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Index


189

A

Abortion, dog, 95 , 109

Abyssinian cats, 131

Académie de médecine, 9 -11, 15 , 19 , 98 , 105 , 158 n3

Académie des sciences, 14

Académie française, 18 , 98

Académie impériale de médecine, 121

Acclimatation,81

Ackerley, J. R., 47

Adam, Paul, 24 -25

Adams, Tom, 150 n7

Aesthetics: modem, 4 , 137 . See also Art;

Imagination

Aging, pet, 89

Agulhon, Maurice, 5 -6, 142 n46

Allen, David Elliston, 58 , 61

Ami des sciences,10 , 14

Ancien régime: and canine fidelity, 24 ;

dog breeding and, 25 ;

dog food, 92 ;

and dog tax, 39 -40, 41 , 53 , 111 ;

history of man and dog, 108 ;

and muzzles, 111 ;

petkeeping (general), 3 , 39 -40, 78 -79, 137 -38

Animal protection, 5 -21, 22 , 131 , 139 -43

Animal protection society. See Société protectrice des animaux

Animals: abused, 6 , 9 , 19 ;

categorizing,117 ;

denatured, 77 -78, 89 , 91 , 108 -9, 111 -12;

morality embodied by, 48 , 133 -34;

rescue of, 17 ;

smell of, 17 ;

vivisection choices, 12 -13. See also Animal protection;

Pets;

Veterinarians;

Vivisection

Les Animaux d'agrément, 80

Annals of Natural History,58

Anthropology, methods, 65

Aquarium (Gosse), 59

Aquariums, 56 -64, 133 -34, 150 n7;

academic, 60 , 61 , 63 ;

fresh-water, 62 -63;

private, 56 -59, 60 -63;

public, 59 -60

A quoi tient la supériorité des Anglo-Saxons? (Desmoulins), 68

Architecture, and privacy, 49

Arcueil, dog refuge, 19 , 20

Argus (dog of Ulysses), 32

Aristocracy. See Upper class

Art: modern, 3 -4, 115 , 137 , 167 n2;

Salon exhibition (1861), 31 . See also Literature;

Music;

Painting

L'art et le goût au foyer (Hennequin), 80

Art nouveau, 137 , 167 n2

A Sa Majesté l'Empereur des Français,11

Asnières, pet cemetery, 33 -35, 90

Assemblé nationale, and animal protection, 5 , 6

Aviaries, 64 , 151 n29. See also Birds

Azor (dog), 35 , 36 , 37

B

Bachelet, François-Joseph, 104

Une Baignade à Asnières (Seurat), 33

Balzac, Honoré, 27

Banister, Keith, 150 n7

Barber, Lynn, 58 -59, 61

Barbet dogs, 75 , 87 , 88 , 146 n37

Barbey d'Aurévilly, Jules, 124

Barbou, Alfred, 49 , 72 , 89 , 109 ;

on dogcare industries, 87 -88;

on dog collars, 84 ;

and dog tax, 53 , 150 n49

Baron (Hugo's dog), 22 , 32 , 35

Baudelaire, Charles: and cats, 115 -16, 123 , 126 , 163 n2;

and dog ladies, 36 , 37 ;

"The Swan," 23

Bélin, Solange, 78 , 88 -89


190

Bell, Charles, 140 n15

Belle Epoque: and dog diet, 93 ;

pet experts/writers, 78 , 82 , 118 , 126 ;

pugs in, 75 ;

and vivisection, 15 -16

Belleville, colonel de, 104

Benjamin, Walter, 1 , 75 , 99 , 153 n72

Berlin, aquarium, 60

Bernard, Claude, 13 , 16 , 17 -18, 142 n41, 46 , 143 n59

Bernard, Fanny, 17 -18, 142 n46

Bert, Paul, 16 , 21 , 142 n41, 143 n61

Besse, Jules, 142 n46

Bezons-la-Garenne, dog refuge, 18

Bibliothéque morale de la jeunesse, 82

Birds, 56 , 64 , 126 , 151 n29

Blaine, Delabere Pritchett, 64 , 80 , 91 , 105

Blatin, Henri, 5 ;

and canine fidelity, 145 n19;

and denial of pets' animal nature, 91 ;

and rabies, 104 , 105 , 108 ;

and vivisection, 15 , 140 n15

Blatin, Madame, 15

Blenheim spaniel, 73

Bobby, of Greyfriars' churchyard, 145 n17

Boeswillwald, Mme Charles. 82 -95 passim

Bohemia, 123 -25, 165 n29, 166 n35. See also Art;

Intellectuals

Bonnardot, Alfred, 79 -80, 81 , 89 -90, 93 , 94

Bony de la Vergne, count, 26

Books. See Literature;

Pet-care books

Boudin, Dr., 105

Bouley, Dr., 105

Bourdieu, Pierre, 126 , 133

Bourgeoisie, 1 -4, 39 -40, 76 , 135 , 137 -38;

and animal protection, 6 -7, 12 -14, 21 ;

bohemia and, 125 , 165 n29, 166 n35;

bourgeois dogs, 2 , 51 , 53 , 74 , 87 , 133 ;

cats discordant with, 115 -16, 117 -18, 124 -25, 127 ;

cats rehabilitated by, 116 -17, 127 -30, 134 -35;

and dog breeding, 66 , 74 ;

and dog-care books, 77 -78, 81 -82;

and dog food, 92 ;

and dog tax, 39 -40, 42 -44, 46 -48;

and fidelity, 2 , 22 -38, 117 , 127 -28;

and hunting dog, 25 ;

and loss, 2 , 23 -38 passim;

and past, 24 ;

petits rentiers,48 ;

and pets as countericon of modern age, 7 , 21 , 49 -50;

rabies phobia, 98 -114;

and Saint Guinefort, 26 ;

self-reflection in pets, 66 , 77 -78, 95 -96, 117 ;

women's ideas associated with, 19 . See also Control;

Home;

Imagination;

Interiority;

Modernity;

Morality;

Pets;

Positivism;

