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C

Calvin, John, 84 , 118

Calvinism: and Calvinists as desecrators of images in Catholic legends, 222 ;

Catholic polemics against, 109 , 112 , 150 , 178 , 188 ;

and doctrine of cessation of miracles, 136 n15;

in France, 84 , 122 ;

in Germany, 99 -101

Canisius, Peter: exorcist, 119 , 122 -26, 128 , 135 -36, 215 ;

Jesuit counter-reformer, 10 , 86 , 163

Carmelite Order, 219

Cathars, 115

Cathedral chapters, 78

Censorship, 6 , 76 -77

Chalice movement, 71 , 111

Charlemagne, 42 , 115 , 129

Charles V (German emperor), 67

Chartier, Roger, 5 n6, 104

Chatellier, Louis, 10 n11

Christ, 117 ;

late medieval worship of, 21 , 26 ;

miracles of, 108 -9, 110 , 188 , 189

Christian, William, 3 , 225 n19

Chronicles: about Altötting, 41 -42;

about Andechs, 39 -41;

critical of pilgrimage, 44 , 47 , 50 , 57 , 58 n33, 66 -67

Church Militant, 94 , 98 , 171

Clement (Church father), 108

Clergy, Catholic: as figures in pilgrimage book legends, 40 , 41 , 43 , 113 , 114 , 191 , 196 -98, 206 ;

and late medieval attempts to define cult, 50 -52, 85 -86, 209 -10;

Protestant denunciation of, 62 , 64 -65, 66 -67, 133 -36, 150 -55, 157 , 158 ;

and routinization of clerical charisma, 114 -15, 127 , 210 ;

Tridentine reform efforts, 77 , 78 -79

Clerical Council (Bavaria), 77

Cologne, 79 , 95 , 138 , 149

Comedy, as literary and processional plot, 81 , 171

Concubinage, 70 , 77 , 78 , 111

Confession, sacrament of: and Counter-Reformation changes, 117 -19, 126 , 127 ;

requirement of, in Bavaria, 77

Confraternities, 87 , 105 , 163 -64, 184 -85, 200

Consecration, rite of, 51 , 113 -15

Constantinople, 221 , 223

Corpus Christi, Feast of: Counter-Reformation celebration of, in Bavaria, 9 , 71 , 78 , 87 -90, 107 , 160 , 161 , 171 , 230 ;

in medieval France and England, 81 -85;

in medieval and Reformation-era Germany and Bavaria, 85 -87;

Johann Nass's defense of, 91 -94, 97 , 129

Council of Trent, 6 , 8 , 75 , 76 , 118 ;

on saintly veneration, 108

Cranach, Lucas (the Elder), 154 -55, 218

Cross, 127 , 145 , 203 ;

sign of, 214 , 215

Crusades, 230 -31


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