. Nukhbat al-dahr fi aja’ib al-barr wa al-bahr (Time’s Selected Wonders in Land and Sea). St. Petersburg, Russia, 1866. UC-eLinks

Antoun, Richard, and Iliya Harik. Rural Politics and Social Change in the Middle East. Bloomington, Ind., 1972. UC-eLinks

Appadurai, Arjun. “Introduction: Commodities and the Politics of Value” . In Arjun Appadurai, ed., The Social Life of Things. (Cambridge, England, 1986), 3–63. UC-eLinks

———, ed. The Social Life of Things. Cambridge, England, 1986. UC-eLinks

Al-Aref, Aref. “The Closing Phase of Ottoman Rule in Jerusalem” . In Moshe Ma‘oz, ed., Studies on Palestine during the Ottoman Period. Jerusalem, 1975, 334-340. UC-eLinks

——————. Al-Muffassal fi tarikh al-Quds (A Detailed History of Jerusalem). Jerusalem, 1961. UC-eLinks

Arraf, Shukri. Al-Ard, al-insan;bn, wa al-juhd: Dirasa li hadaratina al-madiya ala ardina (Land, Man, and Effort: A Study of Our Past Civilization on Our Land). Acre, 1982. UC-eLinks

——————. Al-Qarya al-arabiyya al-filastiniyya: Mabna wa isti‘malat aradi (The Palestinian-Arab Village: Structure and Land Use). Jerusalem, 1986. UC-eLinks

Asad, Talal. “The Bedouin as a Military Force: Notes on Some Aspects of Power Relations between Nomads and Sedentaries in Historical Perspective” . In Cynthia Nelson, ed., The Desert and the Sown: Nomads in a Wider Society. Berkeley, Calif., 1974, 61–74. UC-eLinks

Al-Asali, Kamil J. Mawsim al-nabi Musa fi Filastin: Tarikh al-mawsim wa al-maqam (The Nabi Musa Feast in Palestine: History of the Feast and the Sanctuary). Amman, 1990. UC-eLinks

Ashtor, Eliyahu. Studies on the Levantine Trade in the Middle Ages. London, 1978. UC-eLinks

Aston, T. H., and C. H. E. Philpin, eds. The Brenner Debate: Agrarian Class Structure and Economic Development in Pre-Industrial Europe. Cambridge, England, 1985. UC-eLinks

Avitsur, Shmuel. “The Influence of Western Technology on the Economy of Palestine during the Nineteenth Century” . In Moshe Ma‘oz, ed., Studies on Palestine during the Ottoman Period. Jerusalem, 1975, 485–494. UC-eLinks

Awad, Abd al-Aziz Muhammad. Al-Idara al-uthmaniyya fi wilayat Suriyya, 1864–1914 A.D.(Ottoman Administration in the Province of Syria, 1864–1914). Cairo, 1969. UC-eLinks

Awra, Ibrahim. Tarikh wilayat Sulayman basha al-adil (History of the Reign of Sulayman Pasha the Just). Edited by Constantine Pasha al-Mukhlasi. Sidon, 1936. UC-eLinks

Badran, Nabil. “Al-Rif al-filastini qabl al-harb al-alamiyya al-ula ” (The Palestinian Countryside before the First World War). Shu’un Filastiniyya, 7 (March 1972), 116–129. UC-eLinks

Baer, Gabriel. “The Dismemberment of Awqaf in Early 19th Century Jerusalem” . AAS, 13:3 (1979), 220–241. UC-eLinks

——————. Fellah and Townsman in the Middle East: Studies in Social History. Totowa, N.J., 1982. UC-eLinks

——————. “The Impact of Economic Change on Traditional Society in Nineteenth Century Palestine” . In Moshe Ma‘oz, ed., Studies on Palestine during the Ottoman Period. Jerusalem, 1975, 495–498. UC-eLinks

——————. “Jerusalem Families of Notables and the Wakf in the Early 19th Century” . In David Kushner, ed., Palestine in the Late Ottoman Period. Jerusalem and Leiden, 1986, 109–122. UC-eLinks

——————. “Village and City in Egypt and Syria” . In A. L. Udovitch, ed., The Islamic Middle East, 700–1900: Studies in Economic and Social History. Princeton, N.J., 1981, 595–652. UC-eLinks

Bakhit, Muhammad Adnan. The Ottoman Province of Damascus in the Sixteenth Century. London, 1972. UC-eLinks

Bakhit, Muhammad Adnan, et al. Kashshaf ihsa’i zamani li-sijillat al-mahakam al-shar‘iyya wa al-awqaf al-islamiyya fi Bilad al-Sham (Statistical and Chronological Index of the Islamic Court Records and Muslim waqfs in Greater Syria). Amman, 1984. UC-eLinks

Bakhit, Muhammad Adnan, and Noufan Raja Hmuod, eds.Daftar muffasal liwa Ajlun: Tapu defter-i raqam 970 (The Detailed Defter of Ajlun District: Tapu Deferti No. 970). Amman, 1989. UC-eLinks

——————. Daftar muffasal nahiyat Marj Ibn Amir wa tawabi‘iha wa lawahiquha al-lati kanat fi tassaruf al-amir Tarabay sanat 945 h/1538 m (Muffasal Defteri of Marj Ibn Amir and Its Territories That Were Entrusted to Amir Tarabay, A.H. 945/A.D. 1538). Amman, 1989. UC-eLinks

Baldensperger, P. J. The Immovable East: Studies of the People and Customs of Palestine. Boston, 1913. UC-eLinks

Barbir, Karl. Ottoman Rule in Damascus: 1708–1758. Princeton, N.J., 1980. UC-eLinks

Bargouthi, Omar Saleh. “Traces of the Feudal System in Palestine” . JPOS, 9 (1929), 70–79. UC-eLinks

———, and Khalil Totah. Tarikh Filastin (History of Palestine). Jerusalem, 1923. UC-eLinks

Barker, Edward B. Syria and Egypt under the Last Five Sultans of Turkey.. 2 vols. London, 1876. Reprint, New York, 1973. UC-eLinks

Barnes, John. An Introduction to the Religious Foundations of the Ottoman Empire. Leiden, 1986. UC-eLinks

Bayly, C. A. The Imperial Meridian: The British Empire and the World, 1780–1830. London and New York, 1989. UC-eLinks

——————. Rulers, Townsmen and Bazaars: North Indian Society in the Age of British Expansionism, 1770–1870. Cambridge, England, 1983. UC-eLinks

Bekawi, Sobhi M. English Travel Literature Dealing with Palestine from 1800–1850. Cairo, 1978. UC-eLinks