Sentiment

Bourrel, J., 19 ;

and rabies, too, 105 , 106 -7, 109 , 122 , 127 , 158 n3

Bout, H., 58

Boyer, Joseph, 65

Breeding, 65 , 133 -34;

cat, 116 -17, 131 -32, 134 ;

dog, 64 -75, 86 -87, 94 -95, 131 , 153 n60, 67 . See also Class

Brehm, A. E., 131 , 141 n28

Brenson, Michael, 115

Brighton Aquarium, 60

Britain: animal protection society, 5 ;

and aquariums, 57 , 58 -59, 60 , 61 ;

cat shows, 131 ;

dog breeding, 66 , 67 -68, 69 ;

dog care, 79 ;

dog-care books, 78 , 79 , 80 ;

dog epitaphs, 33 -34;

and dog fidelity, 27 , 145 n17;

dog food, 91 , 92 ;

petkeeping in, 3 ;

and vivisection, 13

British Association for the Advancement of Science, 58

Broca, Paul, 65

Brooks, Peter, 70 , 153 n72

Brown-Séquard, Charles Edouard, 16 , 142 n41

Buffon, comte Georges-Louis Leclerc de: and cats, 117 -19, 120 , 122 , 129 , 166 n53;

and dogs, 64 , 65 , 109

Bulldogs, 66

Byron, Lord, 24

C

Calves, abused, 6

Capitalism, commodity, 77

Carteaux, Dr., 12 , 13

Catachresis, 117 , 163 -64

"The Cat" (Baudelaire), 115 -16, 123 , 126

Cats, 115 -33, 139 n2, 163 -67;

as antipets, 56 , 115 ;

bourgeois rehabilitation of, 116 -17, 127 -30, 134 -35;

breeding, 116 -17, 131 -32, 134 ;

cleanliness, 132 ;

clubs, 131 ;

dog rescuing, 30 ;

family, 116 -17;

feminization of, 119 -21, 126 ,

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191

(Continued from previous page)

128 -29;

and fidelity, 117 , 127 -28;

history, 132 -33;

neutered, 121 -22, 125 ;

poems about, 115 -16, 123 ;

and rabies, 121 -22, 127 ;

refuges, 131 ;

ritually murdered, 119 ;

and sexuality, 115 , 116 , 118 -23, 126 ;

shows, 131 -32;

stories about, 123 , 128 , 165 n26. See also individual breeds

Cattle: abused, 6 ;

veterinarians for, 79

Cause de la rage (Bachelet & Froussart), 104

Cemeteries: dog, 2 , 33 -35, 90 , 156 -57;

dog visits to, 22 ;

epitaphs, 33 -35;

public pet, 33 -35, 90 -91;

tombstone motifs, 33 -35, 91

Cham (Amadée de Noé), 14 -15, 46 , 123 , 141 -42

Champfleury, 126

Le Charivari,14 -15, 39 , 46 , 54 , 55 , 123 , 141 n35

Charles I, 64 , 74

Charles II, 74

Channel, Mme de, 19

Charpentier, Mme Georges, 115 , 116 , 163 n1

Chattier, Roger, 119 , 164 n12

Chateaubriand, vicomte François René de, 124

Chat et chien, 82

Chemical Society, British, 58

Chéri, suicide of, 23 , 28 -29, 35

Chevalier, Louis, 138

Le Chien (Mégnin), 80 -81, 92

Le Chien de lure (Boeswillwald), 82 , 86 , 88

Les Chitin (Bony de la Vergne), 26

Chrétien, Miles, 110

Christianity, and cats, 119

Clark, T. J., 122 -23

Class, 2 , 4 , 35 , 89 , 133 -35, 137 -38;

and animal protection, 5 -6, 7 , 19 , 139 n1;

of animals, 94 , 109 , 117 , 133 ;

cats and, 123 -25, 126 -27;

dog breeding and, 66 , 67 , 68 -69, 94 -95;

dog sexuality and, 94 -95;

dog tax and, 41 -48;

fidelity and, 35 ;

and guard dogs, 48 ;

hegemonic, 7 ;

and hunting dogs, 25 ;

irrational, 8 -9;

and rabies, 111 . See also Bourgeoisie;

Breeding;

Intellectuals;

Peasantry;

Poor;

Upper class;

Working classes

Clater, Francis, 91

Le Coeur des bites (Honoré), 50 -51, 134

Colin (publisher), 80

Collège de France, 11 , 16 , 17 , 63

Collies, 64 , 66 , 75

Comité consultatif et des conseils Whygiène publique, 97 , 121 , 158 n3

Common Objects of the Country (Wood), 60

Condier, Doctor, 20

Conseil d'Etat, decrees on pets, 44 , 46 , 148 n15

Conseil d'hygiène publique et de salubrité du département de la Seine, 100 , 111 , 158 n3

Conies de l'asile du quai d'Anjou (Testas), 132

Control, 76 ;

clothed pet and, 85 ;

dogcare books and, 77 , 79 , 81 -83, 93 -94;

of dog sexuality, 93 -94;

guard dog and, 48 ;

of nature, 69 , 76 -78, 107 -9, 111 -12, 115 ;

obedience training for dogs, 77 , 79 , 82 -84;

rabies and, 99 -101, 107 -11. See also Social coercion

Corbin, Alain, 3 , 17 , 132

Costuming, dog, 81 , 84 -86, 155 -56. See also Hairstyles

Cours-la-Reine, dog shows, 68

Couteulx de Cantelou, Baron, 67 , 74

Couturier de Vienne, F. A., 108 -9, 141 n33

Crystal Palace, 60 , 131

La Cuisine, simple et à bon marché (Moll-Weiss), 80

La Curée (Zola), 146 n41, 151 n29

Curry, Patrick, 164 n12

Cuvier, Frédéric, 64 , 65

Cuvier, Georges, 51 , 121

Cynograpbia Britannica (Edward), 80

D

Dalmatians, 74 , 79

Darwinism, 103 , 117

Daudet, Léon, 15

Daumier, Honoré, 39 , 54 , 55

Death: canine euthanasia, 89 ;

pet, 41 , 89 -91, 98 , 119 ;

and pet disposal, 90 ;


