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S

Sailors' Union of the Pacific, 79

St. Lords Blues (Murphy), 212

Salinger, Jehanne Bietry, 4

Salomé (film; Bara), 214

Salomé (film; Nazimova), 212 , 213 , 214 , 239 n.3

Salomé (play; Wilde), 212 , 213 , 214 , 239 n.3

Sample, Paul, 172

San Diego Academy of Art, 275

San Diego Academy of Fine Arts, 278

San Diego Art Association, 274

San Diego Art Guild, 276

San Diego Art Students' League, 275

San Diego Fine Arts Society, 279

San Diego Friends of Art, 277

San Diego Moderns, 281

San Diego Museum of Art (formerly Fine Arts Gallery of San Diego), 279

San Diego Society of Arts and Crafts, 276 , 280

Sand Lot Riots (Refregier), 80 , 81

San Francisco: abstract expressionism in, 42 , 67 n.80;

anxiety over World War II, 54 ;

longshoremen's strike (see Pacific Maritime Strike); sense of community, in, 195 -96;

versus Southern California, 160 . See also California School of Fine Arts

San Francisco (film; Van Dyke II), 218

San Francisco (painting; Beckmann), 115 -16

San Francisco Art Association, 277

San Francisco Artists' and Writers' Union, 73 , 105

San Francisco Chronicle , 105 , 255

San Francisco Examiner , 73 , 85

San Francisco Institute of Art (formerly Mark Hopkins Institute of Art, later California School of Fine Arts), 275

San Francisco Museum of Art, 42 , 108 , 182 , 278 , 282 ;

Art in Cinema festivals, 233 , 236 ;

Dynaton exhibition, 198 -200;

exhibitions of abstract expressionism, 114 -15;

founding of, 100

San Francisco Photo Salon, 274

San Francisco Society of Artists, 277

San Francisco Society of Women Artists, 160 , 279

Santa Barbara Art Club, 279

Santa Barbara Museum of Art, 284

Santa Barbara School of Fine Arts, 278

Santa Cruz Art League (formerly Jolly Daubers), 277

Santa Fe-style architecture, 141

Santa Monica Bay Art Association, 280

Sassoon, Siegfried, 45

Sausalito (Stauffacher), 235

Sawdust and Spangles (San Francisco Museum of Art), 64 n.39

Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design (San Francisco), 279

Scherer, Gordon, 84

Scheyer, Galka, 6 , 16 n.9, 100 -102, 101 , 103 , 226 ;

promotion of European avant-garde art, 249 , 267 n.7

Schiele, Egon, 171

Schindler, Rudolph M., 8 , 139 , 152 , 153 , 249 ;

Lovell Beach House (Newport Beach), 278

Schmidt-Rottluff, Karl, 111 -12

Schoelkopf, Alice, 113

Schoenberg, Arnold, 282

School of Design (Chicago), 112

School of Illustration and Painting (Los Angeles), 276

School of Mexican Painting, 129 , 130

Schwankovsky, Frederick, 13 , 236 -37;

Modern Music , 236 , 237

science: disillusionment with, 66 n.62;

and freedom, 33

scientism: aesthetics of, 32 ;

of modernism, 22 -27

Scripps College (Claremont), 280

Scripps House (La Jolla; Gill), 151

Scripps Recreation Center (La Jolla; Gill), 150

Scudder, Hubert, 69 , 79 -82, 83 , 84 , 86 , 89 -90n.2, 92 n.38

Sculptors' Guild of Southern California, 278

The Sea of Dreams (Newcombe), 214

Seated Man with Object (Oliveira), 117

Secessional Art Exhibition (San Francisco), 274

Second World War. See World War II

Section (Treasury Section of Painting and Sculpture), 74 -75, 85 , 91 n.18, 282


305

Seeley, Evelyn, 73 -74

self-consciousness, transcendental unit), of, 32

self-invention, 11 -12

Self-Portrait (Lundeberg), 176

Selz, Peter, 13

Selznick, David O., 214

Serisawa, Sueo, 173

Shahn, Ben, 122

Shakespearian, Equations (Man Ray), 193

Sharaku (Peterson), 238

Sheeler, Charles, 168 , 171

Sheets, Millard, 13 , 45 , 107 , 123 , 131 , 166 ;

Abandoned , 171 ;

Angel's Flight , 171

Shelley, John, 82 -83, 88

Sherman, William Tecumseh, 70

Sherwood, Robert E., 239 n.3

Shore, Henrietta, 169 -70, 276 ;

California Data , 170 ;

exhibition at Los Angeles Museum of History, Science and Art, 277 ;

Waterfall , 170

Sidereal Parturition (Merrild), 174 , 175

Siegrist, Louis, 6 ;

Oakland Quarry , 6

Sinclair, Upton, 70

Singal, Daniel Joseph, 21 , 36 n.3

Siqueiros, David Alfaro, 105 , 129 ;

influence on Los Angeles muralists, 134 ;

Olvera Street mural, 122 ;

on sociopolitical use of art, 132 , 134 ;

Tropical America , 106 -7, 130 , 132 , 282

Six Gallery, 203 , 209 n.67

683 Brockhurst gallery (Oakland), 251 , 256 , 264 -65;

"First Salon of Pure Photography" exhibition, 259

Slinkard, Rex, 13 , 26 , 161 -63, 275 ;

memorial exhibition at Los Angeles Museum of Art, 277 ;

Young Rivers (Riders) , 162

Sloan, John, 15 n.6

Sloun, Frank van, 275

Slow Swirl by the Edge of the Sea (Rothko), 208 n.64

Smith, Bertha H., 149

Smith, George Washington, 139

Smith, Harry, 233 , 234

Smith, Hassel, 55 , 56 , 57 , 65 n.51, 100 ;