Ben-Arieh, Yehoshua. “The Population of the Large Towns in Palestine during the First Eighty Years of the Nineteenth Century According to Western Sources” . In Moshe Ma‘oz, ed., Studies on Palestine during the Ottoman Period. Jerusalem, 1975, 49–69. UC-eLinks

Bishawi, Said Abdullah Jibril. Nablus: Al-awda al-siyasiyya wa al-ijtima‘iyya wa al-thaqafiyya wa al-iqtisadiyya fi asr al-hurub al-salibiyya, 492–690/1099–1291 (Nablus: Political, Social, Cultural, and Economic Conditions during the Crusader Wars, 492–690/1099–1291). Amman, 1991. UC-eLinks

Blumberg, Arnold, ed.A View from Jerusalem, 1849–1858: The Consular Diary of James and Elizabeth Anne Finn. London, 1980. UC-eLinks

Bodman, H. L. Political Factions in Aleppo, 1760–1826. Chapel Hill, N.C., 1963. UC-eLinks

Bose, Sugata, ed.South Asia and World Capitalism. Delhi, 1990. UC-eLinks

Bowring, John. Report on the Commercial Statistics of Syria. London, 1840. Reprint, New York, 1973. UC-eLinks

Braudel, Fernand. Civilization and Capitalism, 15th–18th Century. 3 vols. New York, 1986. UC-eLinks

——————. The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II. 2 vols., 2d ed. New York, 1976. UC-eLinks

Breik, Mikha’il. Tarikh al-Sham, 1720–1780 (History of Damascus). Edited by Qustantine al-Basha. Harissa, Lebanon, 1930. UC-eLinks

Buckingham, James Silk. Travels among the Arab Tribes Inhabiting the Countries East of Syria and Palestine. London, 1825. UC-eLinks

Al-Budayri, al-Hallaq Ahmad. Hawadith Dimashq al-yawmiyya, 1154–1175/1741–1762 (Daily Events in Damascus, 1154–1175/1741–1762). Edited by Ahmad Izzat Abd al-Karim. Cairo, 1959. UC-eLinks

Buheiry, Marwan. “The Agricultural Exports of Southern Palestine, 1885–1914” . JPS, 10:4 (Summer 1981), 61–81. UC-eLinks

——————. “The Peasant Revolt of 1858 in Mount Lebanon: Rising Expectations, Economic Malaise and the Incentive to Arm” . In Tarif Khalidi, ed., Land Tenure and Social Transformation in the Middle East. Beirut, 1984, 291–301. UC-eLinks

Buheiry, Marwan and Leila Buheiry, eds. The Splendor of the Holy Land: Artisans, Geographers, and Travellers. New York, 1978. UC-eLinks

Burckhardt, John Lewis. Travels in Syria and the Holy Land. London, 1822. UC-eLinks

Canaan, Tawfiq. Mohammedan Saints and Sanctuaries in Palestine. London, 1927. UC-eLinks

Chevalier, Dominique. “De la production lente a l’économie dynamique en Syrie” . Annales,. 21 (1966), 59–70. UC-eLinks

——————. “Un example de résistance technique de l’artisinat syrien aux XIXe et XXe siècles: Les tissus ikates d’Alep et de Damas,” Syria,. 39:3–4 (1962), 300–324. UC-eLinks

Clancy-Smith, Julia. “The Maghrib and the Mediterranean World in the Nineteenth Century: Illicit Exchanges, Migrants, and Social Marginals” . In Kenneth J. Perkins and Michel Le Gall, eds., Volume in Honor of L. Carl Brown. Princeton, N.J., forthcoming. UC-eLinks

——————. Rebel and Saint: Muslim Notables, Populist Protest, Colonial Encounters (Algeria and Tunisia, c. 1800–1904). Berkeley, Calif., 1994. UC-eLinks

———. Economic Life in Jerusalem. Cambridge, England, 1989. UC-eLinks

——————. Jewish Life under Islam: Jerusalem in the Sixteenth Century. Cambridge, Mass., and London, 1984. UC-eLinks

——————. “Local Trade, International Trade and Government in Jerusalem during the Early Ottoman Period” . AAS, 12:1 (1978), 5–12. UC-eLinks

——————. “Ottoman Rule and the Re-Emergence of the Coast of Palestine” . Cathedra,. 34 (January 1985), 55–74. UC-eLinks

——————. Palestine in the Eighteenth Century: Patterns of Government and Administration. Jerusalem, 1973. UC-eLinks

———, and Gabriel Baer. Egypt and Palestine: A Millennium of Association (868–1948). New York, 1984. UC-eLinks

———, and Bernard Lewis. Population and Revenue in the Towns of Palestine in the Sixteenth Century. Princeton, N.J., 1978. UC-eLinks

Cohn, Bernard. “Cloth, Clothes, and Colonialism: India in the Nineteenth Century” . In A. B. Weiner and J. Schneider, eds., Cloth and Human Experience. New York, 1989, 303–353. UC-eLinks

Crecelius, Daniel. The Roots of Modern Egypt: A Study of the Regimes of Ali Bey al-Kabir and Muhammad Bey Abu al-Dahab, 1760–1775. Minneapolis, Minn., and Chicago, 1981. UC-eLinks

Croly, George. The Holy Land: Syria, Iduma, Arabia, Egypt & Nubia, From Drawings Made on the Spot by David Roberts. 2 vols. London, 1842, 1849. UC-eLinks

Crosby (El-Mukattem). Lands of the Moslem: A Narrative of Oriental Travel. New York, 1851. UC-eLinks

Cuno, Ken. “Egypt’s Wealthy Peasantry, 1740–1820: A Study in the Region of al-Mansura” . In Tarif Khalidi, ed., Land Tenure and Social Transformation in the Middle East. Beirut, 1984, 303–332. UC-eLinks

——————. “The Origins of Private Ownership of Land in Egypt: A Reappraisal” . IJMES, 12 (1980), 245–275. UC-eLinks

——————. The Pasha’s Peasants: Land, Society, and Economy in Lower Egypt, 1740–1858. Cambridge, England, 1992. UC-eLinks

Al-Dabbagh, Mustafa Murad. Biladuna Filastin (Our Country, Palestine). 11 vols. Beirut, 1988. UC-eLinks

Darwaza, Muhammad Izzat, Al-Arab wa al-uruba fi haqabat al-taqallub al-turki min al-qarn al-thalith hatta al-qarn al-rabi ashar al-hijri (Arabs and Arabism during the Upheavals of the Turkish Era from the Thirteenth to the Fourteenth Islamic Centuries). 11 vols., 2d ed.. Vol. 5, Fi sharq al-Urdun wa Filastin (In East Jordan and Palestine). Sidon, 1981. UC-eLinks

——————. Mi’at am filastiniyya: Mudhakarat wa tasjilat (One Hundred Palestinian Years: Memories and Notes). Damascus, 1984. UC-eLinks