192

Death (continued) from rabies, 97 , 101 , 102 , 112 , 158 n3, 160 n24. See also Cemeteries;

Suicide

Déjazet, Virginie, 18

Delavigne, Casimir, 28

Delort, Robert, 119 , 131

Department of the Seine, 54 ;

Conseil d'hygiène publique et de salubritè, 100 , 111 , 158 n3. See also Paris

Deraismes, Maria, 16

Desmoulins, Charles, 58 , 68

Des petits chitin de dames, spécialement de l'épagneul nain (Bonnardot), 79 -80

d'Este Davenport, Mine, 17

Desvernays, Laure, 48 , 49 , 80 , 82 , 86 -87, 93

Desvignes, 93 -94

"Devil in Paris" (Ségalas), 9

Dictionnaire. See Larousse, Pierre

Dictionnaire de médecine,99 , 102 , 105 , 121

Didot-Bottin, 77 , 84

Dijon, no place for pets in, 52

Dingu dogs, 66

Diseases. See Health: Rabies

Dogs, 3 , 39 -56, 64 , 79 , 130 -31, 133 , 139 n2;

accessories for, 77 , 81 , 84 -86;

Baudelaire and, 163 n2;

bourgeois, 2 , 51 , 53 , 74 , 87 , 133 ;

breeding of, 64 -75, 86 -87, 94 -95, 131 , 153 n60, 67 ;

butcher's, 52 ;

cats compared with, 117 -18, 124 -25, 127 , 128 , 129 , 132 ;

cemeteries for, 2 , 33 -35, 90 , 156 -57;

census. 53-54, 148 -49;

classification systems, 65 -66;

costuming of, 81 , 84 -86, 155 -56;

deodorization, 81 ;

diets, 91 -93, 94 , 157 n69;

dog-care books, 37 , 53 , 69 -71, 76 -96, 97 , 108 ;

doll-like ideal, 82 -83, 93 ;

and emotional life, 37 -38, 50 , 52 , 55 , 79 , 133 ;

euthanasia of, 89 ;

family, 1 -2, 112 ;

feminization of, 85 , 95 ;

fidelity of, 3 , 22 -38, 133 , 145 n17, 19 , 22 ;

flea transmission, 95 ;

food for. 40 -42, 78 -79, 91 -93, 94 , 157 n69;

games, 81 , 83 ;

"great dog massacres," 98 ;

"green disease" and, 95 ;

grooming, 86 -89, 156 ;

guard, 44 -49 passim, 52 , 70 , 71 , 108 , 148 n15;

guide, 44 ;

hairstyles, 86 -87, 156 ;

health (except rabies), 41 , 78 , 82 , 91 -93, 95 , 157 n69;

heroic, 25 -32, 36 ;

history of domesticated, 50 -53, 108 ;

hospital, 19 ;

"incredible journey" by, 22 , 32 ;

"incredible rescue" by, 25 -32, 36 , 72 ;

"incredible wait" by, 31 -32;

infantilization of, 82 -83, 93 , 95 ;

kennels, 77 , 78 , 79 ;

little, 3 , 41 , 47 , 51 , 73 -75, 87 , 108 , 155 ;

luxury, 3 , 41 -42, 44 -48, 51 , 55 , 148 n14;

marriage between, 94 -95, 109 ;

mountain, 70 -73;

mourning, 21 -13, 17 -30;

muzzles, 109 -10;

names (popular), 67 ;

Oriental. 2 ;

personality types, 23 ;

poems about, 31 -32, 144 n6, 163 n2;

population figures, 53 -54, 130 , 137 , 148 -49, 167 n1;

portraits painted, 31 , 54 , 55 ;

pound, 16 , 19 -20, 109 , 141 -42;

rabies, 92 -93, 97 -114, 121 , 159 n6;

refuges, 18 , 19 -20;

rescue by, 25 -32, 36 , 72 ;

rescue of, 17 -18, 19 , 144 n62, 145 n19;

selling of, 77 ;

and sexuality, 41 , 77 , 78 , 93 -95, 103 -5, 109 ;

sheep, 70 , 71 ;

shops for accessories, 84 -85;

shows, 66 -67, 68 -69, 70 ;

and siege of Paris, 130 ;

stories about, 22 , 24 -32, 36 , 40 , 46 -47, 50 , 72 , 82 ., 144 -45;

suicide, 22 , 23 , 28 -30, 35 , 145 n21;

tax on, 1 -2, 40 -48, 53 -54, 111 , 147 -50;

training, 77 , 79 , 82 -84;

for vivisection, 10 , 12 -13, 21 , 140 n15, 141 n28, 143 n61;

weddings for, 94 ;

working-class, 2 , 42 , 52 , 53 , 133 ;

working vs. luxury., 41 -42, 44 -48, 53 , 148 n15. See also Hunting dogs;

individual breeds

Doll-like pets, 77 , 82 -83, 93

Domesticity. See Home;

Pets

Dreamworlds. See Imagination

Ducret-Baumann, Mme H., 95 , 157 n78

Dumas, Alexandre, 129

Dumont de Monteux, 5

Durand, Marguerite, 33 , 90

E

Eagleton, Terry, 154 n7

Ecole nationale vétérinaire, Maisons-Alfort, II, 79 , 92

Economy: animal protection and, 6 ;

commodity capitalism, 77 ;

dog tax and, 41 -42

L'Education et l'bygiène du chien (Ducret-Baumann), 95


193

Une Education française (Marcel), 76

Edward, Sydenham, 80

Edward of Norwich, 78

Emma, epitaph to, 33 -35

Emotional life: controlled, 76 ;

dogs and, 37 -38, 50 , 52 , 55 , 79 , 133 ;

and dogs as "love machine," 55 . See also Fidelity;

Sentiment

L'Enfance du chien (Leroy), 37 , 82

England. See Britain

Enlightenment, 3 , 138

Eskimo dogs, 66

Esprit des bêtes (Toussenel), 50 , 73

Essig, baron, 73

Ethics. See Morality

Eugenics, 16

Eugénie, Empress (hairstyle), 156 n44

Evolutionism, 103 , 117 , 134

Exposition internationale des chiens, 70

Exposition universelle des races canines, 66 -67

F

Fantasies. See Imagination

Fascism, 117

Faure, Félix, 74

Favre, Mine Addle, 127

Fée, A. L. A., 53 , 121 -30 passim

Feeling. See Emotional life;

