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Index

(Figures in italics refer to major discussion of the indicated topic.)

A

Abyssinia, see Ethiopia

Accra, 252 –253, 254

Acculturation, 21 , 37 , 38 –52, 69 , 95 , 108 , 123 , 124 , 150 , 157 , 206 , 212 –213, 225–236 , 276 –277

Act of Parliament, 84 –85, 125 –132 ;

Apprenticeship, 127 ;

Arms and Ammunition, 126 ;

Asiatic Land Tenure and Indian Representation, 127 ;

Bantu Authorities, 129 ;

Bantu Education, 85 , 130 ;

Bantu Law Amendment, 193 –194;

Criminal Law Amendment, 85 , 130 ;

Extension of University Education, 85 , 129 ;

Franchise Laws Amendment, 126 ;

General Law Amendment, 131 ;

"Ghetto," 127 , 161 ;

Group Areas, 85 , 128 , 152 ;

High Court of Parliament, 128 ;

Immorality, 55 , 126 , 128 ;

Industrial Conciliation, 126 ;

Masters and Servants Amendment, 126 ;

Mines and Works, 125 , 126 , 196 ;

Nationality and Flag, 102 ;

Native Administration, 126 , 129 ;

Native Building Workers, 129 ;

Native Labour (Settlement of Disputes), 129 ;

Native Land, 31 , 125 ;

Native Representation, 126 ;

Native Service Contract, 126 ;

Native Urban Areas, 125 ;

Native (Urban Areas) Amendment, 126 , 129 ;

Native Urban Areas Consolidation, 127 ;

Native Trust and Land, 31 , 126 ;

"No Trial," 85 , 132 ;

"Pegging," 127 ;

Population Registration, 56 , 85 , 129 ;

Prohibition of Mixed Marriages, 55 , 85 , 127 ;

Promotion of Bantu Self-Government, 85 , 144 ;

Public Safety, 84n, 85 , 131 , 138 ;

Reservation of Separate Amenities, 58 , 128 ;

Riotous Assemblies, 85 ;

"Sabotage," 85 , 131 , 162 ;

Separate Representation of Voters, 127 ;

South Africa, 73 –75, 248 ;

Suppression of Communism, 84n, 85 , 130 ;

Trading and Occupation of Land Restriction, 127 ;

Transvaal Law of 1885, 127 ;

Unlawful Organizations, 85 , 131 ;

Women Enfranchisement, 126

Addis Ababa, 253

African National Congress, see Congress Movement

African Personality, 235

Africans, 10 , 12 , 19 , 22 , 30 , 31 , 36n, 40 , 45 –52, 53 –59, 67 –72, 73 , 76 –77, 98 –100, 110–154 , 155 –157, 165 –170, 176 –182, 184 –189, 190 –195, 201 –202, 219 –224, 230 –237,


360

274 –277, 280 ;

Ndebele, 31 ;

Pondo, 156 , 162 ;

Sotho, 31 , 46 ;

Xhosa, 34 , 46 , 52 , 156 , 277 ;

Zulu, 30 , 31 , 32 , 36n, 46 , 52 , 157 , 161 , 220 , 227

Afrikaans, 19 , 34 , 39 , 40 –41, 59 , 61 , 98 , 102 , 105 , 108 , 115 , 226 n

Afrikaners, see Whites

Agar-Hamilton, J. A. I., 8n

Agriculture (see also Economy), 31 , 50 , 87 , 91 , 186 –189, 214 , 220 –221

"Albinocracy," 264 , 273

Algeria, 253 , 254 , 255 , 258

All-Africa People's Conference, 252 –253

All-African Convention, 179 –180, 210

Allport, Gordon W., 218 n

Anglo-American Corporation, 92 n, 107

Anglo-Boer wars, 28 , 32 , 33 , 81 n, 88 , 100 , 101 , 105

Angola, 250 , 258 , 263

Apartheid (see also Discrimination and Segregation), 21 , 57 –58, 71 , 75 –86, 106 , 110 , 115–154 , 193 –197, 200 –202, 247 –262, 268 , 274

"Apprenticeship System," 29

Arlow, N. J. J., 84 n, 135

Arms and Ammunition Act, see Act

Army, South African, see Defence Force

Ascription, Status, 4 , 55 , 228 , 236

Asians, see Indians, Chinese, Japanese

Asiatic Affairs, Department of, 76

Asiatic Land Tenure and Indian Representation Act, see Act

Attitudes (see also Prejudice, racial), cultural, 44 –45;

political, 160 –161;

racial, 41 , 141 –144, 160 , 167 , 171 , 178 , 221–224 , 241 –245;

religious, 45

Australia, 62

B

Balandier, Georges, 265 n

Bantu, see Africans

Bantu, use of term, 10 , 54 , 116 , 225 , 231

Bantu Administration and Development, Department of, 76–77 , 121 , 193

Bantu Authorities Act, see Act

Bantu Education, Department of (see also Education), 76 –77

Bantu Education Act, see Act

Bantu languages, see Languages

Bantustans, 34 , 48 –49, 75 , 77 , 82 , 118 , 120 , 129 , 144–149 , 152 , 201 , 234 , 235 , 269

