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233

Selected Bibliography

Ancient Sources

For consistency and ease of access, I have used J.P. Migne's Patrologia Latina (hereafter PL ) for the citations of ancient texts. In some cases I have also listed critical editions found in the Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum (CSEL ), Sources chrétiennes (SC ), or elsewhere. English translations (hereafter ET) have been cited when available in the Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers series (hereafter NPNF) or elsewhere; all translations that appear in the course of this study are, however, my own.

Acta Concilii Caesaraugustani. PL 84 (1850), 315-18. Critical ed.: Felix Rodríguez, "Concilio I de Zaragoza: Texto crítico," in Primero Concilio Caesaraugustano: MDC aniversario , 9-25. Zaragoza, 1981.

Acta Concilii Toletani I. PL 84 (1850), 327-34. Critical ed. of Exemplar professionum habitarum in concilio Toletano contra sectam Priscilliani aera ccccxxxvii in Henry Chadwick, Priscillian of Avila: The Occult and the Charismatic in the Early Church , 234-39. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1976.

Ambrose. De fide. PL 16 (1845), 523-698. Critical ed: O. Faller, CSEL 78 (1962). ET: H. De Romestin, NPNF, ser. 2, vol. 10 (1896), pp. 199-314.

Ambrose. De spiritu sancto. PL 16 (1845), 697-816. Critical ed.: O. Faller, CSEL 79 (1964). ET: H. De Romestin, NPNF, ser. 2, vol. 10 (1896), pp. 91-158.

Ambrose. Epistulae. PL 16 (1845), 875-1286. Critical ed.: O. Faller and M. Zelzer, CSEL 82, pts. 1-3 (1968-90). ET: M. M. Beyenka, Saint Ambrose: Letters . Fathers of the Church 26. New York: Fathers of the Church, 1954. Note that I have followed the PL 's traditional Maurist enumeration of Ambrose's letters.


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Augustine. Ad Consentium contra mendacium. PL 40 (1845), 517-48. ET: H. Browne, NPNF, ser. 1, vol. 3 (1887), pp. 481-500.

Augustine. Ad Orosium contra Priscillianistas et Origenistas. PL 42 (1845), 669-78.

Augustine. De haeresibus 70. PL 42 (1845), 44.

Ausonius. Commemoratio professorum Burdigalensium V: Attius Tiro Delphidus, rhetor. PL 19 (1846), 853. ET: H. G. Evelyn White, Ausonius , 1: 105-7. Loeb Classical Library. London: W. Heinemann, 1919.

Ausonius. Epistulae. PL 19 (1846), 927-35. ET: H. G. Evelyn White, Ausonius , 2: 81-119. Loeb Classical Library. London: W. Heinemann, 1919. Note that I have followed White's numbering of Austonius' letters, which diverges from that used in PL .

Austonius. Parentalia 30. PL 19 (1846), 850. ET: H. G. Evelyn White, Austonius , 1: 95. Loeb Classical Library. London: W. Heinemann, 1919.

Collectio Avellana. CSEL 35 (1895).

Consentius. Epistulae 11*, 12* Ad Augustinum. CSEL 88 (1981), 51-70, 70-80.

Filastrius. Diversarum hereseon liber 61, 84. PL 12 (1845), 1175-76, 1196-97.

Hydatius. Chronicon. PL 51 (1846), 870-890. Critical ed.: Alain Tranoy, Hydace: Chronique. SC 218-19. Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 1974.

Jerome. Commentarii in Isaiam 17.64. PL 24 (1845), 622-23.

Jerome. Commentarius in Amos 1.3. PL 25 (1845), 1018.

Jerome. Contra Vigilantium. PL 23 (1845), 353-68. ET: W.H. Fremantle, NPNF, ser. 2, vol. 6 (1893), pp. 417-23.

Jerome. De viris inlustribus 121-23. PL 23 (1845), 750-51. ET: E. C. Richardson, NPNF, ser. 2, vol. 3 (1892), p. 383.

Jerome. Epistulae. PL 22 (1845), 235-1182. ET: W.H. Fremantle, NPNF, ser. 2, vol. 6 (1893), pp. 1-295.

Jerome. Praefatio in Pentateuchum. PL 28 (1845), 147-52.

Magnus Maximus. Epistula ad Siricium papam. PL 13 (1845), 589-92.

Orosius. Commonitorium de errore Priscillianistarum et Origenistarum. CSEL 18 (1889), 149-57. PL 31 (1846), 1211-16.

Pacatus. Panegyricus Theodosio Augusto Dictus. PL 13 (1845), 477-522. ET: C. E. V. Nixon, Pacatus: Panegyric to the Emperor Theodosius . Liverpool University Press, 1987.

Paulinus. Epistolae. PL 61 (1847), 153-420. ET: P. G. Walsh, Letters of St. Paulinus of Nola . Ancient Christian Writers 35-36. London: Longman's, Green, 1966.

Priscillian. Canones Epistularum Pauli Apostoli. CSEL 18 (1889), 107-47. PL suppl. 2B (1961), 1391-1413.