Sentiment

Female species: in aquarium, 57 ;

"fraternité" of cat, 128 -29;

progress working through, 120 ;

and rabies, 104 -5, 121 -22;

and sexuality of cats, 118 -22. See also Feminization;

Women

Feminism, and masculine science, 18 -19

Feminization: of cats, 119 -21, 126 , 128 -29;

of dogs, 85 , 95

Féru, Nicolas, 51 -52, 108

Fidelity, 2 ;

cats and, 117 , 127 -28;

of dogs, 3 , 22 -38, 133 , 145 nn17,19,21;

and loss with people, 2 , 23 -38 passim

"Fifth estate," 109 -10

Le Figaro, 18

Finot (mourning dog), 27 -28

Fish, 56 -64. See also Aquariums

Flâneurs,1 , 30

Flaubert, Gustave, 23 , 64 , 126

Fleming, Dr., 105

FIourens, Pierre, 140 n15

Fontanier, Pierre, 163 -64

Food: for dogs, 40 -42, 78 -79, 91 -93, 94 , 157 n69;

dog tax and supply of, 40 -42

Fourier, Charles, 56 , 73

Fourrière (dog pound), 19 -20, 141 -42

France: cat population, 130 ;

dog breeding, 66 -68;

dog population, 53 -54, 130 ;

French Revolution, 5 , 25 ;

rabies a policing problem in, 162 n70;

Restoration (1815), 25 . See also Ancien régime;

Belle Epoque;

Department of the Seine;

Government;

Paris

Fredet, G. E., 99

Freud, Sigmund, 114 , 163 n84

La Fronde, 33

Froussart, C., 104

Futurism, 117

G

Gaston III de Foix (Phébus), 78

Le Gaulois, 29 -30

Gautier, Théophile, 124 , 125

Gazette de France,36

Gélyot, Mme, 20 -21, 143 n61

Gender: in aquarium, 57 ;

feminism and masculine science, 18 -19;

rabies and, 104 -5, 121 -22. See also Female species;

Feminization;

Male dominance;

Sexuality

Germ theory, of disease, 114 , 132

Gesta romanorum,26

Godin, Alexis, 47

Goneourt, Edmond & Jules de, 38 , 147 n42

Gordon setters, 74

Gosse, Philip Henry, 58 -59

Government: ancien régime, 3 ;

Assemblé nationale and animal protection, 5 , 6 ;

Chambre des députés, 108 ;

Conseil d'Etat decrees on pets, 44 , 46 , 148 n15;

First Empire, 74 -75;

French Revolution, 5 , 25 ;

July Monarchy, 5 ;

and muzzle law, 111 ;

Paris Commune, 130 ;

Second Empire, 3 , 7 ;

Third Republic, 7 , 54 , 75 ;

vivisection lawsuit against, 20 -21, 143 -44. See also Laws;

Tax

Grammont Law (1850), 5 , 6

Grand Dictionnaire universel. See Larousse, Pierre


194

Grande Encylopédie,58 , 59 , 60 , 65 , 78 -79, 92 , 113 -14

Grandville, J. J., 57 , 150 n4

Gréve, Dr., 105

Greenhouses, 64 , 151 n29

Greyhounds, 24 -27, 51 , 74 -75, 79 , 84 , 155 n35

Guardia, Dr., 12

Guinefort, Saint, 25 -26

Guy-Raoul, 159 n7

H

Hairstyles: dog, 86 -87, 156 ;

dyed (pet), 91 ;

Empress Eugénie, 156 n44

Hailer, Albrecht yon, 10

Harmois, Georges, 33 , 90

Hastings, Hester, 3

Haussmann, Georges, 7 -8, 21 , 38 , 45 , 46 , 148 n19

Havanas (dog breed), 87

Health: aged and infirm pets, 89 ;

and animal protection, 6 ;

aquarium hazards, 60 -61;

cat, 121 -22, 127 ;

dog, 41 , 78 , 82 , 91 -93, 95 , 157 n69;

and dog tax, 54 ;

germ theory, 114 , 132 ;

and pet cemeteries, 90 ;

in pet-owner contact, 37 ;

and strangles (disease), 92 . See also Death;

Rabies;

Veterinarians

Hennequin, Mine M., 80

Histoire naturelle (Buffon), 117 -18

History: of cats, 132 -33;

of domesticated dogs, 50 -53, 108 ;

of petkeeping, 1 -2, 3 -4, 40 , 50 -53, 108 . See also Breeding;

France;

Middle Ages;

Natural history

History of Private Life (Corbin), 132

Home, 2 , 76 -77, 95 , 115 ;

aquariums in, 56 -59, 60 -63;

isolation of individual within, 48 -50;

nature banished from, 76 -78;

petkeeping for emotional life at, 50 , 55 , 79 ;

petkeeping relating to syntax of, 75 . See also Pets;

Privacy

Homer, 32 -32

Honoré, Oscar, 50 -51, 134

Horses: abused, 6 ;

veterinarians for, 79

Huart, Louis, 141 n35

Hugo, Victor, 15 , 22 , 23 , 32 , 35 , 144 n1

Hunting: books, 78 ;

cats and, 127 ;

rights, 25

Hunting dogs, 3 , 47 , 153 n67;

books on, 78 , 80 ;

breeds, 25 , 74 ;

in dog show, 69 ;

history, 50 , 51 , 52 ;

in urban life, 108

Huot, Marie, 16 , 142 n41

Huzard, Dr., 105

I

Illness: feeling as, 143 n50. See also Health;