Barrow, John, 8 n

"Bastards," 25 , 42

Bastide, Roger, 20

Basuto, see Africans, Sotho

Basutoland, see High Commission Territories

Bechuanaland, see High Commission Territories

Belgium, 136 , 259

Benoni, 93

Benson, Mary, 158 n

Biesheuvel, S., 218 n

Black Circuit, 27 , 101

Black Sash, 242

Bloemfontein, 74 , 93 , 162

Blood River, 30

Bloom, Leonard, 218n

Boeke, J. H., 183n, 269

Boer Republics, 29–34 , 74 , 79 , 88 , 101 , 105 , 125 , 279

Boer wars, see Anglo-Boer wars

Boers, see Whites, Afrikaners

Bohannan, Paul, 183n, 184n, 198n

Botha, C. G., 8n

Botha, Louis, 101 , 102

Boulenger, Jacques, 8n, 23n

Boycotts, 159 , 162 , 164 , 199 , 251 , 254

Braithwaite, Lloyd, 269

Brazil, 20


361

Britain, see Great Britain

Broederbond,104 , 173 –174, 208

Brookes, Edgar H., 6n

Budget, South African, 137

Bunga, 148

Busakwe, N. J., 147

Bushmen, 24 –26, 38 , 40

C

Cairo, 253 , 254

Calvin, 237 , 240

Calvocoressi, Peter, 247 n, 261 n

Cameroon, 253

Campbell, John, 8 n, 17

Canada, 62 , 90

Cape Colony and Province, 25 , 32 –36, 39 , 42 , 56 , 74 –75, 88 , 99 , 104 , 196 , 225 , 240 ;

Eastern, 9 , 26 , 61 , 100 , 188 ;

Western, 15 , 20 , 21 , 236

Cape Coloureds, see Coloureds

Cape Liberalism, see Liberalism

Cape Town, 8 , 13 , 15 , 16 , 17 , 22 , 39 , 40 , 50 , 74 , 88 , 91 , 93 , 162 , 214 , 221 n, 230 n, 249

Cape Town, University of, see Universities

Capitalism (see also Economy), 15 , 87 , 94 –96, 205

Carnarvon, Lord, 32

Carter, Gwendolen M., 6n, 97n, 125n, 144n, 172n

Casablanca, 253

Caste, see Stratification

Cattle, 22 , 23 , 24 , 186 , 219 –220

Censorship, 78 , 85 , 105

Central African Federation (see also Rhodesia), 33 , 86

Chamber of Mines, 92n, 107 , 192 , 194

Change, social, 7 , 78 –79, 84 , 86 , 89 –91, 94 –96, 107 , 150 –151, 194 –195, 211 –216, 245 –246, 273 , 276281

Chapman, James, 8 n

Chiefs, African, 48 –49, 76 , 83 , 147 , 149 , 210 , 227 , 236

Chinese, 32 , 253 n, 255

Christians, see Churches

Churches, Christian, 6 , 14 –15, 26 –27, 41 –43, 45 –46, 59 , 61 , 68 –69, 105 –106, 230 –232, 233 , 235236 , 237 , 242 ;

African Separatist, 45 , 52 , 156 –157, 232 ;

Anglican, 106 , 139 , 174 , 193 , 194 , 226 n, 243 ;

Catholic, 105 –106, 174 , 226 n, 231 , 243 ;

Dutch Reformed, 14 –15, 41 , 59 , 104 , 174 , 225226 , 242 , 257 ;

"Ethiopian," 156 n;

Lutheran, 226 n;

Methodist, 226 n;

Shembe, 157 ;

"Zionist," 52 , 70 , 156 , 276

Churchill, Winston, 36 n

Ciskei, 188

"Civilized Labour Policy," 108

"Civilizing Mission," 10

Class, social, see Stratification

Colonialism, 10 , 12 , 73 –74, 101 , 111 , 189 , 249 , 252 , 258 –259

Colour bar, see Segregation and Apartheid

Coloured Affairs, Department of, 76 , 151

Coloured Legislative Council, 151

Coloured People's Organization, see Congress Movement

Coloureds, 19 , 21 , 26 , 39 –42, 47 , 5359 , 64 –65, 75 –77, 84 , 99 , 103 , 117 , 126 –128, 151 , 153 –154, 160 , 168 –169, 170 , 184 , 196 , 211 , 226n, 228 –229, 231 , 233 , 236 , 240 , 242 –243, 263 , 269 , 272

Commando, Boer, 22 –24, 81 ;

Rifle, 136 –137

Commerce (see also Economy), 60 , 67 , 70 –71, 91

Commonwealth of Nations, 33 , 102 , 170 , 248 –249, 260

Communism, see Party

Comte, Auguste, 274


362

Concubinage, interracial, see Miscegenation

Conflict (see also Opposition), 6 , 7 , 16 , 37 , 94 , 148 , 150 , 155 –182, 191 , 213 , 267 , 273 , 278 –280;

African-White, 6 , 24 –26, 94 , 97 , 100 , 155169 , 176 –182, 209 –210, 267 ;

Afrikaner-English, 6 , 26 –37, 97 –109, 155 , 169176, 207209 , 267 ;

value, 6 , 217246

Congo (Léopoldville), 86 , 258 , 259

Congress of Democrats, see Congress Movement

Congress Movement, 99 –100, 158 , 164 , 165 , 175 , 176178 , 181 , 209 , 258 n;

African National Congress, 48 , 159 , 161 –163, 167 , 176 –178, 209 , 210 , 263 ;

Coloured People's Organization, 176 ;

Congress of Democrats, 176 –178, 244 ;

Natal Indian Congress, 161 ;

South African Congress of Trade Unions, 176 ;

South African Indian Congress, 176 –178;