DeJong, F. “Sufi Orders in Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Palestine” . Studia Islamica. 58 (1983), 149–181. UC-eLinks

Dols, Michael W. “The Second Plague Pandemic and Its Recurrences in the Middle East: 1347–1894” . JESHO, 22 (1979), 162–189. UC-eLinks

Doumani, Beshara. “Palestinian Islamic Court Records: A Source for Socioeconomic History” . MESA Bulletin. 19 (1985), 155–172. UC-eLinks

——————. “The Political Economy of Population Counts in Ottoman Palestine: Nablus, circa 1850” . IJMES, 26 (1994), 1–17. UC-eLinks

——————. “Rediscovering Ottoman Palestine: Writing Palestinians into History” . JPS, 21:2 (Winter 1992), 5–28. UC-eLinks

Farah, Bulos. Min al-uthmaniyya ila al-dawla al-ibriyya (From the Ottoman to the Hebrew State). Nazareth, 1985. UC-eLinks

Farah, Caesar E. “The Quadruple Alliance and Proposed Ottoman Reform in Syria, 1839–1841” . IJTS, 2 (1981), 101–127. UC-eLinks

Faroqhi, Suraiya. Men of Modest Substance: House Owners and House Property in Seventeenth-Century Ankara and Kaysari. Cambridge, England, 1987. UC-eLinks

——————. “Notes on the Production of Cotton and Cotton Cloth in Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century Anatolia” . In Huri Iṡlamoğlu-Iṅan, ed., The Ottoman Empire and the World Economy. Cambridge, England, 1987, 262–270. UC-eLinks

——————. Towns and Townsmen of Ottoman Anatolia: Trade, Crafts and Food Production in an Urban Setting, 1520–1650. Cambridge, England, 1984. UC-eLinks

Farraj, Nicola. Qissat al-shaykh Zahir (The Story of Shaykh Zahir). Beirut, 1926. UC-eLinks

Fawaz, Leila. Merchants and Migrants in Nineteenth-Century Beirut. Cambridge, Mass., 1983. UC-eLinks

Finn, Elizabeth Anne. Home in the Holy Land: A Tale Illustrating Customs and Incidents in Modern Jerusalem. London, 1866. UC-eLinks

——————. Palestine Peasantry: Notes on Their Clans, Warfare, Religion and Laws. London, 1923. UC-eLinks

Finn, James. Stirring Times: Or Records from Jerusalem Consular Chronicles of 1853 to 1856. Edited by Elizabeth Anne Finn. 2 vols. London, 1878. UC-eLinks

Firestone, Ya‘akov. “Crop-Sharing Economics in Mandatory Palestine” . MES, 11 (1975), 2–23, 175–194. UC-eLinks

——————. “Production and Trade in an Islamic Context: Sharika Trade Contracts in the Transitional Economy of Northern Samaria, 1853–1943” . IJMES, 6 (1975), 185–209, 308–324. UC-eLinks

Fisher, Stanley. Ottoman Land Laws. London, 1919. UC-eLinks

Fox-Genovese, Elizabeth, and Eugene Genovese. Fruits of Merchant Capital: Slavery and Bourgeois Property in the Rise and Expansion of Capitalism. Oxford, 1983. UC-eLinks

Frangakis-Syrett, Elena. “The Trade of Cotton and Cloth in Izmir: From the Second Half of the Eighteenth Century to the Early Nineteenth Century” . In Çağlar Keyder and Faruk Tabak, eds., Landholding and Commercial Agriculture in the Middle East. Albany, N.Y., 1991, pp. 97–111. UC-eLinks

Frantz-Murphy, Gladys. “A New Interpretation of the Economic History of Medieval Egypt: The Role of the Textile Industry, 254–567/868–1171” . JESHO, 24 (1981), 274–297. UC-eLinks

Geertz, Clifford, Mildred Geertz, and Lawrence Rosen. Meaning and Order in Moroccan Society: Three Essays in Cultural Analysis. Cambridge, England, 1979. UC-eLinks

Gerber, Haim. “Modernization in Nineteenth-Century Palestine: The Role of Foreign Trade” . MES, 18 (1982), 250–264. UC-eLinks

——————. Ottoman Rule in Jerusalem, 1890–1914. Berlin, 1985. UC-eLinks

——————. “Sharia, Kanun and Custom in the Ottoman Law: The Court Records of 17th-Century Bursa” . IJTS, 3 (1984/1985), 131–147. UC-eLinks

——————. The Social Origins of the Modern Middle East. Boulder, Colo., 1987. UC-eLinks

Gharayba, Abdel-Karim Mahmud. Suriyya fi al-qarn al-tasi ashar (Syria in the Nineteenth Century). Cairo, 1961. UC-eLinks

Gibb, H. A. R., and Harold Bowen. Islamic Society and the West. 2 vols. Oxford, 1951, 1957. UC-eLinks

Gilsenan, Michael. “Against Patron-Client Relations” . In Ernest Gellner and John Waterbury, eds., Patrons and Clients. London, 1977, 167–183. UC-eLinks

Goiten, S. D. A Mediterranean Society: The Jewish Communities of the Arab World as Portrayed in the Documents of the Cairo Geniza. Vol. 1, Economic Foundation. Berkeley, Calif., 1967. Vol. 4, Daily Life. Berkeley, Calif., 1983. UC-eLinks

Goldstone, Jack. “East and West in the Seventeenth Century: Political Crises in Stuart England, Ottoman Turkey, and Ming China” . Comparative Studies in Society and History. 30 (1988), 103–142. UC-eLinks

Gozanski, Tamar. Tatawur al-ra’smaliyya fi Filastin (Capitalist Development in Palestine). Haifa, 1987. UC-eLinks

Graham-Brown, Sarah. Palestinians and Their Society, 1880–1946: A Photographic Essay. London and New York, 1980. UC-eLinks

——————. “The Political Economy of Jabal Nablus, 1920–1948” . In Roger Owen, ed., Studies in the Economic and Social History of Palestine in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. London, 1982, 88–176. UC-eLinks

Gran, Peter. Islamic Roots of Capitalism, Egypt 1760–1840. Austin, Tex., 1979. UC-eLinks

——————. “Political Economy as a Paradigm for the Study of Islamic History” . IJMES, 11 (1980), 511–526. UC-eLinks

Grant, Elihu. The People of Palestine. London, 1921. UC-eLinks

Grossman, David, and Zeev Safrai. “Satellite Settlements in Western Samaria” . The Geographical Review. 70 (1980), 446–461. UC-eLinks

Haddad, Yusuf. Al-Mujtama wa al-turath fi Filastin: Qaryat al-Bassa (Society and Folklore in Palestine: A Case Study of Al-Bassa Village). Acre, 1987. UC-eLinks