Rabies

Imagination, 2 , 4 , 7 , 56 , 115 , 138 ;

aquarium, 56 -44, 133 -34, 150 n7;

bird-related, 56 , 64 ;

and class, 89 ;

and deanimalization, 77 -78, 89 , 91 , 111 -12;

and dog breeds, 64 , 66 , 69 -75, 133 -34;

dog-care books and, 53 , 69 , 77 -96 passim;

dog costuming, 81 , 84 -86, 155 -56;

dog fidelity and, 24 , 25 , 27 -28;

and dog tax, 39 -40, 47 ;

and infantilization of dogs, 82 -83, 93 , 95 ;

and rabies, 97 -98, 109 , 113 , 162 -63;

and self-reflection in pets, 66 , 77 -78, 95 -96, 117 ;

and vivisection, 13 , 20 -21. See also Literature;

Painting;

Past;

Sentiment

Individualism: canine fidelity and, 33 , 133 ;

of cats and intellectuals, 125 , 126 ;

petkeeping and, 2 , 48 -49, 137 -38;

and rabies phobia, 101

Infantilization, of pets, 77 , 82 -83, 93 , 95

Institute of France, 14

Intellectuals, 2 , 3 -4;

and cats, 115 -16, 123 -25, 126 . See also Literature

Interiority, 56 -96, 167 n2;

of art nouveau, 137 ;

vocabulary of fantasy, 75 . See also Home;

Imagination;

Privacy

Introduction à l'étude de la médecine expérimentale (Bernard), 18

Isolation: dogs protected by, 95 ;

petkeeping and, 36 -37, 48 -50, 133 . See also Loss;

Privacy

J

Jacques du Fouilloux, 78 , 79

Jane, epitaph to, 33

Jardin des plantes, 131

Jardin zoologique d'acclimatation, 67

"Jenny and Minnie," 128

Jocelyn (Lamartine), 31

Joulin, Dr., 12

Le Journal amusant,123

Journal officiel des théâtres,111


195

K

Kant, Immanuel, 4

Keegan, Paul, 163 n2

Kennels, dog, 77 , 78 , 79

L

Lafosse, Dr., 105

Lamarckism, moral, 134

Lamartine, Alphonse de, 6 , 23 -24, 25 , 31 , 144 n6

Landrin, Alexandre, 163 n78

Lansbury, Coral, 18

Larbalétrier, Albert, 150 n49

Larousse, Pierre, 114 ;

and cats, 117 -33 passim, 166 n53;

and dogs, 28 , 64 -65, 67 , 109 , 152 n43, 44

Latour, Amadée, 13

Lantard, Henri, 51 , 118 , 126 , 131

Laws: animal protection, 5 , 6 ;

dog tax, 40 -48, 54 ;

muzzle, 110 -11

Lawsuit, vivisection, 20 -21, 143 -44

Leblanc, Camille, 104 , 105 -6, 108 -9

Lecoeur, Jules, 104 , 105

Le Moyne, Nicolas-Toussaint (Des Essarts), 41

Lenoir, Jean-Pierre, 162 n70

Leonberg (dog breed), 73

Leroy, E., 82 , 83 , 93

Lestrange, Robert, 131 -32

Lévi-Strauss, Claude, 85

Levrette dogs, 84

Life of Pasteur (Vallery-Radot), 114

Ligue populaire contre les abus de la vivisection, 16

Literature, 40 ;

bird stories, 64 ;

cat stories, 123 , 128 , 165 n26;

dog stories, 24 -32, 40 , 46 -47, 50 , 72 , 82 , 144 -45. See also History;

Pet-care books;

Poetry;

individual writers

Little Handbooks for the Home, 48

Livre de chasse (Gaston III de Foix), 78

London Zoological Society, 59

Longue durée,3

Lorenz, Konrad, 23

Loss: fidelity and, 2 , 23 -38 passim. See also Death;

Isolation

Louvre, dog (Médor) of, 28 , 35

M

Macaire (murderer), 26 -27

Magendie, François, 140 n15, 143 n59

Magnan, Valentin, 18 , 143 n50

Maisons-Alfort, Ecole nationale vétérinaire, 11 , 79 , 92

Male dominance: and animal protection, 9 , 16 , 18 -19;

in aquariums, 57 ;

and class issues, 21 ;

dog-care books and, 78

Manchester, aquarium at, 60

Manet, Edouard, 122 -23, 165 n24, 25

Marcel, Odile, 76 -77, 78 , 153 n1

Marginality, 1 ;

canine fidelity and, 36 ;

cats associated with, 115 . See also Loss

Marriage, dog, 94 -95, 109

Master of Game (Edward of Norwich), 78

Mazerolles, Mile, 18

Médor (dog), of Louvre, 28

Mégnin, Paul, 81 ;

and dog breeds, 68 , 70 , 71 , 73 , 153 n60;

and dog coiffure and costuming, 84 , 87 ;

and dog "marriage," 94

Mégnin, Pierre, 78 , 80 -81;

and dog breeds, 65 -66;

and dog health, 91 , 92 ;

and dog history, 51 ;

and dog sexuality, 94

Mendès, Catulle, 125 , 126

Mercier, Sébastien, 41 , 89

Meunier, Victor, 10 , 14

Michelet, Jules, 125

Middle Ages: eats in, 115 , 119 ;

dogs in, 24 , 25 -27, 50 , 51 , 74

Middle class. See Bourgeoisie

Migneaux, Th., 95

Modernity, 2 -4, 7 -8, 133 , 137 -38;

animal protection and, 7 -9, 10 -11, 19 , 21 ;

art, 3 -4, 115 , 137 , 167 n2;

cats and, 115 , 116 -17, 119 , 126 , 132 -33, 135 ;

and dog breeding, 69 ;

and dog care, 79 ;

and dog food, 92 -93;

and dog tax, 39 -40;

fidelity and, 23 , 36 -38;

isolation and petkeeping in, 36 -37, 48 -50, 133 ;

and loss, 23 , 36 -38;

machine and, 117 ;

no place for pets in, 51 -52, 108 -10;

pets as countericon of, 7 , 21 , 49 -50;

rabies and, 98 -99, 108 -10, 114 ;

self-reflection in pets, 96 , 117 ;

women and, 19 . See also Urban life

Moll-Weiss, Mme Augusta, 80

Moniteur universel , 107

Montargis, dog of, 25 , 26 -27, 32

Montcalm, marquess de, 14 , 134 , 141 n33


196

Morality, 48 ;