Youth League, 40

Consensus, 4 , 216 , 217 –218, 266 –267, 275

Coolie, use of term, 32 , 119 , 142

Cotton, Walter A., 113 n

Cox, O. C., 52 n

Crime, 134 –135, 137 –138

Criminal Law Amendment Act, see Act

Cryns, A. G. J., 15

"Cultural pride," 44 –45

"Cultural shame," 51 , 232

Culture (see also Acculturation), 38 –52, 108 , 111 , 122 , 212 ;

"Coloured culture," 41 –42;

heterogeneity of, 38 , 212 , 218225 , 268

Culture contact, see Acculturation

D

Dahomey, 253

Dahrendorf, Ralf, 265 n, 266 n

Dalton, George, 183 n, 194 n, 198 n

Damberger, F., 8 n

Danziger, K., 12 , 218 n

Dar-es-Salaam, 254

Davies, Allison W., 52 n

Dean, Patrick, 261

De Blank, Joost, 243

De Briey, P., 188 n, 198 n

Decolonization, 7 , 258 –259

Defence Force, 63 , 77 –78, 136 –137

De Gaulle, Charles, 259

Dehérain, Henri, 8 n, 16 n

De Kiewiet, C. W., 6 n, 8 n, 13 , 14 n, 87 n

De Kock, Victor, 8 n, 87 n, 88 n, 222 n, 229 n

De la Caille, Nicolas, 230 n

Determinism, 5 , 278

De Tocqueville, Alexis, 270

"Detribalization," see Acculturation and Urbanization

De Wet Nel, M. D. C., 117 , 124 , 146

Dialectic, Hegelian, 4 , 97 , 230 , 235 , 246 , 265 –266, 273 –274, 278281

Dichotomization, racial, 238 –239, 245

Discrimination, racial, 51 , 54 –59, 71 , 7586 , 106 , 110 , 112 , 125154 , 190 , 196 , 212 , 224 –225, 229 , 237 –244, 254

Disorganization, social, 49 , 68

Dollard, John, 52

Domination, see Supremacy

Downey, Ken, 271 n

Drakensberg, 30

Du Plessis, J. C., 90 n

Du Plessis, L. J., 122

Durban, 30 , 32 , 39 , 50 , 88 , 91 , 93 , 135 , 161 , 162 , 214 , 227 n, 258 n

Durkheim, Emile, 272 , 274

Dutch, 14 , 18 , 19 , 26 , 34 , 38 , 102 , 108 , 222 n

Dutch East India Company, 13 , 14 , 16 , 18 , 21

Dutch East Indies, 38 , 40


363

Dvorin, E. P., 116 n, 121 n, 124 n, 125 n

E

East London, 93 , 162

Economy, South African (see also Agriculture, Commerce, Industry, Mining), 6 , 50 , 86 –96, 183216;

capital, 202 –203;

depression, 89 , 92 –93, 185 ;

Gross National Product, 86 ;

investments, 93 –94, 202 –203, 261 ;

labour, 185 , 189195 , 197 , 202 , 215 ;

money, 49 , 185 , 222 ;

national income, 90 , 91 , 184 ;

"Non-White," 50 , 185 –186;

productivity, 191 –193, 198 , 201 ;

subsubsistence, 91 , 92 , 185 –189, 199 ;

trade, foreign, 93 , 203 , 261 ;

wages, 193 , 197 –198, 201 , 222 –223;

"White," 50 , 67 , 185 –186

Education, 9 , 43 , 45 –47, 54 , 55 , 58 , 65 , 67 , 68 , 70 , 105 , 124 , 129 –130, 202 , 213 , 230 , 231 , 279

Edwards, Isobel E., 8 n, 16 n

Egypt, 28 , 253 , 255 , 258 n

Eiselen, W. W. M., 118

Embargo, see International sanctions

Endogamy, see Marriage

English language, 39 , 41 , 42 –43, 44 , 46 , 59 , 61 , 67 , 206 , 226 n

English-speaking South Africans, see Whites

Equilibrium, 212 , 216 , 272 –273

Erosion of soil, 188

Ethiopia, 252 , 253

Ethnocentrism, 111 , 225

Etiquette of race relations, 19 , 142 , 234 , 275

Europeans, see Whites

Evans-Pritchard, E. E., 281

Exports, see Economy: trade, foreign

Extension of University Education Act, see Act

F

Family, see Kinship and Marriage

Fascism, 78 –86

Feit, Edward, 158 n

Field work, 7 , 9

Fiftieth Ordinance, 27 , 29 , 101

Foreign trade, see Economy

Fouche, J. J., 137

France, 74 , 136 , 251 , 258 –260

Franchise, 27 , 28 , 35 , 37 , 58 , 75 , 83 , 84 , 103 , 128 , 146147 , 149 , 151 –152, 160 , 171 , 173

Franchise Laws Amendment Act, see Act

Franco, Francisco, 79

Franklin, N. N., 6 n, 90 n

Freedom, loss of, see Totalitarianism

Freedom Charter, 180

French, 39 , 235

French Equatorial Africa, 259

French Somaliland, see Somalia

French West Africa, 259

Freyre, Gilberto, 20

Functionalism, 4 , 216 , 217 , 265266 , 271 , 272 , 274 , 278 , 281

Furnivall, J. S., 183 n, 269

G

Gabon, 86

Gaika, 155

Gandhi, Mohandas K., 99 , 158 , 161 , 167 , 177

Gandhi Strike, 161

Gardiner, B. B. and M. R., 52 n

General Law Amendment Act, see Act

Geneva, 15

Germans, 11 , 18 , 39 , 59 , 79 –80, 93 , 95 , 252 , 254

Germiston, 93

Ghana, 70 , 86 , 253 , 255 , 259

"Ghetto" Act, see Act

Gillespie, J. M., 218 n

Gluckman, Max, 220 n, 265 n, 272

Gold Coast, see Ghana

Good Hope, Cape of, see Cape Town

Governor General, 74

Graaff-Reinet Rebellion, 29


364

Great Britain, 11 , 14 , 23 , 26 –37, 73 –75, 90 , 93 , 101 , 102 , 136 , 203 , 248 –249, 251 , 254 , 258 –262

