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M

Magyars, 115 , 116 , 129

Mainz, 138

Marbach, Johann, 131 -42, 146 , 149 , 150 , 157 , 212

Maria-Ort, 222 -23

Mariahilfbild , 218 -19

Mariology and Mary. See Virgin Mary

Martyrologies, 94 -97, 98 , 101 , 139

Maximilian I, duke of Bavaria (r. 1598-1651), 77 , 80 , 161 , 162 , 182 , 183 , 205

Mayer, Anton, 23 n12, 208 n102

Medallions, pilgrimage, 57

Mediation, Catholic doctrine of, 108 -9, 136 , 140 , 145 -46, 215

Meissen, 62 -63, 181 , 187 , 188 , 189

Midelfort, Erik, 127 n75, 144

Miesbach, 162

Milichius, Ludwig, 143 n36

Miracles, 3 -4;

absence of clerical records at Bleeding Host shrines, 37 , 172 -73, 180 ;

and Counter-Reformation changes, 214 -15;

eucharistic, 40 , 179 , 196 -97;

importance of, in Counter-Reformation, 9 , 97 , 102 , 103 , 128 -29, 185 , 186 , 189 , 200 , 208 -9;

importance of, in later Middle Ages, 7 , 28 -30, 43 , 170 ;

and Johann Marbach's "miracles of faith," 136 -37, 157 ;

and Marian cult, 103 -4;

and printed miracle books, 31 , 32 , 33 -36;

prodigy press, 147 -50;

as product of biblical narrative and Catholic apostolic succession, 188 -89, 195 , 201 ;

Protestant assessment of, 62 , 63 , 64 -65, 66 , 67 , 133 , 135 , 136 , 137 ;

Reformation-era decline of, 72 -73, 203

Moloch (Canaanite fertility god), 69

Mont-Saint-Michel, 47

Moosburg, 107

More, Thomas, 81 -82

Mörlin, David, 202

Mühldorf, Conventicle of, 69

Munich, 18 , 40 ;

St. Benno's shrine in,


237

181 -91;

Clerical Council at, 77 ;

Corpus Christi in, 86 -89;

CounterReformation in, 161 , 163 , 164 ;

Protestantism in, 71

Musculus, Andreas, 143 n36


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