and animal protection, 5 -7, 14 ;

animals embodying, 48 , 69 -70, 133 -34;

and evil science, 12 , 14 , 16 , 21 ;

and little dogs, 41

Morand, Paul, 125

Moustache (dog), 67 , 152 n44

"Murders in the Rue Morgue" (Poe), 99

Music: in dog-care book, 78 ;

rabies, 113 , 162 -63

Mustapha (heroic dog), 31 , 35

Muzzles, 109 -10

"My Last Gunshot" (Lamartine), 24

Mysouff (cat), 129

N

Names, popular dog, 67

Napoleon III, 32 , 52

Le National,110

Natural history: and aquariums, 58 -59;

cataloguing methods, 65 , 66 ;

imagination vs., 133 -34;

and vivisection, 141 n28. See also Buffon;

Pet-care books

Naturalist's Rambles on the Devonsbire Coast (Gosse) , 59

Nature: subdued/controlled/feared, 69 , 76 -78, 89 , 107 -9, 111 -12, 115 . See also Animals;

Natural history;

Plants;

Sexuality

Neighborhood life: modernization of Paris affecting, 38 ;

vivisection affecting, 20 -21. See also Isolation

Neutering, 121 -22, 125

Newfoundlands (dog breed), 73 , 79 , 87

New York, aquarium, 60

Noailles, comtesse de., 15

Nobility. See Upper class

Nochlin, Linda, 117 , 164 n4

Nos Chiens (Mégnin), 70 , 81

"Notes pour servir à l'histoire de l'aquarium" (Bout), 58

Notre Ami le chien (Vaux), 52 -53

Nymphomania: in dogs, 93 , 94 , 157 n69;

and rabies, 101 -3, 114

O

Obedience training, for dogs, 77 , 79 , 82 -84

Observations sur la spontanéité de la rage (Simon), 106

Ollivier, Auguste-Adrien, 100

Olympia (Manet), 122 -23, 165 n24, 25

"On Some Motifs in Baudelaire" (Benjamin), 1

Ordinary: realm of, 1 , 2 , 4 , 14 -15, 27 , 31 . See also Bourgeoisie;

Pets

Osier, William, 114

Ovid, 145 n16

P

Paganism, and cats, 119

Painting, 163 n1;

Manet, 122 -23, 165 n24, 25 ;

pet portraits, 31 , 54 , 55 ;

Renoir, 115 , 116 , 163 n1;

Watteau, 41

Parent-Duchâtelet, 6

Paris, 38 ;

ancien régime, 3 ;

cat shows, 131 ;

dog-care books, 79 -80;

dog census, 53 -54, 149 ;

dog pound, 19 -20, 141 -42;

dog refuges, 18 ;

dog shows, 68 -69, 70 ;

Grand Exposition, 7 -8;

greenhouses vs. aviaries in, 64 ;

modern/Haussmannized, 3 , 7 -8, 21 , 38 , 45 , 46 , 148 n19;

rue de la Sourdière, 35 , 36 ;

Second Empire, 3 ;

siege of, 130 ;

telephone book evidence of petkeeping, 137 , 167 n1;

vivisection lawsuit against, 20 -21, 143 -44. See also Bourgeoisie;

Government;

Société protectrice des animaux;

Urban life

Paris Commune, 130

Parisot de Cassel, 5

Parrots, 64

Pascal, Blaise, 33

Past: canine fidelity and, 24 ;

dog breeds and, 74 ;

modern art and, 137 . See also Ancien régime;

History

Pasteur, Louis, 98 , 103 , 113 -14, 132 , 159 n9

Pathdogie canine (Delabère-Blaine), 80

Paul, Mme Constantin, 124

Pavie, Auguste, 131

Payele, Georges, 144 n1

Peasantry: animal protection movement and, 7 ;

and Saint Guinefort (holy dog), 25 , 26

Perrot. Philippe, 85

Pertus, Joanny, 94 -95

Pet-care books, 56 -57;

on birds, 151 n29;

on cats, 132 ;

on dogs, 37 , 53 , 69 -71, 76 -96, 97 , 108

Petit Buffon, 117


197

Petit Journal , 35 , 111

Petit Moniteur universel , 53

Petit National , 30

Pets, 2 , 56 -75, 135 , 137 -38, 139 n1;

aged and infirm, 89 ;

for amusement, 84 ;

bourgeois self-reflection in, 66 , 77 -78, 95 -96, 117 ;

as countericon of modern age, 7 , 21 , 49 -50;

death of, 41 , 89 -91, 98 , 119 ;

dyed, 91 ;

history of keeping, 1 -2, 3 -4, 40 , 50 -53, 108 ;

infantilized/ doll-like, 77 , 82 -83, 93 , 95 ;

and isolation of people in modernity, 36 -37, 48 -50, 133 ;

no place for in modern life, 51 -52, 108 -10;

portraits of, 31 , 54 , 55 , 95 ;

and private life, 48 -49, 52 -53, 56 -96;

qualities of vulnerability and sensitivity, 19 ;

stuffed, 89 -90;

turtles, 1 . See also Birds;

Cats;

Dogs;

Fidelity;

Fish;

Pet-care books;