Great Fish River, 25

Great Trek, see Trek

Greeks, 39

Griqua, 42

Group Areas Act, See Act

Guinea, 253

Gujarati, see Languages, Indian

H

Hartmann, Heinz, 60 n, 61 n, 94 n, 109 n, 187 n, 197 n, 203 n

Hattersley, Alan F., 8 n

Havenga, N. C., 103 , 104 n

"Heathens," see Religion, indigenous

Hegel, G. W. F., 265 –266, 278

Hellmann, Ellen, 6n, 119 n, 125 n

"Herrenvolk egalitarianism," 29 , 64 , 75 , 80 , 86 , 241 n, 269 , 279

Hertzog, Albert, 207

Hertzog, J. B. M., 42 , 102 –103, 125 –127, 151 , 170 , 204

Heterogeneity, cultural, see Culture

High Commission Territories, 31 , 33 –34, 190 , 248 , 250 , 261 ;

Basutoland, 31 , 33 , 101 , 248 ;

Bechuanaland, 31 , 34 , 248 ;

Swaziland, 31 , 33 , 248

High Court of Parliament Act, see Act

Hindi, see Languages, Indian

Hindus, 43 –44, 66 –67

Hitler, Adolf, 79 , 95 , 253 n

Hofmeyr, J. H., 143

Holland, see Dutch

Horrell, Muriel, 6 n, 41 n, 43 n, 46 n, 47 n, 62 n, 118 n, 121 n, 124 n, 125 n, 130 n, 138 n, 139 n, 140 n, 165 n, 191 n, 194 n, 195 n, 226 n

Horwitz, Ralph, 118n

Hotnot, use of term, 29 , 142

Hottentots, 16 , 19 , 22 –25, 38 , 40 , 41 , 221 n, 222 n, 229 n

Huguentos, see French

Hunter, Monica, 6 n, 45 n

Hurley, Denis, 243

Hutt, W. H., 91 n

I

Illegitimacy, see Disorganization, social

Immorality Act, see Act

Imperialism, see Colonialism

Imports, see Economy: trade, foreign

Indenture, 66 –67

India, 87 , 119 , 248 , 250

Indians, "passenger," 53 , 55 –56, 129 ;

South African, 31 –32, 42 –45, 47 , 54 –55, 59 , 6567, 7577 , 99 , 117 , 119 , 127 , 128 , 152 –154, 165n, 167 , 168 –169, 178 , 184 , 195 , 201 , 211 , 223 , 230 , 263 , 269 , 275

Indonesia, see Dutch East Indies

Industrial and Commercial Workers' Union (ICU), 159

Industrial Conciliation Act, see Act

Industry (see also Economy), 8993 , 145 , 202 , 211 –212;

secondary, 37 , 49 , 50 , 89 –90, 95 , 190 , 214 –215;

sugar, 31 , 49 , 190

Inequality of status, see Stratification

Influx control (see also Migratory labour and Urbanization), 50 , 132 , 193 –194

Integration, 274 –275

Intermarriage, racial, see Miscegenation

International Commission of Jurists, 254

International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU), 254

International Court of Justice, 252

International Federation of Football Associations, 254

International Labour Conference, 254

International relations, 94 , 247 –262

International sanctions, 94 , 137 , 203 , 243n, 247262


365

Iron and Steel Corporation (ISCOR), 105

Islam, see Muslims

Italians, 39 , 79 , 80 , 136

Ivory, Coast, 86

J

Jabavu, D. D. T., 180 , 233

Jabavu, Noni, 232 n

Jameson Raid, 33 , 101

Japanese, 253

Jesus Christ, 43

Jews, see Whites

"Jim Crow," 266

"Job reservation," 196

Johannesburg, 32 , 39 , 70 , 88 , 91 , 93 , 138 , 164 , 195 , 214

Justice, administration of, 76 , 83 –84, 128 –129, 133 –135, 163 , 227

K

Kadalie, Clements, 159

Kaffir, use of term, 10 , 29 , 68 , 80 , 142

"Kaffir beer," 136

"Kaffir wars," 11 , 23 , 99

Karis, Thomas, 98 , 205n

Karoo, 93 , 214

Kenya, 86 , 253

Kimberley, 32 , 87 , 88 , 93 , 101

Kinship structure, 44 , 68

"Kitchen Kaffir," 46

Kluckhohn, Clyde, 271

Kluckhohn, Florence, 271

Knapp-Fisher, Edward, 193

Kolben, Peter, 8 n, 222 n, 223 n

Kokot, D. F., 188

Krishna, 43

Kruger National Park, 115 n

Kuper, Hilda, 6 n, 44 n, 66 n, 141 n

Kuper, Leo, 6 n, 60 n, 72 n, 123 n, 130 n, 140 n, 158 n, 162 n, 269 , 270 n

L

Labour Party, see Party, political

Labour unions, see Trade unions

Land and Agriculture Bank, 187

Land use and tenure, 30 , 31 , 57 , 58 , 59 , 71 , 133 , 186189 , 219 , 268

Languages, 34 ;

