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S

Sackville, Gordon, 392 , 460

Sadoul, Georges, 3 , 219 , 232 , 515 -16n.41

St. Louis Exposition. See Louisiana Purchase Exposition

St. Loup, Maurice George Winterbert, 454

Sampson, William Thomas, 181 -84

Sandow, Eugene, 39 -40, 41

San Francisco Call , 78

San Francisco Chronicle , 78 , 79 , 80

San Francisco Examiner , 77 , 78 , 79 , 80

Saroni, Gilbert, 167 -69, 169 , 173

Sawyer, Laura, 392 , 455 , 463 , 466 , 468 , 471

Sayles, John, 476

Schauffler, Alfred Theodore, 151 -52

Schermerhorn, John, 155

Schivelbusch, Wolfgang, 260 -61

Schley, Winfield Scott, 181 -83, 516 n.60

Schneider, Eberhard, 118 , 136 , 137 , 154 , 333 , 508 n.30

Schneider, Henry, 449

Schreyer, "Dare Devil," 191

Schulberg, Benjamin P., 466 , 468 , 469 , 548 n.8

Schulberg, Budd, 548 n.8

Screen direction, mismatches in, 351 . See also Editing

Screen practice: cinema reintegrated into, 100 ;

renewed focus on, 79 . See also Cinema; Illustrated lectures; Illustrated songs

Scull, George F., 438 , 439

Searchlight Theater, 185

The Secret of Success (illustrated lecture), 75

Self-reflexive elements in film, 169

Selig, William N., 249 , 262 , 289 , 328 ;

and film productions, 124 , 218 , 239 , 310 , 329 , 335 , 417 , 450 -51, 465 , 473 ;

and Motion Picture Patents Co., 439 , 442 ;

sued by Edison, 333 , 375 -76

Sennett, Mack, 259 , 307

Set design, 8 , 331 , 391 , 426 , 451 ;

miniatures, 331 , 331 , 342 ;

reliance on drops and simple flats, 150 , 171 , 190 , 242 ;

sets used for exteriors, 285 , 285 , 357 -59, 410 , 411 ;

theatrical foreshortening, 182 , 273 , 516 n.65;

three-dimensional sets, 200 ;

use of theatrical sets, 242 -43, 288 . See also Film production; Representational practices Space

Sexuality, 102 , 304 , 428 , 473

Shafter, General William Rufus, 131

Shakespeare, William, 304 , 395

Sharkey, Tom, 79

She (play), 22

Sheffield Photo Company, 253

Sights and Scenes in Europe (travel lecture), 23

Sigsbee, Captain Charles, 127

Silverman, Sime, 349 -50, 360 , 415 , 425

Simplex projector, 474 -75


575

Sinbad (melodrama), 89

Sklar, Robert, 3 , 254 , 427

Slavin, John C., 50

Slides. See Lantern slides

Smalley, Phillips, 461 , 463 , 465

Smith, Albert E., 93 , 439 ;

purchases projecting kinetoscope with J. Stuart Blackton, 93

Smith, Charles, 396

Smith, George Albert, 200 , 226 , 238 , 243 , 245 -46, 259 , 401 , 439 , 515 n.37;

on reasons to accept an Edison license (1907), 375

Smith, Jacob (James) Blair: as cameraman, 184 , 192 , 197 , 251 , 254 , 285 , 291 , 370 ;

hired by Edison, 178 ;

sent to Martinique, 208 ;

as technical expert and head of print production, 179 , 251

Sorelle, William, 392 , 455

The South Before the War (revue), 50

Southern Pacific Railway, 108 , 110

Space: constructed by relations between shots, 99 -100, 148 -49, 198 -200, 225 , 261 ;

off-screen, 211 , 225 . See also Editing; Point-of-view structures; Set design

Spanish-American War, 126 -37, 138 , 181 -84, 369 ;

and Dewey celebrations in New York, 140 -41

Special effects: dream balloons and visions, 174 , 200 -201, 203 , 205 , 223 -24, 412 , 412 ;

masks, 273 , 345 , 346 , 414 , 419 ;

mattes, 193 , 263 -64, 412 , 414 ;

optical reduction printing, 192 -93;

reverse motion, 176 ;

silhouettes, 419 -20, 461 ;

split-screen exposures, 192 -93, 341 , 342 ;

time-lapse photography, 186 , 187 . See also Trick films

Spectacle, 200 , 220 , 222 , 226 , 412 , 415

Spenser, Len, 399

Split-screen effects, 192 -193, 341 , 342

Spooner Stock Company, 383 , 392

Spoor, George K., 178 , 439 ;

and Association of Edison Licensees, 375 , 377 ;

forms Essanay, 329 ;

kinodrome exhibition service, 239 ;

and Motion Picture Patents Co., 442 . See also Essanay Film Manufacturing Company

Sportagraph projector. See American Sportagraph Company

Staiger, Janet, 6 , 161 , 449 , 529 n.159, 546 n.67

Standard Film Exchange, 382

Steiner, William, 310

Steppling, John, 455 , 466

Stereotypes:

—bad boy, 267 -72

—country rube, 165 , 167 , 172 , 209 -11, 274 , 289 , 307 , 419 , 422 -23

—ethnic groups, 21 , 50 ;

African Americans, 303 , 312 -14, 366 , 530 -31n.29;

American Indians, 360 -63, 366 , 425 -26;

Asians, 259 , 344 ;

Irish, 69 , 171 , 176 , 259 , 289 ;

Italians, 43 , 344 ;

Jews, 351 -53, 460 ;

Mexicans, 360 -63

—old maids, 167 -69, 304

Stetson Comedy Company, 21

Stevens, George E., 375 , 388 , 391

Stevens, Will H., 399

Stoddard, John L., 122 , 261

Stop-motion substitutions, 55 , 167 , 171 , 245 , 288 . See also Editing

Story films: duped by Edison, 235 ;

increased nationalism in, 241 -42;

initial Edison production of, 198 -234, 253 -65, 276 -77;

necessity for, 324 . See also Narrative

Stowe, Harriet Beecher, 242

Strongheart (play), 425

Studios: Biograph's, 253 , 339 , 524 n.54;

Edison's Black Maria (1893), 32 , 34 , 36 , 38 , 39 -40, 47 -48, 50 , 64 -65, 101 -2, 113 -14, 115, 158 , 159 ;

Edison's Bronx studio (1907), 329 , 340 , 383, 384 , 384 -90, 391 , 449 , 453 -55, 471 ;

Edison's 21st Street studio (1901), 158 -60, 194 , 197 , 253 , 449 ;

Raff & Gammon's makeshift roof-top studio (1896), 69

Sullivan, Francis, 392 , 417

Sullivan, John L., 22

Sullivan, Mr. (actor), 392

Sutro Baths, 106

Swanson, William H.: as film renter, 328 , 374 , 381 -82, 399 , 434 , 443 -44;

as Porter's business partner, 459 -60, 548 n.8;

on quality of Edison films, 428

Syncreticism, 8 , 167 , 172 , 211 , 226 , 249 , 274 , 285 , 287 , 351 -52, 409


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