Plants

Pichard, Lilla, 19

Pinpin (Zola's dog), 32 , 74

Plants, 56 -57;

aquarium, 56 , 58 ;

green-house, 64 , 151 n29

Poe, Edgar Allan, 38 , 99 , 147 n42

Poetry: on cats, 115 -16, 123 ;

in dogcare book, 78 ;

on dogs, 31 -32, 144 n6, 163 n2;

women reading, 9 . See also individual poets

Poitou, dogs of, 25

Police: measures against dogs, 54 ;

rabies as problem of, 162 n70

Politics: and animal protection law, 5 ;

and bourgeois culture, 2 ;

machine and, 117 . See also Government

Pomeranians, 74

Poodles, 75 , 79 , 87 , 146 n37

Poor, dogs of, 3 , 41 , 42 , 111 , 162 n70

Popular History of the Aquarium (Sowerby), 61 -62

Population: cat, 130 ;

census, 53 -54, 148 -49;

dog, 53 -54, 130 , 137 , 148 -49, 167 n1

Pornography, 41

Portanier, Marius, 50 , 112 -13, 158 n3

Portraits, pet: painted, 31 , 54 , 55 ;

photographed, 95

Positivism, 2 , 19 ;

animal protection and, 7 , 8 , 9 , 11 -14, 17 , 19 ;

of Grande Encyclopédie,58 ;

and rabies, 103

Posner, Donald, 41

Postcards, canine and human children on, 82

Pounds, dog, 16 , 19 -20, 109 , 141 -42

Prévost, Florent, 56 ;

and aquariums, 56 -57, 59 , 63 ;

and aviaries, 64 , 151 n29;

and cats, 132 ;

and dogs, 69 , 71

Priestiey, Joseph, 57

Privacy, 99 , 167 n2;

per. keeping and, 48 -49, 52 -53, 56 -96. See also Home;

Imagination

Prostitution: cats associated with, 119 -21, 126 ;

petkeeping compared with, 49 -50

Proust, Marcel, 115 , 163 n1

Pugs, 74 -75, 79

Pyrenean mountain dogs, 71 , 87

Q

Quatrefages, Jean Louis Armand de, 67 -68

Les Quatre Vents de l'esprit (Hugo), 32

R

Rabies, 41 , 92 -93, 97 -114, 158 -63;

cats and, 121 -22, 127 ;

causes, 103 -6, 113 -14;

death from, 97 , 101 , 102 , 112 , 158 n3, 160 n24;

and deviance, 114 ;

dogs and, 92 -93, 97 -114, 121 , 159 n6;

and gender, 104 -5, 121 -22;

and germ theory, 114 ;

hysterical, 98 , 100 , 159 n10;

as policing problem, 162 n70;

and sexuality, 98 , 101 -5, 107 , 114 , 121 -22;

spontaneous, 103 -6, 108 -10, 113 , 121 -22;

symptoms, 97

Les Races de chiens (Mégoin), 65

La Rage (Fredet),99

La Rage au point de rue physiologique (Belleville), 104

Raspail, Xavier, 158 n3

Realism, 117 , 164 n4;

magical, 27

Recherches sur les races humaines de l'Auvergne (Boyer), 65

Recueil de médecine vétérinaire, 105

Refuges: cat, 131 ;

dog, 18 , 19 -20

Renaissance, dogs associated with, 73

Renan, Ernest, 98 , 128

Renault, Dr., 105

Renneville, Count, 5

Renoir, Pierre Auguste, 115 , 116 , 163 n1

Requête à mes concitoyens pour l'extinction de la race canine à Dijon (Fétu), 51 -52

Restoration (1815), 25


198

Retrievers, 64

Revue Britannique,19

Rey, Dr., 105

Reynai, Dr., 105

Richard, Lucien, 74 , 107

Ricoeur, Paul, 163 -64

Riwo, Harriet, 3 , 66 , 80 , 131 , 167 n61

Robert, Jean, 80 ;

and dog food, 93 ;

and dog population, 53 ;

and dog training, 79 , 82 , 83 -84;

and euthanasia for dogs, 89 ;

and flea transmission, 95 ;

and greyhounds, 74 ;

and rabies phobia, 159 n6;

and Saint Bernards, 71 -73;

and useful dogs vs. pets, 47 , 70

Roche, Dr., 10

Rohan, Cardinal de, 78

Romanticism, canine fidelity and, 23 -24, 33

Rossolis plant, 57

Rothschild, Baron James de, 67

Roucher, Dr., 105

Rousseau, Théodorc, 67

S

Saint Bernards, 64 , 71 -73, 75 , 79 , 87 , 153 n60

Sainte-Beuve, Charles Augustin, 124

Saint-Hilaire, Albert Geoffroy, 67

Sainthood, dog, 25 -26

Saint-Saëns, Camille, 74

Salon exhibition of art (1861), 31

Sanson, André, 105 , 113 , 159 n6

Sartre, Jean-Paul, 126

Satyriasis: in dogs, 93 , 157 n69;

and rabies, 101 -3, 114

Schama, Simon, 165 n30

Schmitt, Jean-Claude, 26

Scholl, Aurélien, 15 , 26 , 51 , 52 -53

Science: ambition in, 12 ;

aquariums for, 60 , 61 , 63 ;

categorizing, 131 -33;

evil, 12 , 14 , 16 , 21 ;

petkeeping vs., 7 , 21 ;

and vivisection, 9 -16, 140 n14, 141 n25, 143 n61. See also Académie de médecine

Science fiction,: 17

Scott, Walter, 14 , 25

Ségalas, Madame, 9

Seigel, Jerrold, 165 n29

Sentiment: animal protection and, 19 ;

about dogs, 25 , 33 , 37 -38, 46 -55 passim, 79 , 133 ;

as illness, 143 n50;

parrot-loving, 64 ;

and pet cemeteries, 90 -91;

vivisection and, 12 , 16 . See also Emotional life;

Imagination;

Pets

Sentimental Education (Flaubert), 23

Seurat, Georges, 33

Sexuality, 114 ;

cats and, 115 , 116 , 118 -23, 126 ;

dogs and, 41 , 77 , 78 , 93 -95, 103 -5, 109 ;

fish and, 56 -57;

masturbation, 103 ;

neutering, 121 -22, 125 ;

nymphomania and satyriasis, 93 , 94 , 101 -3, 114 , 157 n69;

rabies and, 98 , 101 -5, 107 , 114 , 121 -22;

of vivisection science, 13 . See also Gender;

Prostitution

Shaw, Vero, 73

Sheepdogs, 70 , 71

Sherwood, Ben, 167 n1

Shows: cat, 131 -31;

dog, 66 -67, 68 -69, 70

Siamese cats, 131 , 167 n61

Silverman, Debora L., 137

Simon, Paul, 106

Simple Heart (Flaubert), 64

Smells, animal, 17

Social coercion: in animal protection, 6 -7. See also Control;