African, 34 , 46 , 6768 , 227 , 232 , 234 ;

European, 34 , 39 –41, 43 , 46 , 51 , 59 , 6162 ;

Indian, 4243 , 66

Latin America (see also Brazil), 41 , 79

Latrobe, C. I., 8 n

Law (see also Act and Justice), English Common, 83 , 84 n;

"Native Law and Custom," 49 , 76 , 227 ;

Roman-Dutch, 22 , 83

League of Nations, 74 , 252

Leibbrandt, H. C. V., 8 n

Léopoldville, 259

Lévi-Strauss, Claude, 281

Liberal Party, see Party, political

Liberalism, 12 , 21 , 26 , 3334 , 57 , 82 , 115 , 143 , 171 , 176 , 237 –238, 243 –244, 257

Liberatory movements, see Opposition, Congress Movement, Non-European Unity Movement, and Pan-African Congress

Liberia, 252 , 253

Libya, 253

Lichtenstein, Henry, 8 n, 16 , 17 n

Lincoln, Abraham, 11 n

Liquor Act, see Act

Lobola , see Marriage

"Locations," 9 , 76 , 137 , 140 , 195 , 201

London, 249 , 254

London Missionary Society, 26 –27, 230

Lorenzo Marques, 32 , 259 n

Louw, Eric, 256 n

Louw, M. S., 94

Lugard, Lord, 145

Luthuli, Albert, 48 , 158 n, 166 n, 177 , 186 n, 191 n, 232 n, 247 , 257

M

MacCrone, I. D., 6 n, 14 n, 97 n, 141 n, 221 n

Macmillan, Harold, 249


366

Macmillan, W. M., 29 n, 97 n

Madagascar, 14 , 19 , 40 , 259

Mahlaba, Raymond, 177

Majuba, 32

Malagasy, see Madagascar

Malan, D. F., 37 , 81 , 102104 , 119 , 121 , 123 , 124

Malawi, see Nyasaland

Malays, 19 , 39 , 40 , 41 , 64

Mali, 253

Malinowski, B., 272 , 278

Mandates, 74 , 252

Mandela, Nelson, 163 –164, 177

Mann, Jack W., 218n

Mansbergh, Nicholas, 35 –36n

Marais, J. S., 6 n, 8 n, 16 n, 25 n, 230 n

Maree, W. A., 153

Marquard, Leo, 4 n, 6 n, 74 n, 97 n, 104 n, 125 n, 187 n

Marriage, 49 , 51 , 53 , 55 , 65 , 66 , 191 , 219 , 223 , 228 , 276

Marx, Karl, 15 , 62 , 63 , 179 , 206 , 210 , 233 , 266 , 267 , 268 , 278 , 280

Masters and Servants Amendment Act, see Act

Matanzima, Kaiser, 147 , 149

Matthews, Joe, 177 , 237

Matthews, Z. K., 177 , 237

Mauritania, 253

Mauritians, see French

Mauss, Marcel, 270

Mayer, Philip, 45 n, 49 n, 68 n, 232 n, 275 , 277

Mentzel, D. F., 8 n, 17 , 18 n

Merton, Robert, 272

Methodology, 7 –9

Migration, population, 25 , 26 , 133 , 201

Migratory labour, 49 , 107 , 133 , 189194 , 279 –280

Miller, Edna, 66 n

Mines and Works Act, see Act

Mining (see also Economy), 49n, 8789 , 92 –93, 95 , 190 , 192 –193;

coal, 89 , 214 ;

diamonds, 32 , 87 , 190 , 214 ;

gold, 32 , 87 –88, 92 –93, 192 –193, 214

Miscegenation, 9 , 14 , 1719, 4042 , 53 , 55 , 123 , 127 –128, 228 , 229 n

Missions, see Churches, Christian

Mitchell, Clyde, 275

Modise, Joe, 177

Monrovia, 253

Moslems, see Muslims

Mozambique, 14 , 190 , 250 , 263

Mphahlele, Ezekiel, 176 , 232 n, 235

Mulatto, see Miscegenation and Coloureds

Muslims, 39 –40, 43 –44, 64 –66

Mussolini, Benito, 79

Myrdal, Gunnar, 52 , 237

N

Namaqua, 42

Natal, Province of, 9 , 30 –31, 42 , 48 , 49 n, 61 , 7476 , 88 , 100 , 101 , 125 , 127 , 190

Natal, University of, see Universities

Natal Indian Congress, see Congress Movement

Natal Indian Organization, 179

National Indian Council, 153

National Liberation Committee, 162 –163

National Socialism, 80 –81

Nationalism (see also Party, political, and Congress Movement), African, 151 , 182 , 209 , 234 , 255 , 279 ;

Afrikaner, 28 , 182 , 209 , 279

Nationalist Party, see Party, political

Native, use of term, 10 , 54 , 68 , 82 , 194 , 201 , 224 , 239

Native Administration Amendment Act, see Act

Native Advisory Boards, 76 , 180

Native Building Workers Act, see Act

Native Commissioners, 76 , 227

Native Labour (settlement of Disputes) Act, see Act

Native Land Act, see Act


367

"Native Law and Custom," see Law

"Native policy," 6 , 11 , 31 , 48 , 75 –77, 98 , 100 , 106 , 110154

Native Representation Act, see Act

"Native Reserves," 9 , 31 , 50 , 59 , 76 , 91 , 93 , 116 , 120 , 125 , 129 , 145 , 184 , 187190,193 , 195 , 201 , 202 , 211 , 220