Hanna, Abdullah. Harakat al-amma al-dimashqiyya fi al-qarnayn al-thamin-ashar wa al-tasi ashar (Damascene Popular Movements in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries). Damascus, 1985. UC-eLinks

——————. Al-Qadiyya al-zira‘iyya wa al-harakat al-fallahiyya fi Suriyya wa Lubnan, 1820–1920 (The Agricultural Question and Peasant Movements in Syria and Lebanon, 1820–1920). Beirut, 1975. UC-eLinks

Harik, Iliya F. Politics and Change in a Traditional Society: Lebanon, 1711–1845. Princeton, N.J., 1968. UC-eLinks

Heyd, Uriel. Ottoman Documents on Palestine, 1552-1615: A Study of the Firman According to the Muhimme Defteri. Oxford, 1960. UC-eLinks

Hill, Enid. Mahkama! Studies in the Egyptian Legal System. London, 1979. UC-eLinks

Hilton, Rodney, ed. The Transition from Feudalism to Capitalism. London, 1984. UC-eLinks

Al-Hilu, Mussallam. (Qissat madinat Nablus (Story of the City of Nablus). Tunis, n.d. UC-eLinks

Hindess, Barry, and Paul Q. Hirst. Pre-Capitalist Modes of Production. London, 1975. UC-eLinks

Hinz, Walther. Al-Makayil wa al-awzan al-islamiyya wa ma yu‘adiluha fi al-nizam al-mitri (Islamic Weights and Measures and Their Metric Equivalent). Translated by Kamil al-Asali. Amman, 1970. UC-eLinks

Hoexter, Meriam. “Egyptian Involvement in the Politics of Notables in Palestine: Ibrahim Pasha in Jabal Nablus” . In Amnon Cohen and Gabriel Baer, eds., Egypt and Palestine: A Millennium of Association (868–1948). New York, 1984, 190–213. UC-eLinks

——————. “The Role of the Qays and Yaman Factions in Local Political Divisions: Jabal Nablus Compared with the Judean Hills in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century” . AAS, 9:3 (1973), 249–311. UC-eLinks

Hofman, Yitzhak. “The Administration of Syria and Palestine under Egyptian Rule, 1831-1840” . In Moshe Ma‘oz, ed., Studies on Palestine during the Ottoman Period. Jerusalem, 1975, 311-333. UC-eLinks

Holt, P. M. Egypt and the Fertile Crescent, 1516–1922: A Political History. Ithaca, N.Y., 1966. UC-eLinks

Homsi, Mahdi S. Tarikh Tarablus min khilal watha’iq al-mahkamah al-shar’iyya fi al-nisf al-thani min al-qarn al-sabi ashar (The History of Tripoli According to Islamic Court Records during the Second Half of the Seventeenth Century). Tripoli, 1985. UC-eLinks

Hourani, Albert. “The Changing Face of the Fertile Crescent in the Eighteenth Century” . Studia Islamica. 8 (1957), 89–122. UC-eLinks

——————. “Ottoman Reform and the Politics of Notables” . In W. R. Polk and Richard L. Chambers, eds., Beginnings of Modernization in the Middle East. Chicago, 1968. UC-eLinks

Hunayti, Harb. Qissat madinat Jenin (The Story of the City of Jenin). Tunis, n.d. UC-eLinks

Hurub Ibrahim basha al-masri fi Suriyya wa al-Anadol(The Battles of Ibrahim Pasha the Egyptian in Syria and Anatolia). Edited by Asad Rustum. Cairo, 1927. UC-eLinks

Al-Husayni, Muhammad As‘ad. Al-Manhal al-safi fi al-waqf wa ahkamihi, wa al-watha’iq al-tarikhiyya lil-aradi wa al-huquq al-waqfiyya al-islamiyya fi Filastin (The Pure Spring Concerning waqf and Its Conditions, and the Historical Documents of the Islamic Lands and waqf Rights in Palestine). Jerusalem, 1982. UC-eLinks

Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter. “Ottoman Administration of the Desert Frontier in the Sixteenth Century” . AAS, 19:2 (1985), 145–155. UC-eLinks

———, and Kamal Abdulfattah. Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late Sixteenth Century. Erlangen, Germany, 1977. UC-eLinks

Ibn al-Siddiq. Ghara’ib al-bada’i wa aja’ib al-waqa’i (The Strange Wonders and Mysterious Events). Edited by Yusuf Na‘isa. Damascus, 1988. UC-eLinks

Iṅalcik, Halil. Application of the Tanzimat and Its Social Effects. Lisse, 1976. UC-eLinks

——————. “Centralization and Decentralization in Ottoman Administration” . In Thomas Naff and Roger Owen, eds., Studies in Eighteenth Century Islamic History. Carbondale, Ill., and London, 1977, 27–52. UC-eLinks

——————. Ottoman Empire: Conquest, Organization and Economy. London, 1978. UC-eLinks

——————. Studies in Ottoman Social and Economic History. London, 1985. UC-eLinks

——————. “When and How British Cotton Goods Invaded the Levant Markets” . In Huri Iṡlamoğlu-Iṅan, ed., The Ottoman Empire and the World Economy. Cambridge, England, 1987, 374–383. UC-eLinks

Iṡlamoğlu-Iṅan, Huri. “Introduction: ‘Oriental Despotism’ in World System Perspective” . In Huri Iṡlamoğlu-Iṅan, ed., The Ottoman Empire and the World Economy. Cambridge, England, 1987, 1–24. UC-eLinks

——————. “M. A. Cook’s Population Pressure in Rural Anatolia: A Critique of the Present Paradigm in Ottoman History” . Review of Middle East Studies. 3 (1976), 120–135. UC-eLinks

——————. “Peasants, Commercialization, and Legitimation of State Power in Sixteenth-Century Anatolia” . In Çağlar Keyder and Faruk Tabak, eds., Landholding and Commercial Agriculture in the Middle East. Albany, N.Y., 1991, pp. 57–76. UC-eLinks

———, ed. The Ottoman Empire and the World Economy. Cambridge, England, 1987. UC-eLinks

Issawi, Charles. “British Trade and the Rise of Beirut, 1830–1860” . IJMES, 8 (1977), 91–101. UC-eLinks

——————. The Fertile Crescent, 1800–1914: A Documentary Economic History. Oxford, 1988. UC-eLinks

——————. “The Trade of Jaffa, 1825–1914” . In Hisham Nashabe, ed., Studia Palaestina: Studies in Honor of Constantine K. Zurayk. Beirut, 1988, 42–51. UC-eLinks

———. The Economic History of the Middle East, 1800–1914. Chicago, 1966. Reprint, Chicago, 1975. UC-eLinks

