previous sub-section
Part 9— The Conquest until Buzzard
next sub-section

The Conquest (Hendricks)

The people emerged from the east and traveled toward the north, then to the west, and south, some completing a great circle and returning to the east. On this journey they continually fought the earlier inhabitants of the land. From time to time groups of people left the company and settled down, the Papago remaining in the Sacaton Valley. As they journeyed Elder Brother gave names to the mountains. He would listen to the people as they talked about the beautiful mountains, then he would tell the name of the mountain in a song.

It was said that the people saw a little cloud on top of a mountain and said, "We thought we had everything with us. We thought we had all the clouds. What can be the name of that mountain that has a little cloud inside image" Elder Brother sang the following song, telling the people that the mountain they saw was Raven Mountain (Hawantohak).[p] The whole crowd said to themselves, "That is Raven Mountain," and it is called by that name to this day.

Here we are on our way and see the distant mountain.
See, the mountain far away from us that has the cloud
     is Raven Mountain.


A mountain at each of the cardinal points was named from some circumstance on the journey. When they were journeying in the north a man had his lunch in a frog skin and threw it away on a mountain which is called Frog Mountain to this day.[23] When they were in the west they named the mountains "Crooked Mountains." When they were in the south a man killed a big bird, cut off the head, and left it there. This mountain is still called Head Mountain. A mountain to the east of the present site of Tucson was named Turkeyneck Mountain.[24] One of the men cut the skin from around the neck of a turkey, turned it inside out, and put his lunch in it. He finished his lunch when on this mountain and threw away the skin of the turkey neck, from which the mountain was named.

A beautiful picture of the multitude is suggested by the words of the following song. The people were looking for a good camping place. Some favored one place, and the others said, "Come, we have found a better place," so they swayed from place to place. Elder Brother looked upon the swaying crowd, and in a song he told them what they resembled.

Downy white feathers are moving beneath the sunset
     and along the edge of the world.
(Densmore 1929: 25–27)


previous sub-section
Part 9— The Conquest until Buzzard
next sub-section