Native Service Contract Act, see Act

Native Trust and Land Act, see Act

Native Urban Areas Act, see Act

Natives, see Africans

Natives' representatives, 103

Natives (Urban Areas) Amendment Act, see Act

Nativism, see Revivalism

Ndebele, see Africans

Négritude,235

Negroes, American, 41 , 53 , 160 , 237 , 240 , 258

Neumark, S. Daniel, 8n, 22

New Order, 80 –81, 102

Newspapers, see Press

New York, 254

Ngubane, Jordan, 149n, 158n

Niger, 253

Nigeria, 47 , 70 , 86 , 253

Nobel Prize, 247 , 257

Non-European Unity Movement, 179

Non-Whites (see also Africans, Coloureds, and Indians), 35 , 54 –59, 75 –78, 110 , 119 , 131 , 134 –136, 141 –144, 155169,176 –182, 196 –200

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), 258 –261

"No Trial" Act, see Act

Nyasaland, 190

O

Objectivity, 9 –12

Occupations, 16 , 22 , 50 –51, 54 , 60 , 62 –64, 67 , 69 –71, 108 –109, 125 –127, 143 , 196 –197

Olympic Games, 254

Oppenheimer, Harry, 242

Opposition, foreign, 247 –262

Opposition, internal, 9 , 16 , 155 –182, 199 , 274 ;

Parliamentary, 84 –85, 105 –107, 169175;

extra-Parliamentary, 70 , 73 , 78 , 84 –86, 99 –100, 106 –107, 140 –141, 146 , 150 –151, 155169, 175182,199 , 274

Oppression, see Supremacy, White

Orange Free State, 9 , 30 , 31 , 32 , 34 , 37 , 58 , 74 , 88 , 89 , 104 , 127 , 195

Orange River, 25 , 30 , 42

Ossewa-Brandwag,80 –81, 102

P

Paarl, 8 , 16

Padilla, Elena, 270

Pakistan, 248 , 250

Pan-African Congress, 149 , 159 , 162 , 167 , 168 , 178 –179, 209 , 232 , 263 , 279

Panchayat, 44

"Parallel Development," see Apartheid

"Parasitism," 71

Parliament, act of, see Act of Parliament; British, 74 –75;

South African, 34 , 58 , 74 –75, 77 , 98 , 103105,106 , 116 , 118 , 124 , 127 –128, 143 , 152 , 163 , 169 –173, 175

Parsons, Talcott, 217 , 267 , 271 , 274

Particularism, ethnic, 49 , 234 , 280

Party, political:

Afrikaner, 102 –103;

Communist, 82 , 106 , 131 , 159 , 175 , 177 , 178 , 205 , 243 ;

Conservative, 36n;

Labour, 36n, 100 , 102 –103, 204 –205;

Liberal, 33 , 36n, 106 , 159 , 175 , 180 , 181 , 243 ;

National Union, 169 , 172 ;

Nationalist, 37 , 60 , 7882,85 –86, 102 –107, 117 –123, 125154,160 , 169 –170, 172 –174, 180 , 194 , 204 –209, 234 , 241 –242, 249 ;

Progressive, 61 , 98 , 169 , 171173,175 , 180 , 205 –209, 242 , 256n;

South African, 102 ;

United, 61 , 86 , 98 ,


368

102 –105, 127 , 131 –132, 148 , 152 , 169174,181 , 204 –209, 241 , 256

"Pass laws," 58 , 59 , 132133, 137138,162 , 193 –194

"Passenger" Indians, 66 –67

"Passing," 53 , 55 –56, 129

Passive resistance (see also Opposition), 140 , 158 , 162 , 164 –165, 199

Paternalistic type of race relations, 1421,24 , 34 , 111115,121 , 142 , 150 –151, 273

Paterson, William, 8 n

Paton, Alan, 5 n, 29 n, 141 n, 243

Patterson, Sheila, 6 n, 60 n, 62 n, 97 n, 107 n

"Pegging" Act, see Act

Percival, Robert, 8 n

Perón, Juan, 81

Pettigrew, Thomas F., 141 n

Philip, John, 27

Pienaar, S., 116 n

Pietermaritzburg, 162

Pistorius, P. V., 116 n

Pluralism, 183 , 218 , 224 , 267 –272, 277

Police, South African, 9 , 77 –78, 84 , 85 , 131 –133, 137141,161 –162, 164 , 166 –168, 193 , 202 , 210 , 244

Politics, 9 , 100 ;

Non-White, 97 , 155169, 176182;

White, 97 , 169175

Poll-Tax rebellion, 52 , 156

"Poor Whites," see Stratification, class, social

Population Registration Act, see Act

Poqo , 162 –163

Port Elizabeth, 50 , 93 , 162

Portugal, 12 , 13 , 225 , 247 , 251 , 253 , 254 , 255 , 258 –259, 262

Poto, Victor, 147 , 149

Poverty, 50 , 68 –70, 91 , 165 , 187 –189, 199 , 274

Power, see Supremacy, White

Prejudice (see also Racism), class, 109 ;

ethnic, 108 –109, 167 ;

racial, 15 , 41 , 71 , 134 –135, 141144, 150154,167 , 190 , 221 –224, 237 –244

Press, 9 , 78 , 82 , 84 , 85 , 98 , 105 , 205 , 207208

Pretoria, 74 , 93 , 147 , 193 , 234 , 235

"Primitivism," 10 , 111 , 124 , 233

Prisons, 138 –139, 190 –191

Professions, see Occupations

Programme of Action, 180 , 211

Progressive Party, see Party, political

Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act, see Act

Promotion of Bantu Self-Government Act, see Act

Propaganda, 82

"Protestant Ethic," 221 , 223

Public Safety Act, see Act

Pyrah, G. B., 36n

R

Race, social definition of, 14 , 38 , 41 , 53 , 64 –65, 128 , 129 , 154 , 266

Race relations (see also Paternalistic type), 6 , 7 , 13 , 14 –21, 24 –25, 95 –96, 141144,262 , 272 , 273 , 275