Jaussen, J. A., Coutumes Palestiniennes: Napulouse et son district. Paris, 1927. UC-eLinks

Jennings, Ronald. “Women in Early Seventeenth Century Ottoman Judicial Records: The Sharia Court of Anatolian Kayseri” . JESHO, 18 (1975), 53–114. UC-eLinks

Johansen, Baber. The Islamic Law on Land Tax and Rent: The Peasants’ Loss of Property Rights as Interpreted in the Hanafite Legal Literature of the Mamluk and Ottoman Periods. London, 1988. UC-eLinks

Joudah, Ahmad Hasan. Revolt in Palestine in the Eighteenth Century: The Era of Shaykh Zahir al-Umar. Princeton, N.J., 1987. UC-eLinks

Kandiyoti, Deniz. “Bargaining with Patriarchy” . Gender and Society. 2 (1988), 274–290. UC-eLinks

——————. “Islam and Patriarchy: A Comparative Perspective” . In Nikkie Keddie and Beth Baron, eds., Women in Middle Eastern History: Shifting Boundaries in Sex and Gender. New Haven, Conn., and London, 1991, 23–42. UC-eLinks

Karpat, Kemal. Ottoman Population, 1830–1914: Demographic and Social Characteristics. Madison, Wis., 1985. UC-eLinks

——————. The Ottoman State and Its Place in World History. Leiden, 1974. UC-eLinks

Kasaba, Reşat. The Ottoman Empire and the World Economy: The Nineteenth Century. Albany, N.Y., 1988. UC-eLinks

Al-Kayyali, Abd al-Wahab. Tarikh Filastin al-hadith (The Modern History of Palestine). 9th ed. Beirut, 1985. UC-eLinks

Kelly, Walter Keating. Syria and the Holy Land: Their Scenery and Their People. London, 1844. UC-eLinks

Kerr, Malcolm. Lebanon in the Last Years of Feudalism, 1840-1868: A Contemporary Account by Antun Dahir al-Aqiqi and Other Documents. Beirut, 1959. UC-eLinks

Keyder, Çağlar. “The Dissolution of the Asiatic Mode of Production” . Economy and Society. 5 (May 1976), 178–196. UC-eLinks

Keyder, Çağlar, and Faruk Tabak, eds. Landholding and Commercial Agriculture in the Middle East. Albany, N.Y., 1991. UC-eLinks

Khalidi, Ahmad Samih. Ahl al-ilm wa al-hukm fi rif Filastin (Scholars and Rulers in Rural Palestine). Amman, 1968. UC-eLinks

Khalidi, Tarif, ed.Land Tenure and Social Transformation in the Middle East. Beirut, 1984. UC-eLinks

Khalidi, Walid. Before Their Diaspora: A Photographic History of the Palestinians. Washington, D.C., 1984. UC-eLinks

Khatib, Alia. Arab al-Turkman: Abna Marj Ibn Amir (The Turkman Arabs: Sons of Marj Ibn Amir). Amman, 1987. UC-eLinks

Khoury, Dina Rizk. “The Introduction of Commercial Agriculture in the Province of Mosul and Its Effects on the Peasantry, 1750–1850” . In Çağlar Keyder and Faruk Tabak, eds., Landholding and Commercial Agriculture in the Middle East. Albany, N.Y., 1991, 155–171. UC-eLinks

Khoury, Philip. Urban Notables and Arab Nationalism: The Politics of Damascus, 1860–1920. Cambridge, England, 1983. UC-eLinks

Kunt, I. Metin. The Sultan’s Servants: The Transformation of Ottoman Provincial Government, 1550–1650. New York, 1983. UC-eLinks

Kurd Ali, Muhammad. Kitab khitat al-Sham (The Plan of Damascus). 3d. ed., 6 vols. Damascus, 1983. UC-eLinks

Kurmus, Orhan. “The Cotton Famine and Its Effects on the Ottoman Empire” . In Huri Iṡlamoğlu-Iṅan, ed., The Ottoman Empire and the World Economy. Cambridge, England, 1987, 160–169. UC-eLinks

Kushner, David, ed.Palestine in the Late Ottoman Period: Political, Social and Economic Transformation. Jerusalem, 1986. UC-eLinks

Lawson, Fred. “Rural Revolt and Provincial Society in Egypt, 1820–1824” . IJMES, 13 (1981), 131–153. UC-eLinks

Levy, Avigdor. “Military Reform and the Problem of Centralization in the Ottoman Empire in the Eighteenth Century” . MES, 18 (1982), 227–249. UC-eLinks

Lewis, Bernard. The Emergence of Modern Turkey. Oxford, 1961. UC-eLinks

Li Causi, Luciano. “Anthropology and Ideology: the Case of “Patronage.”” Critique of Anthropology. 4/5 (1975), 90–110. UC-eLinks

Littlewood, Paul. “Patronage, Ideology and Reproduction” Critique of Anthropology. 15 (1980), 29–45. UC-eLinks

Ludden, David. Peasant History in South India. Princeton, N.J., 1985. UC-eLinks

McCarthy, Justin. The Population of Palestine. New York, 1990. UC-eLinks

McGowan, Bruce. Economic Life in Ottoman Europe. Cambridge, England,1981. UC-eLinks

——————. “The Study of Land and Agriculture in the Ottoman Provinces within the Context of an Expanding Economy in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries” . IJTS, 3 (1984/1985), 57–63. UC-eLinks

Manna, Adel. A‘lam Filastin fi awakhir al-ahd al-uthmani, 1800–1918 (Notables of Palestine in the Late Ottoman Period). Jerusalem, 1986. UC-eLinks

——————. “The Sijill as Source for the Study of Palestine during the Ottoman Period, with Special Reference to the French Invasion” . In David Kushner, ed., Palestine in the Late Ottoman Period: Political, Social, and Economic Transformation. Jerusalem, 1986, 351–362. UC-eLinks

Mansur, As‘ad. Tarikh al-Nasira min aqdam azmaniha ila ayamina al-hadira (The History of Nazareth from Ancient Times until the Present). Cairo, 1924. UC-eLinks

Ma‘oz, Moshe. Ottoman Reform in Syria and Palestine, 1840–1861: The Impact of the Tanzimat on Politics and Society. Oxford, 1968. UC-eLinks

———, ed. Studies on Palestine during the Ottoman Period. Jerusalem, 1975. UC-eLinks

Marcus, Abraham. “Men, Women, and Property: Dealers in Real Estate in 18th Century Aleppo” . JESHO, 26 (1983), 138–163. UC-eLinks

——————. The Middle East on the Eve of Modernity: Aleppo in the Eighteenth Century. New York, 1989. UC-eLinks