Laws

Social status: aquariums as symbols of, 59 ;

of dog breeding, 66 . See also Breeding;

Class

Société anonyme du cimetière des chiens, 90

Société anonyme du cimetière pour chiens et autres animaux domestiques, 90

Société centrale pour l'amélioration des races de chiens en France, 68 -69

Société d'anthropologie, 65

Société française contre la vivisection, 15 -16

Société impériale d'acclimatation, 65

Société impériale zoologique d'acclimatation, 67

Société protectrice des animaux, 1 -2, 5 -10, 21 , 31 , 108 , 134 , 139 -40;

on cats, 127 , 128 -29, 130 -31, 166 n58;

dog articles (number of), 130 -31;

and dog fidelity, 22 -23, 27 -28, 33 , 35 -36,


199

145 n19;

and dog hygiene, 132 ;

and dog muzzles, 110 , 111 ;

and dog pound, 141 -42;

dog rescue by, 19 -20, 145 n19;

and dog tax, 42 ;

founding, 5 , 6 ;

medals of honor from, 24 , 56 , 104 ;

and rabies, 103 -4, 105 , 108 -9;

and siege of Paris, 130 ;

Vaillant testimony, 52 ;

and vivisection, 9 -11, 12 , 13 , 15 , 19 -20, 141 -42;

women in, 8 -9, 15 , 16 , 19 , 139 n1

Société zoologique du jardin d'acclimatation, 59

Southport, aquarium at, 60

Sowerby, George B., 61 -63

Spaniels, 47 , 64 , 73 -75, 83

Spratts Patent dog food, 91 , 92

Starkie, Enid, 163 n2

Stickleback (épinoche ), 56 -57

Stuffed pets, 89 -90

Suicide: cat, 125 , 128 ;

dog, 22 , 23 , 28 -30, 35 , 145 n21;

dog owner, 37

Suzor, Renaud, 159 n6

"The Swan" (Baudelaire), 23

Sydenham, Crystal Palace, 60 , 131

Syphilis, rabies and, 102 -3

T

Le Tableau de Paris,41

Tardieu, Ambroise, 105 , 121 , 158 n3, 159 n7

Tax: dog, 1 -2, 40 -48, 53 -54, 111 , 147 -50;

glass, 61

Taxidermy, 89 -90

Teleguny, 94

Le Temps, 12

Terriers, 74 -75, 87

Testas, Marie-Félicie, 128 , 132

Thérèse Raquin (Zola), 123 , 165 n26

Thomas, Keith, 3 , 139 n2

Time: nineteenth-century experience of, 32 . See also History;

Past

Titian, 122

Toffoli, Dr., 105

La Toilette (Watteau), 41

Toussenel, Alphonse, 50 , 73 , 119 -21, 127 , 129 , 164 n13

Training, dog, 77 , 79 , 82 -84

Trim, suicide of, 23

Trocadéro, underground sea palace, 60

Tuileries, dog shows, 68

Turtlewalking, 1

U

Union médicale , 13

Upper class: and animal protection, 5 , 7 ;

bourgeois influenced by, 138 , 167 n2;

dogs of, 3 , 25 , 41 , 42 , 53 , 66 ;

masculine violence of, 21

Urban life: and animal protection, 7 , 18 , 19 , 21 ;

crowd behavior vs. canine heroism, 30 ;

journal anecdotes of, 29 -30;

no place for pets in, 52 , 108 -10;

petkeeping and emotional life in, 50 , 133 ;

and rabies, 108 -10. See also Paris

Utilitarianism: and animal protection, 6 -7, 9 -10;

cats and, 125 -26;

and dog tax, 41 -48, 148 n15;

and pets associated with emotional life, 50 , 52 , 55 , 79

V

Vaillant, Marshal Jean-Baptiste Philibert, 32 , 52

Vallery-Radot, René, 114

Vaux, le baron de, 52 -53, 68

La Vénerie (Jacques du Fouilloux), 78

Venus of Urbino (Titian), 122

Verne, Jules, 117

Vernois, Dr., 105

Veterinarians, 2 , 78 -79, 105 -7, 159 n6;

school, 11 , 79 , 92

La Vie contemporaine , 17

La Vie des animaux illustrée (Brehm), 131

La Vie élégante , 69 , 87

Villiers de l'Isle-Adam, 15

Virtanen, Reino, 142 n46

Vivisection, 140 -44;

ambition and, 12 ;

animal protection movement and, 9 -21, 140 -43;

cats and, 125 -26;

on dogs, 10 , 12 -13, 21 , 140 n15, 141 n28, 143 n61;

lawsuit, 20 -21, 143 -44;

neighborhood life affected by, 20 -21;

science and, 9 -16, 140 n14, 141 n25, 143 n61;

societies against, 15 -16

W

Ward, Nathaniel Bagshaw, 58

Warington, Robert, 58

Watteau, Jean-Antoine, 41

Weber, M., 107


200

Women: in animal protection movement, 8 -9, 15 , 16 -19, 139 n1;

dames patronesses,9 , 139 n1;

"green disease," 95 ;

little dogs of wealthy, 3 , 41 ;

progress working through, 120 ;

in public sphere, 18 -19, 143 n50;

qualities of vulnerability and sensitivity, 19 ;

Robert's categories of, 82 . See also Feminization;

Prostitution

Wood, J. G., 60 -61

Working classes., animal protection movement and, 6 , 7 , 8 , 12 -14, 21 ;

bourgeois opposed to, 138 ;

cats and, 123 ;

dogs of, 2 , 42 , 52 , 53,133 ;

masculine violence of, 21 ;

and rabies, 111 , 112

Y

Yvelin, Cleyre, 18 -19

Z

Zaborowski-Moindron, Sigismond, 65

Zeldin, Theodore, 18 , 130

Zola, Emile, 38 ;

La Curée,146 n41, 151 n29;

Pinpin (dog) of, 32 , 74 ;

Thérèse Raquin,123 , 165 n26

Zoologie passionnelle (Toussenel), 119 -21, 164 n13

Zoophilie ou sympathie envers les animaux (Lautard), 118


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