Racism (see also Attitudes, Discrimination, Prejudice, and Stereotypes), 7 , 10 , 11 , 14 –15, 29 , 36 n, 37 , 65 , 80 , 84 , 95 –96, 100 , 121 –122, 134 –135, 141144, 149152,159 , 167 , 175 , 177 , 179 , 196 , 199 , 202 , 211 , 228 , 229 , 231 , 232 , 237244,256 , 257 , 266 , 267 , 279

Radcliffe-Brown, A. R., 278

Railways, 32 , 88 , 89 , 105 , 202

Rambiritch, Birbal, 44 n, 66 n

Record, Wilson, 11 n

Reeves, Ambrose, 140 n, 243

Religion (see also Churches, Hindus, and Muslims), 39 , 41 ;

indigenous, 45 ;

syncretism, 43 , 45

Republican referendum, 249


369

Reservation of Separate Amenities Act, see Act

Retief, Piet, 29

Revivalism, 45 , 155 –157, 225 –226, 231 , 234

Revolution, 12 , 181 , 210 , 262 –264

Reyburn, Lawrence, 71 n

Rhodes, Cecil, 28 , 33 , 35 , 101 , 112

Rhodesia, 190 , 250 , 255 , 263 , 266

Rhoodie, N. J., 116 n, 122 n

Rio de Oro, 259

Riotous Assemblies Act, see Act

Riots, 161 , 166 , 167

Rivonia Trial, 163 , 177

Roberts, Michael, 80 n, 102 n

Roman-Dutch law, see Law

Rwanda, 253

S

Sabotage (see also Opposition), 85 , 131 , 141 , 162164 , 199 , 254 , 263

"Sabotage" Act, see Act

Salazar, Antonio, 255 , 262

Sampson, A., 116 n, 139 n

Stayagraha , see Passive resistance

Schoeman, B. J., 118

Schools, see Education

Scott, Michael, 119 n, 139 , 191 n

Segregation, racial (see also Apartheid), 19 , 49 n, 51 , 57 –58, 71 , 110 , 112 , 113 , 115 –120, 125 –129, 143 –144, 171 , 178 , 200 –201, 213 , 238 , 244 , 262 ;

macro-segregation, 119 –120, 152 , 215 ;

meso-segregation, 119 –120, 152 -153;

microsegregation, 119 –120

Sénégal, 86 , 235 , 253

"Separate development," see Apartheid

Separate Representation of Voters Act, see Act

Separatist churches, see Churches, Christian

Sharpeville, 85n, 138 , 140 , 162 , 254 , 256 , 259

Shepstone, Theophilus, 31 , 125

Sierra Leone, 253

Sisulu, Walter, 163 , 177

Slavery, 14 , 1620 , 24 , 26 , 29 , 40 , 41 , 101 , 221 , 222 n, 230 , 240 n

Slovo, Joe, 177

Smith, M. G., 269 , 270

Smuts, Jan, 101 –103, 112115 , 123 , 127 , 142 , 152 , 204 , 250

Sofer, C., 222 n

Somalia, 259

Sonnabend, H., 222 n

Sotho, see Africans

South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC), 82

South African Bureau of Racial Affairs (SABRA), 116 , 174 , 242

South African Congress of Trade Unions, see Congress movement

South African Indian Congress, see Congress movement

South African Institute of Race Relations, 116 n, 125 n

South African Native Convention, 36 n

South African United Front, 254

Southern Rhodesia, see Rhodesia

South West Africa, 39 n, 74 , 252

Soviet Union, 11 , 255 , 258

Spain, 79 , 80 , 225 , 259

Sparrman, Andrew, 17 , 18 , 222 n, 229 n, 230 n

Spear of the Nation, 162 –163

Spooner, F. P., 50 , 184 n, 186 n

Sports, 254

Springs, 93

Standard of living (see also Poverty), 54 , 60 , 63 , 64 , 69 –70, 86 , 94 , 135 , 184185 , 198 , 234

Stanger, 48

State Information Office, 82

Statute of Westminster, 102

Steenkamp, Anna, 29 n

Stellenbosch, 8 , 174 n, 242


370

Stereotypes, 109 , 111 , 114 , 142 , 150 –152, 199 , 221 , 222n, 223 –224, 233 , 234

Stevenson, Adlai, 251

Steytler, Jan, 242

Stratification, social, 14 , 16 , 19 , 5272 , 95 , 112 , 280 ;

caste, Hindu, 9 , 66 ;

caste, racial, 19 –20, 5256 , 64 , 72 , 95 , 229 , 267 , 280 ;

class, social, 53 , 6072 , 108 –109, 204 –207, 210 –211, 236 , 267 , 280

Strikes, 101 –102, 161 , 165 , 205 , 274

Strodtbeck, Fred L., 271 n

Strydom, J. G., 104 , 117

Subversion, see Opposition

Sudan, 86 , 253

Sundkler, B. G. M., 6 n, 45 n, 156 n, 232 n, 277

Suppression of Communism Act, see Act

Supremacy, White, 6 , 10 , 19 , 36 n, 48 –49, 59 , 72 , 73 –86, 98 , 103 , 106 , 110 –111, 118 –119, 125 , 127 , 149 , 150154 , 173 , 213 , 230 , 241 , 249 , 257 , 262 , 271 , 279