Priscillian. Tractatus 1-11. CSEL 18 (1889), 1-106. PL suppl. 2B (1961), 1413-83.

Prosper Aquitanus. Chronicon. PL 51 (1846), 535-606. Critical ed.: Theodore Mommsen, Chronica Minora Saec. IV. V. VI. VII , 1: 341-449. Berlin: Weidmann, 1892.

Sulpicius Severus. Chronicorum libri duo. PL 20 (1845), 95-160. ET: A. Roberts. NPNF, vol. 11 (1894), pp. 71-122.


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Sulpicius Severus. Dialogi. PL 20 (1845), 183-222. ET: A. Roberts, NPNF, ser. 2, vol. 11 (1894), pp. 24-54.

Sulpicius Severus. Epistulae 1-3. PL 20 (1845), 175-84. ET: A. Roberts, NPNF, ser. 2, vol. 11 (1894), pp. 18-23.

Sulpicius Severus. Vita Martini. PL 20 (1845), 159-76. Critical ed.: Jacques Fontaine. Sulpice Sévère: Vie de Saint Martin. SC 133-35. Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 1967-69. ET: A. Roberts, NPNF, ser. 2, vol. 11 (1894), pp. 3-17.

Modern Studies

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Babut, E.-Ch. Priscillien et le priscillianisme. Paris: Librairie Honoré Champion, 1909.

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Bardy, Gustave. "Pèlerinages à Rome vers la fin du IVe siècle." Analecta Bollandiana 67 (1949): 224-35.

Bardy, Gustave. "Priscillien." Dictionaire de théologie catholique 13.1 (1950): 391-400.

Bardy, Gustave. "Vigilantius." Dictionaire de théologie catholique 15.2 (1950): 2992-94.

Benn, S. I., and Gauss, G. F. Public and Private in Social Life. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1983.

Ben Yehuda, Nachman. Deviance and Moral Boundaries. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985.

Birley, A. R. "Magnus Maximus and the Persecution of Heresy." Bulletin of the John Rylands University Library 66 (1983-84): 13-43.

Blazquez Martínez, J. M. "Prisciliano: Estado de la cuestion." In Prisciliano y el Priscilianismo , 47-52. Oviedo: Cuadernos del norte, 1982.

Blazquez Martínez, J. M. "Prisciliano, introductor del ascetismo en Gallaecia." In Primera reunión gallega de estudios clásicos , 210-36. Santiago de Compostela: Secretariado de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Santiago, 1981.

Blazquez Martínez, "Prisciliano, introductor del ascetismo en Hispania." In Primero Concilio Caesaraugustano: MDC aniversario , 65-121. Zaragoza, 1981.

Booth, A. D. "Notes on Ausonius' Professores." Phoenix 32 (1978): 235-49.

Botte, D. B., O.S.B. "Confessor." Archivum Latinitatis Medii Aevi 16 (1942) 137-48.

Brown, Peter. "Aspects of the Christianization of the Roman Aristocracy." Journal of Roman Studies 51 (1961): 1-11.

Brown, Peter. The Body and Society: Men, Women, and Sexual Renunciation in Early Christianity. New York: Columbia University Press, 1988.

Brown, Peter. "Pelagius and His Supporters: Aims and Environment." Journal of Theological Studies , n.s., 19 (1968): 93-114.

Brown, Peter. Power and Persuasion in Late Antiquity: Towards a Christian Empire. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1992.


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Brown, Peter. "Sorcery, Demons, and the Rise of Christianity from Late Antiquity into the Middle Ages." In Witchcraft Confessions and Accusations , ed. Mary Douglas, 17-45. London: Tavistock Publications, 1970.

Burrus, Virginia. "Ascesis, Authority, and Text: The Acts of the Council of Saragossa." Semeia 58 (1992): 95-108.

Burrus, Virginia. "Canonical References to Extra-Canonical 'Texts': Priscillian's Defense of the Apocrypha." Society of Biblical Literature Seminar Papers , 1990: 60-67.

Burrus, Virginia. "The Heretical Woman as Symbol in Alexander, Athanasius, Epiphanius, and Jerome." Harvard Theological Review 84 (1991): 229-48.

Castelli, Elizabeth. "Virginity and Its Meaning for Women's Sexuality in Early Christianity." Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion 2 (1986): 61-88.

Cavallera, Ferdinand. "Galla non gente sed nomine." Bulletin de littérature ecclesiastique 38 (1937): 186-90.

Cavallera, Ferdinand. Saint Jérôme: Sa vie et son oeuvre. Louvain: "Specilegium Sacrum Lovaniense" Bureaux, 1922.

Chadwick, Henry. "The New Letters of St. Augustine." Journal of Theological Studies , n.s., 34 (1983): 425-52.

Chadwick, Henry. "Priscillien." Dictionaire de spiritualité 12.2 (1986): 2353-69.

Chadwick, Henry. Priscillian of Avila: The Occult and the Charismatic in the Early Church. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1976.