Masri, Malik. Nabulsiyat. Amman, 1990. UC-eLinks

Masson, Paul. Histoire du commerce français dans le Levant au XVIIIieme siècle. New York, 1967. UC-eLinks

Masters, Bruce. “The 1850 Events in Aleppo: An Aftershock of Syria’s Incorporation into the Capitalist Economy” . IJMES, 22 (1990), 3–20. UC-eLinks

——————. The Origins of Western Economic Dominance in the Middle East: Mercantalism and the Islamic Economy in Aleppo, 1600–1750. New York, 1988. UC-eLinks

Mills, John. Three Months’ Residence at Nablus and an Account of the Modern Samaritans. London, 1864. UC-eLinks

Mishaqa, Mikhayil. Muntakhabat min al-jawab ala iqtirah al-ahbab (Selected Answers to Inquiries from Loved Ones). Edited by Asad Rustum and Subhi Abu Shaqra. Beirut, 1955. Reprint, Beirut, 1985. UC-eLinks

——————. Murder, Mayhem, Pillage, and Plunder: The History of the Lebanon in the 18th and 19th Centuries. Translated by Wheeler M. Thackston, Jr. New York, 1988. UC-eLinks

Moors, Annelies, and Steven Machlin. “Postcards of Palestine: Interpreting Images” . Critique of Anthropology. 7 (1987), 61–77. UC-eLinks

Mu‘ammar, Tawfiq. Zahir al-Umar: Kitab yatanawal tarikh al-Jalil khasattan wa al-bilad al-suriyya ammatan min sanat 1698 hatta sanat 1777 (Zahir al-Umar: A Book Dealing with the History of the Galilee in Particular and the Syrian Lands in General from the Year 1698 to the Year 1777). Nazareth, 1979. UC-eLinks

Mudhakkirat tarikhiyya an hamlat Ibrahim basha ala Suriyya (Historical Memoirs of Ibrahim Pasha’s Campaign in Syria). Edited by Ahmad Ghassan Sabano. N.p., n.d. UC-eLinks

Myers, David. “History as Ideology: The Case of Ben Zion Dinur, Zionist Historian ‘Par Excellence.’” Modern Judaism. 8:2 (May 1988), 167–193. UC-eLinks

Naff, Thomas, and RogerOwen, eds. Studies in Eighteenth Century Islamic History. Carbondale, Ill., and London, 1977. UC-eLinks

Nelson, Cynthia, ed. The Desert and the Sown: Nomads in a Wider Society. Berkeley, Calif., 1974. UC-eLinks

Nimr, Ihsan. Tarikh Jabal Nablus wa al-Balqa (History of Jabal Nablus and al-Balqa). 4 vols. Nablus, 1936–1961. UC-eLinks

Owen, Roger. Cotton and the Egyptian Economy, 1820–1914. Oxford, 1969. UC-eLinks

——————. “The Middle East in the Eighteenth Century—An ‘Islamic’ Society in Decline? A Critique of Gibb and Bowen’s Islamic Society and the West” . Review of Middle East Studies, 1 (1975), 101–112. UC-eLinks

——————. The Middle East in the World Economy, 1800–1914. London, 1981. UC-eLinks

———, ed. Studies in the Economic and Social History of Palestine in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. London, 1982. UC-eLinks

Paige, Jeffrey. “One, Two, or Many Vietnams? Social Theory and Peasant Revolution in Vietnam and Guatemala” . In Edmund Burke III, ed., Global Crises and Social Movements. Boulder, Colo., and London, 1988, 145–179. UC-eLinks

Pamuk, Şevket. “Decline and Resistance of Ottoman Cotton Textiles, 1820–1913” . Explorations in Economic History. 23 (1986), 200–225. UC-eLinks

——————. Ottoman Empire and the World Economy, 1820–1913: Trade, Capital and Production. Cambridge, England, 1987. UC-eLinks

——————. “The Ottoman Empire in Comparative Perspective” . Review. (Binghamton, N.Y.), 11 (1988), 127–150. UC-eLinks

Perlin, Frank. “Precolonial South Asia and Western Penetration in the 17th–19th Centuries” . Review. (Binghamton, N.Y.), 4 (1980), 267–306. UC-eLinks

——————. “Proto-Industrialization and Pre-Colonial South Asia” . Past and Present. 98 (1983), 30–95. UC-eLinks

Philipp, Thomas. “Class, Community and Arab Historiography in the Early Eighteenth Century—The Dawn of a New Era” . IJMES, 16 (1984), 161–175. UC-eLinks

——————. “Social Structure and Political Power in Acre in the 18th Century” . In Thomas Philipp, ed., The Syrian Land in the 18th and 19th Century. Stuttgart, 1992, 91–108. UC-eLinks

Pierotti, Ermete. Customs and Traditions of Palestine. Cambridge, England, 1864. UC-eLinks

Polk, William R. The Opening of South Lebanon, 1788–1840: A Study of the Impact of the West on the Middle East. Cambridge, Mass., 1963. UC-eLinks

Polk, William R, and Richard L.Chambers, eds. Beginnings of Modernization in the Middle East: The Nineteenth Century. Chicago, 1968. UC-eLinks

Porath, Yehoshua. “The Peasant Revolt of 1858–1861 in Kisrawan” . AAS, 2 (1966), 77–157. UC-eLinks

Puryear, V. J. France and the Levant. Berkeley, Calif., and Los Angeles, 1941. UC-eLinks

Al-Qasimi, Muhammad Sa‘id. Qamus al-sina‘at al-shamiyya. 2 vols. Paris, 1962. UC-eLinks

Quataert, Donald. “Ottoman Handicrafts and Industry in the Age of European Industrial Hegemony, 1800–1914” . Review. (Binghamton, N.Y.), 11 (1988), 169–178. UC-eLinks

——————. Ottoman Manufacturing in the Age of the Industrial Revolution. Cambridge, England, 1993. UC-eLinks

——————. “Ottoman Women, Households, and Textile Manufacturing, 1800–1914” . In Nikkie Keddie and Beth Baron, eds. Women in Middle Eastern History: Shifting Boundaries in Sex and Gender. New Haven, Conn., and London, 1991, 161–176. UC-eLinks

——————. Social Disintegration and Popular Resistance in the Ottoman Empire, 1881–1908: Reactions to European Economic Penetration. New York, 1983. UC-eLinks

Rafeq, Abdul-Karim. Al-Arab wa al-uthmaniyun, 1516–1916 (The Arabs and the Ottomans, 1516–1916). Damascus, 1974. UC-eLinks

——————. Buhuth fi al-tarikh al-iqtisadi wa al-ijtima‘i li Bilad al-Sham fi al-asr al-hadith (Studies in the Social and Economic History of Greater Syria in the Modern Period). Damascus, 1985. UC-eLinks

