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C

California housing reform, stages in organization, 233 –234

California state building codes, 242 –245

California state housing acts, 198 , 243

Canterbury Hotel, San Francisco, 36 , 175

Capitol Hill district, Denver, 195

Case closets in rooming houses, 100 , 98

Casual laborers, 23 , 134 –135, 137 , 156 , 159 , 309

housing conditions at outlying work sites, 148

as predominantly white and American-born, 137

typical incomes, 308

See also Hoboes; Single workers' districts

Cave Café and Grill, San Francisco, 220

Center city, definition, xi

Central City Concern, Portland, Oregon, 288 –289

Central Hotel, San Francisco, 143 , 190 , 146 , 190

Central Pacific Hotel, San Francisco, 95 , 99

Centrality of hotel locations, 66

Centralization of housing control, 238 , 260 , 263

Chairs. See Material possessions; Room furnishings


389

Chandler, Raymond, 221

Cheap lodging houses. See Lodging houses headings

Chelsea district, New York, 113

Chelsea Hotel, New York, 65

Cheney, Charles, 237

Chicago, 9 , 57 –58, 300 , 139

census and housing studies, 63 , 230 –231, 258

light housekeeping rooms, 125126

lodging houses, 138 , 144 , 182 , 246 , 166

rooming houses, 107 , 227 , 12

Chicago Beach Hotel, Chicago, 78

Chicago hotels. See Chicago Beach Hotel; Drake Hotel; Eleanor Clubs; Grand Pacific Hotel; Hotel Warner; Hyde Park Hotel; Memorial Hotel; Sisson Hotel; Windermere Hotel

Chicago districts. See Gold Coast; Main Stem; Near North Side

Chicago School of Sociology, 207 , 226 –227

Childlessness, hotels vs. house districts, 212 –213

Children in hotels, 35 –37, 253 , 290

Chinatown, San Francisco, 156 , 275 , 152

family association buildings, 158

lodging houses, 171 , 288

Chinese Americans

and cubic air ordinances, 241

as San Francisco laborers, 137 , 157 –158

CIH. See Commission on Immigration and Housing

Citizenship and rented dwellings, 201 , 223 , 227

City planning, 205 , 207 , 237 –238, 301 , 304

Civic Center district, San Francisco, 102 , 173

Claremont Hotel, Oakland, California, 81 –82, 82

Class conflict, 195 , 230

and laborers' unrest in hotel districts, 227 –228

Class formation, 34 , 38 , 196 , 248 , 303

active role of palace hotel luxury, 36 –37, 51 –52

casual laborers, 132 , 164 , 167

liminal status of rooming house residents, 91 , 128 –129

material culture concerns, 162 , 202

midpriced hotels, 59 , 75 –76

See also Conspicuous consumption

Clayton Hotel, San Francisco, 158 –159

Clemens, Samuel (Mark Twain), 31 , 35

Codes. See Building codes

Coffee shops, 73

Commercial-residential mixture. See Land use mixture

Commercial vs. domestic values, 121 , 168 , 216

Commission on Immigration and Housing, California, 235 –236

campaign for city planning and zoning, 237

more liberal hotel codes than eastern counterparts, 243

open-lot house ideal, 254

Common laborers. See Casual laborers

Conspicuous consumption, 45 –46, 48 , 50

Construction costs, 294 , 297 , 299

Construction cycles. See Building and investment cycles

Conversion of hotels to offices and hospitals, 185

Conversion of houses to hotels, 80 , 189

Coolidge, Calvin, 60

Cooperative housekeeping, 62 –64, 62 . See also Women in hotels

Cosmopolitan. See Commercial land-use mixture; Social mixture

Costs (room rental rates), 59 , 161 , 294 , 306

American plan versus European plan, 29 , 74 , 74

apartments and apartment hotels, 51 , 85 , 126

lodging houses and barracks, 141 , 148 , 151 , 142

midpriced hotels, 61 –62, 74 –75, 78

palace hotels and palace resorts, 32 , 38 , 44 , 50 , 78

recent price ranges, 292 , 299 –300

rooming houses and YMCAs, 102 , 108

tourist rates adjusted for residents, 61

See also Food

Cottage districts, 139


390

County relief home, San Francisco, 199

Cribs and "cage" hotels. See Lodging houses, cubicle type

Crime and lodging houses, 220

Crocker Mansion spite wall, 187

Cubic air ordinances, and Chinese, 241

Cubicle hotels. See Lodging houses, cubicle type

Cultural engineering and buildings, 262 –263

Cultural imperialism of planners, 295 , 303

Cultural landscape methods, x –xi

need and use in design and planning, 302 , 304

Cultural oppositions and hotels, 13 , 22 –23, 127 –128, 198 –199, 210 , 293

Cultural pluralism, potentials for designers, 303


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