The Communist Manifesto in Pictures , 285 ;

reactionary regionalism of, 62

Smith, Jack, 214

Smith, Mrs. George Washington, 130 -31

Smith, Tony, 238

Société Anonyme, 192

Society for Sanity in Art (San Francisco; formerly Society of Western Artists), 79 , 283

Society of Cinema Arts, 233

Society of Independent Artists (New York City), 124

Society of Mexican Artists, 124

Society of Six, 6 , 16 n.8, 100 , 278

Society of Western Artists (San Francisco; later Society for Sanity in Art), 79 , 283

The Soul of the Cypress (Murphy), 212

Sound Pendulum, 228 , 229

Southern California, 192 ;

artistic independence in, 158 -59;

isolation of, 166 ;

versus San Francisco, 160 . See also Los Angeles

Southern California Art Dealers' Association, 280

Southern California Art Project (Works Progress Administration), 43

Southern California Film Society, 240 n.19

South of Market Boys Association, 82

Southwest Museum (Los Angeles), 275

space and time fluidity, theme of, 196

Spanish Colonial revival in architecture, 139

Spanish Village Art Center (San Diego), 283

Speed, Joshua, 70

Speicher, Eugene, 112

Spohn, Clay, 11 , 64 nn.28, 31, 202 , 203 n.2;

as art instructor, 57 ;

Balloonic Uplifters , 50 ;

Bedroom Fluff , 53 ;

comedic talent of, 52 -53;

Fantastic War Machines and Guerragraphs , 45 , 50 -55, 63 n.25, 64 n.41;

Hover Machine , 50 , 51 ;

Mouse Seeds , 53 ;

Museum of Unknown and Little-Known Objects , 53 , 205 n.19;

Old Embryo , 53 ;

relationship with Duchamp, 205 n.19;

The Rolling Fort , 50 , 51 , 52 ;

Spy Detector , 50 ;

Tornado Machine , 50 ;

The Unsinkable Fort , 53 ;

Wake Up and Live , 54 -55;

Wind Machine , 52

Spy Detector (Spohn), 50

Stable Gallery (New York City), 16 n.14

Stackpole, Peter: Willard Van Dyke with View Camera , 265

Stackpole, Ralph, 99 -100;

Industries of California , 105

Stanley, George, 134

Starr, Kevin, 4

State Normal School of Manual Arts (Santa Barbara), 275

Stauffacher, Frank, 233 , 285 ;

Notes on the Port of St. Francis , 235 ;

Sausalito , 235

Stein, Michael and Sara, 108

Stendahl, Earl, 122 , 278

Stendahl Art Galleries (Los Angeles), 134 , 183 , 278

Stendahl (Earl) Prize, 127

Stern, Mrs. Sigmund, 122

Sternberg, Josef yon, 122

Sterne, Maurice, 100

Stich, Sidra, 52 , 205 n.28

Stickney Memorial Art School (Pasadena), 276

Stieglitz, Alfred, 165 , 251 , 256

Stijl, De, 193

Still, Clyfford, 42 , 114 , 286 ;

affirmative shift of, 66 n.67;

anticlassicism of, 57 -58;

antisurrealist sentiments of, 202 ;

as art instructor, 57 , 65 n.60;

exhibitions, 284 ;

political orientation of, 55 ;


306

Still, Clyfford (continued )

reactionary regionalism of, 62 ;

use of red and black by, 43

Stillman, George, 56

Stock Exchange Tower mural (Rivera), 103

Stone International Gallery (Monrovia), 279

A Stone That Dreamed (Onslow-Ford), 198 , 199

The Storm Tree (Brigman), 247

Strand, Paul, 251 , 267 n.10

Stravinsky, Igor, 283

Struss, Karl: In the Southland, Mt. Baldy, California , 246

Stryker, Roy, 244

stucco, 142 , 144 , 149

Sturtevant, Roger, 257 , 269 n.27

subjective classicism. See postsurrealism

subjectivity, 27 , 30 , 43

suffering, theme of, 48 -49, 58 , 61

Suicide (Hay and Robbins), 221 -22

Sunset Boulevard Art School (Los Angeles), 277

Sunset Boulevard at Everett Street (Baranceanu), 171

surrealism, 25 , 181 -209;

abstract, 196 ;

Arensberg collection, 183 , 204 n.5;

attitude toward women, 204 n.9;

dialectic of order and chaos, 193 , 195 , 205 n.28;

European influences on, 181 -83, 200 -201, 207 -8n.56;

exhibition in Mexico, 196 ;

in film, 200 -201, 207 -8n.56;

fortune or chance as theme in, 205 n.24, 206 n.41;

freedom as central to, 181 ;

French, 13 ;

and Freud, 196 , 223 ;

gallery exhibitions, 181 -82;

humanity as barbaric, view of, 52 ;

and individual imagination, 43 ;

lectures by Dalí, 194 ;

lectures by Lemaître, 194 ;

lectures by Man Ray, 194 ;

lectures by Onslow-Ford, 196 ;

leftist orientation of, 191 , 205 n.17;

the marvelous, 193 -94;

and mistrust of rationality, 33 ;

museum exhibitions, 182 , 203 n.2;

organic, 188 ;

Paris International Surrealist Exhibition , 196 ;

as political revolution, 203 -4n.3;

versus postsurrealism, 182 , 183 , 184 , 201 , 208 n.58;

reality versus fiction in, 192 . See also automatism

Swerling, Jo, 122 , 130

Swift, Henry, 254

synchromism, 8 , 167

Synchromism (Los Angeles Museum of History, Science and Art), 280

synchronization, 228

Syndicate of Painters, 127


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