——————. “Changes in the Relationship between the Ottoman Central Administration and the Syrian Provinces from the Sixteenth to the Eighteenth Centuries” . In Thomas Naff and Roger Owen, eds., Studies in Eighteenth Century Islamic History. Carbondale, Ill., and London, 1977, 53–73. UC-eLinks

——————. “Economic Relations between Damascus and the Dependent Countryside, 1743–71” . In A. L. Udovitch, ed., The Islamic Middle East, 700–1900. Princeton, N.J., 1981, 653–686. UC-eLinks

——————. “Al-Fi’at al-ijtima‘iyya wa masader al-tharwa wa al-sulta fi Ghazza fi awakher al-khamsinat min al-qarn al-tasi ashar ” (Social Groups and the Sources of Wealth and Power in Gaza during the late 1850s). In Hisham Nashabe, ed., Studia Palaestina: Studies in Honor of Constantine K. Zurayk. Beirut, 1988, 83–126. UC-eLinks

———. “Ghazza: Dirasa umraniyya wa iqtisadiyya min khilal al-watha’iq al-shar‘iyya, 1273–1277/1857–1861 ” (Gaza: A Cultural and Economic Study Based on Islamic Court Documents, 1273–1277/1857–1861). InAl-M’utamar al-duwali al-thalith li tarikh Bilad al-Sham (Filastin) (The Third International Conference on Bilad al-Sham: Palestine). Vol. 2, Jughrafiyyat Filastin wa hadaratiha (The Geography and Civilization of Palestine). Amman, 1980, 68–157. UC-eLinks

——————. “Land Tenure Problems and Their Social Impact in Syria around the Middle of the Nineteenth Century” . In Tarif Khalidi, ed., Land Tenure and Social Transformation in the Middle East. Beirut, 1984, 371–408. UC-eLinks

——————. “The Local Forces in Syria in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries” . In V. J. Parry and M. E. Yapp, eds., War, Technology and Society. London, 1975, 277–307. UC-eLinks

——————. The Province of Damascus, 1723–1783. Beirut, 1966. UC-eLinks

——————. “Qafilat al-hajj wa ahimmiyatuha fi al-ahd al-uthmani ” (The Pilgrimage Caravan and Its Importance in the Ottoman Era).Dirasat Tarikhiyya. 6 (1981), 5–28. UC-eLinks

Rahim, Abdur. The Principles of Muhammadan Jurisprudence According to the Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi‘i and Hanbali Schools. London, 1911. Reprint, Westport, Conn., 1981. UC-eLinks

Al-Ramini, Akram. Nablus fi al-qarn al-tasi ashar (Nablus in the Nineteenth Century). Amman, 1977. UC-eLinks

Raymond, André. Artisans et commerçants au Caire au XVIIIe siècle. 2 vols. Damascus, 1973–1974. UC-eLinks

Reilly, James. “Status Groups and Property-Holding in the Damascus Hinterland, 1828–1880” . IJMES, 21 (1989), 517–539. UC-eLinks

Rogan, Eugene. “Money-Lending and Capital Flows from Nablus, Damascus and Jerusalem to the qada;bn of al-Salt in the Last Decades of Ottoman Rule” . In Thomas Philipp, ed., The Syrian Land in the 18th and 19th Century. Stuttgart, 1992, 239–260. UC-eLinks

Rogers, Mary Eliza. Domestic Life in Palestine. London, 1862. Reprint, London and New York, 1989. UC-eLinks

Rustum, Asad. Bashir bayna al-sultan wa al-aziz: 1804–1841 (Bashir between the Sultan and the Khedive). 2 vols. Beirut, 1956. UC-eLinks

——————. Al-Mahfuzat al-malakiyya al-misriyya (A Calendar of State Papers from the Royal Archives of Egypt relating to the Affairs of Syria). 4 vols. Beirut, 1940–1943. Reprint, Beirut, 1986. UC-eLinks

——————. Notes on Akka and Its Defenses under Ibrahim Pasha. Cairo, 1926. UC-eLinks

——————. The Royal Archives of Egypt and the Disturbances in Palestine, 1834. Beirut, 1938. UC-eLinks

——————. The Royal Archives of Egypt and the Origins of the Expedition to Syria. Beirut, 1936. UC-eLinks

——————. The Struggle of Mehmet Ali Pasha with Sultan Mahmud II and Some of Its Geographical Aspects. Cairo, 1925. UC-eLinks

——————. Al-Usul al-arabiyya li-tarikh Suriyya fi ahd Muhammad Ali basha (Materials for a Corpus of Arabic Documents relating to the History of Syria under Mehemet Ali Pasha). 5 vols. Beirut, 1933–1936. UC-eLinks

Sabri, Bahjat. Al-Sijillat al-uthmaniyya li baladiyyat Nablus (Ottoman Records on the Municipality of Nablus). Jerusalem, 1982. UC-eLinks

Said, Edward, and Christopher Hitchens, eds. Blaming the Victims: Spurious Scholarship and the Palestinian Question. London and New York, 1988. UC-eLinks

Al-Salhut, Jamil. Al-Qada al-asha’iri (Clan Law). Acre, 1987. UC-eLinks

Al-Samiri, Ibrahim Danafi. Zahir al-Umar wa hukkam Jabal Nablus, A.H. 1185–1187/A.D. 1771–1773 (Zahir al-Umar and the Rulers of Jabal Nablus, A.H. 1185–1187/A.D. 1771–1773). Edited by Musa Abu Dayya. Nablus, 1986. UC-eLinks

Sayigh, Rosemary. Palestinians: From Peasants to Revolutionaries. London, 1979. UC-eLinks

Schilcher, Linda Schatkowski. Families in Politics: Damascene Factions and Estates of the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries. Stuttgart, 1985. UC-eLinks

——————. “The Huran Conflicts of 1860’s: A Chapter in the Rural History of Modern Syria” . IJMES, 13 (1981), 159–179. UC-eLinks

Schölch, Alexander. “The Emergence of Modern Palestine (1856–1882)” . In Hisham Nashabe, ed., Studia Palaestina: Studies in Honor of Constantine K. Zurayk. Beirut, 1988, 69–82. UC-eLinks

——————. “European Penetration and the Economic Development of Palestine, 1856–1882” . In Roger Owen, ed., Studies in the Economic and Social History of Palestine in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. London, 1982, 10–87. UC-eLinks

——————. Palestine in Transformation, 1856–1882: Studies in Social, Economic, and Political Development. Translated by William C. Young and Michael C. Gerrity. Washington, D.C., 1993. UC-eLinks

Scott, James C. The Moral Economy of the Peasant: Rebellion and Subsistence in Southeast Asia. New Haven, Conn., 1976. UC-eLinks