Suzman, Helen, 242

Swart, C. R., 104 n

Swazi, see Africans

Swaziland, see High Commission Territories

Swellendam, 8 , 16

T

Tabata, I. B., 130 n

Tamil, see Languages, Indian

Tanganyika, 253

Taxation, 135 –136, 148 , 198 , 200 , 225

Telugu, see Languages, Indian

Theal, G., 6 n, 8 n

Thunberg, Charles P., 8 n

Tiryakian, Edward A., 15

Tomlinson Commission, 137 n, 201

Totalitarianism, 78 –86, 106 , 139132 , 150 –151, 256

Trade unions, 62 , 135 , 159 , 176 , 204 –205, 254

Trading and Occupation of Land Restriction Act, see Act

Transkei, 34 , 45 , 48 , 58 , 68 , 83 , 145149 , 232 , 236 , 256 n

Transkei General Council, 148

Transkeian Legislative Assembly, 58n, 147149

Transvaal, 9 , 2837 , 42 , 61 , 74 , 88 , 93 , 101 , 104 , 191

Trapido, Stanley, 60 n, 109 n, 187 n

Treason Trial, 84 n

Trek, 9 , 14 , 2126, 2830 , 87 , 99 , 101 , 219 , 241

Trekboer , 16 , 21 –26

"Tribalism," see Particularism, ethnic

Trollip, A. E. G., 80 n, 102 n

Trotsky, Leon, 179

Tso-tsi , 141

Tulbagh, 8 , 16

U

Uganda, 253

Uitlanders , see Whites

Umkonto we Sizwe , 162 –163

Union, Settlement of, 31 , 33 –37, 101 , 179 –180, 248

United Arab Republic, see Egypt

United Kingdom, see Great Britain

United Nations, 94 , 203 , 250 –252, 255 , 257 ;

Charter, 251 ;

General Assembly, 250 –251, 260 ;

Security Council, 251

United Party, see Party, political

United States, 11 , 20 , 52 , 53 , 62 , 80 , 90 , 93 , 95 , 129 n, 143 , 160 , 236 , 237 , 238 , 240 , 241 n, 245 , 258262 , 266 , 271

Universities, 6 , 9 , 63 , 104 , 105 , 106 , 129 , 174175 , 242 , 243

Unlawful Organizations Act, see Act

Upper Volta, 253

Urbanization, 32 , 37 , 4950 , 60 , 69 , 87 , 90 –91, 108 , 145 , 157 –158, 189 , 194 –195, 279


371

Urdu, see Languages, Indian

Uys, Stanley, 130 n

V

Vaillant, F., 8 n, 23

Values, 52 , 217 –246, 266

Van den Bergh, R. J., 167

Van den Berghe, Pierre L., 7 n, 14 n, 20 n, 44 n, 65 n, 66 n, 79 n, 112 n, 116 n, 141 n, 143 n, 206 n, 218 n, 225 n, 234 n, 265 n, 266 n, 275 n, 278 n, 281 n

Van der Merwe, W., 65 n

Van Jaarsveld, F. A., 28 n

Van Rensburg, Patrick, 244 n

Van Riebeeck, Jan, 13 , 221 n

Varna , see Stratification, caste, Hindu

Venter, H. J., 116 n, 122 n

Verwoerd, H. F., 85 n, 104 , 118 , 119 , 121 , 130 , 144146 , 148 , 174 , 259 n, 262

Vindex, 28 n

Vorster, Balthazar, 80 , 163

Voting, see Franchise

W

Walker, Eric A., 6 n, 8 n, 36 n

Walker, Oliver, 113 n, 135 n, 143 , 155 n

Warner, L., 52 , 72

Washington, Booker T., 233

Waterson, S. F., 148 n

Weber, Max, 14 n

Welch, Claude, 271 n

West Indies, 235

Western countries, 12 , 258 –262

Western culture, see Acculturation and Culture

Westernization, see Acculturation

Wheeldon, Philip, 194

Whites, 4 , 9 , 10 , 13 , 14 , 16 , 19 , 30 , 32 , 38 –39, 53 –64, 73 –80, 97 –109, 110 –113, 122 –123, 129 , 134 –135, 141 –144, 159 , 166 , 169 –175, 184 –189, 195 –200, 204 –209, 220 –233, 237 –246, 248 , 267 ;

Afrikaners, 12 , 15 , 22 –37, 39 , 42 , 59 –62, 74 , 80 , 87 , 97 –109, 116 , 122 –123, 169 –175, 197 , 204 –209, 219 , 230 , 234 , 237 , 242 –243, 248 , 267 ;

English-speaking South Africans, 26 , 39 , 42 , 59 –62, 74 , 80 , 92n, 97 –109, 169 –175, 204 –209, 237 , 243 , 248 , 267 ;

Jews, 39 , 59 , 61 , 62 ;

Uitlanders, 32 -33, 205

Witwatersrand, 32 , 50 , 87 , 88 , 93 , 161 , 162 , 214

Witwatersrand, University of the, see Universities

Women Enfranchisement Act, see Act

Wool, 87

World Council of Churches, 254

X

Xhosa, see Africans

Xuma, A. B., 177 , 180

Y

Yui Chi Chan Club, 163

Z

Zambia, see Rhodesia

Zionist churches, see Churches

Zulu, see Africans

Zululand, 68 , 272


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