——————. Weapons of the Weak: Everyday Forms of Peasant Resistance. New Haven, Conn., 1985. UC-eLinks

Seddon, David. Moroccan Peasants: A Century of Change in the Eastern Rif, 1870–1970. Folkestone, England, 1981. UC-eLinks

Seger, Karen, ed.Portrait of a Palestinian Village: The Photographs of Hilma Granqvist. London, 1981. UC-eLinks

Serhan, Nimir. Mawsu‘at al-folklore al-Filastini(Encyclopedia of Palestinian Folklore), 2d ed., 3 vols. Amman, 1989. UC-eLinks

Shamir, Shimon. “Egyptian Rule (1832–1840) and the Beginning of the Modern 1Period in the History of Palestine” . In Amnon Cohen and Gabriel Baer, eds., Egypt and Palestine: A Millennium of Association (868–1948). Jerusalem, 1984, 214–231. UC-eLinks

Sharif, Maher. Tarikh Filastin al-iqtisadi al-ijtima‘i (The Economic and Social History of Palestine). Beirut, 1985. UC-eLinks

Shihab, Amir Haidar. Tarikh Ahmad basha Jazzar (History of Ahmad Pasha Jazzar). Edited by Antoine Chibli and Ignace-Abdo Khalife. Beirut, 1955. UC-eLinks

Silverman, Sydel. “The Peasant Concept in Anthropology” . Journal of Peasant Studies. 7 (1979), 49–69. UC-eLinks

Sluglett, Peter, and Marion Farouk-Sluglett. “The Application of the 1858 Land Code in Greater Syria: Some Preliminary Observations” . In Tarif Khalidi, ed., Land Tenure and Transformation in the Middle East. Beirut, 1984, 409–424. UC-eLinks

Smilianskaya, I. Al-Buna al-iqtisadiyya wa-al-ijtima‘iyya fi al-mashriq al-arabi ala masharif al-asr al-hadith (Social and Economic Structures in the Arab East on the Eve of the Modern Period). Beirut, 1989. UC-eLinks

Smith, George Adam. Historical Geography of Palestine. London, 1894. UC-eLinks

Spyridon, S. N. “Annals of Palestine, 1821–1841” . JPOS, 18 (1938), 63–132. UC-eLinks

Swedenberg, Ted. “The Role of the Palestinian Peasantry in the Great Revolt (1936–1939)” . In Edmund Burke III and Ira Lapidus, eds., Islam, Politics and Social Movements. Berkeley, Calif., 1988, 169–203. UC-eLinks

Tabak, Faruk. “Local Merchants in Peripheral Areas of the Empire: The Fertile Crescent during the Long Nineteenth Century” . Review. (Binghamton, N.Y.), 11 (1988), 179–214. UC-eLinks

Tamimi, Muhammad Rafiq, and Muhammad Bahjat. Wilayat Bayrut. Beirut, 1916–1917. UC-eLinks

Thomas, J. Travels in Egypt and Palestine. Philadelphia, 1853. UC-eLinks

Thomson, W. M. The Land and the Book. London, 1894. UC-eLinks

Tibawi, A. L. A Modern History of Syria including Lebanon and Palestine. London, 1969. UC-eLinks

Tristram, H. B. The Land of Israel: Journal of Travels in Palestine, Undertaken With Special Reference to Its Physical Character.London, 1882. UC-eLinks

——————. Pathways to Palestine. 2 vols. London, 1881–1882. UC-eLinks

Tucker, Judith. “Marriage and Family in Nablus, 1720–1856: Towards a History of Arab Muslim Marriage” . Journal of Family History. 13 (1988), 165–179. UC-eLinks

——————. “Problems in the Historiography of Women in the Middle East: The Case of Nineteenth-Century Egypt” . IJMES, 15 (1983), 321–336. UC-eLinks

——————. “Ties That Bound: Women and Family in Late Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-Century Nablus” . In Nikkie Keddie and Beth Baron, eds., Women in Middle Eastern History: Shifting Boundaries in Sex and Gender. New Haven, Conn., and London, 1991, 233–253. UC-eLinks

——————. Women in Nineteenth-Century Egypt. Cambridge, England, 1985. UC-eLinks

Tuma, Emile. Filastin fi al-ahd al-uthmani (Palestine during the Ottoman Period). Jerusalem, 1983. UC-eLinks

Turner, Bryan. Marx and the End of Orientalism. London, 1978. UC-eLinks

Udovitch, A. L., ed.The Islamic Middle East, 700–1900. Princeton, N.J., 1981. UC-eLinks

——————. Partnership and Profit in Medieval Islam. Princeton, N.J., 1970. UC-eLinks

Urquhart, David. The Lebanon (Mount Souria): A History and Diary. 2 vols. London, 1860. UC-eLinks

Valensi, Lucette. Tunisian Peasants in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries. Cambridge, England, and New York, 1985. UC-eLinks

Vatter, Sherry. “Journeymen Textile Weavers in Nineteenth-Century Damascus: A Collective Biography” . In Edmund Burke III, ed., Struggle and Survival in the Modern Middle East. Berkeley, Calif., 1993, 75–90. UC-eLinks

Volney, M. Travels through Syria and Egypt in the Years 1783, 1784, and 1785. 2 vols. London, 1788. UC-eLinks

Wallerstein, Immanuel. The Modern World System. 2 vols. New York, 1974, 1980. UC-eLinks

———, and Reşat Kasaba. “Incorporation into the World Economy: Change in the Structure of the Ottoman Empire, 1750–1839” . In J. L. Bacqué-Grammont and Paul Dumont, eds., Économie et sociétés dans l’Empire ottoman fin du XVII–début du XXe siècle. Paris, 1983, 335–354. UC-eLinks

Warburg, Gabriel, and Gad Gilbar, eds. Studies in Islamic Society: Contributions in Memory of Gabriel Baer. Haifa, 1984. UC-eLinks

Wehr, Hans. A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic. Edited by J. Milton Cowan. 3d ed. New York, 1976. UC-eLinks

Wilson, Charles Williams, ed.Picturesque Palestine, Sinai and Egypt. 2 vols. New York, 1881, 1884. UC-eLinks

Wolf, Eric. Peasant Wars of the Twentieth Century. New York, 1969. UC-eLinks

Wood, A. G. A History of the Levant Company. Oxford, 1935. UC-eLinks

Wright, G. Ernest. Shechem: The Biography of a Biblical City. New York and Toronto, 1965. UC-eLinks

Zwiedinek von Sudenhorst, Julius. Syrien und seine Bedeutung für den Welthandel. Vienna, 1873. UC-eLinks

previous section
Select Bibliography
no next