Clark, Elizabeth A. Ascetic Piety and Women's Faith: Essays on Late Ancient Christianity. Lewiston, N.Y.: Edwin Mellen Press, 1986.

Clark, Elizabeth A. Jerome, Chrysostom, and Friends: Essays and Translations. Lewiston, N.Y.: Edwin Mellen Press, 1979.

Clark, Elizabeth A. The Origenist Controversy: The Cultural Construction of an Early Christian Debate. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992.

Cooper, Kate. "Insinuations of Womanly Influence: An Aspect of the Christianization of the Roman Aristocracy." Journal of Roman Studies 82 (1992): 150-64.

D'Alès, Adhémar, S.J. Priscillien et l'Espagne chrétienne à la fin du IVe siècle. Paris: Gabriel Beauchesne et ses Fils, 1936.

De Clercq, V. C. "Ossius of Cordova and the Origins of Priscillianism." Studia Patristica 1 (1957): 601-6.

Delmaire, Roland. "Contribution des nouvelles lettres de saint Augustin à la prosopographie du Bas-Empire Romain (PLRE )." In Les Lettres de saint Augustin découvertes par Johannes Divjak , pp. 83-86. Paris: Études augustiniennes, 1983.

Díaz y Díaz, Manuel C. "A propósito del Concilio de Zaragoza de 380 y su canon VI." In Primero Concilio Caesaraugustano: MDC aniversario , 225-35. Zaragoza, 1981.

Díaz y Díaz, Manuel C. "Consencio y los priscilianistas." In Prisciliano y el Priscilianismo , 71-76. Oviedo: Cuadernos del norte, 1982.

Díaz y Díaz, Manuel C. "L'Expansion du christianisme et les tensions épiscopales dans la Péninsule ibérique." Miscellanea Historiae Ecclesiasticae 6, Congrès de Varsovie 1 (1983): 84-94.


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D'Izarnay, Raymond. "Marriage et consécration virginale au IVe siècle." Vie spirituelle , suppl. 24 (1953): 92-118.

Dudden, F. Homes. The Life and Times of St. Ambrose. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1935.

Duval, Yves-Marie. "Pélage est-il le censeur inconnu de l'Adversus Iovinianum a Rome en 393? ou: Du 'Portrait-Robot' de l'hérétique chez s. Jérôme." Revue d'histoire ecclésiastique 75 (1980): 524-57.

Elshtain, Jean Bethke. Public Man, Private Woman: Women in Social and Political Thought. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1981.

Escribano Paño, María Victoria. "Sobre la pretendida condena nominal dictada por el Concilio de Caesaraugusta del año 380." In Primero Concilio Caesaraugustano: MDC aniversario , 123-33. Zaragoza, 1981.

Faivre, Alexandre. Naissance d'une hiérarchie: Les Premières Étapes du cursus clérical. Paris: Éditions Beauchesne, 1977.

Fatas, Guillermo. "Caesaraugusta christiana." In Primero Concilio Caesaraugustano: MDC aniversario , 135-60. Zaragoza, 1981.

Ferreiro, Alberto. "Sexual Depravity, Doctrinal Error, and Character Assassination in the Fourth Century: Jerome against the Priscillianists." Studia Patristica 28 (1993): 29-38.

Fontaine, Jacques. "L'Affaire Priscillien ou l'ère des nouveaux Catilina: Observations sur le 'sallustianisme' de Sulpice Sévère." In Classica et Iberica: A Festschrift in Honor of the Rev. Joseph M.-F. Marique, S.J. , ed. P.T. Brannan, S.J., 355-92. Worcester, Mass.: Institute for Early Christian Iberian Studies, 1975.

Fontaine, Jacques. "El ascetismo, ¿manzana de discordia entre latifundistas y obispos en la Tarraconense?" In Primero Concilio Caesaraugustano: MDC aniversario , 201-6. Zaragoza, 1981.

Fontaine, Jacques. "Panorama espiritual del occidente peninsular en los siglos IV° y V° Por una nueva problemática del priscilianismo." In Primera reunión gallega de estudios clásicos , 185-209. Santiago de Compostela: Secretariado de publicationes de la Universidad de Santiago, 1981.

Fontaine, Jacques. "Société et culture chrétiennes sur l'aire circumpyrénéenne au siècle de Théodose." Bulletin de littérature ecclésiastique 75 (1974): 241-82.

Fontaine, Jacques. "Valeurs antiques et valeurs chrétiennes dans la spiritualité des grands propriétaires terriens à la fin du IVe siècle occidental." In Epektasis: Mélanges patristiques offerts au Cardinal Jean Daniélou , ed. J. Fontaine and Ch. Kannengiesser, 571-95. Beauchesne, 1972.

Frend, W. H. C. "The Divjak Letters: New Light on St. Augustine's Problems, 416-428." Journal of Ecclesiastical History 34 (1983): 497-512.

Funke, Hermann. "Majestäts- und Magieprozesse bei Ammianus Marcellinus." Jahrbuch für Antike und Christentum 10 (1967): 145-75.

García Iglesias, Luis. "Sobre el canon IV del Primer Concilio de Zaragoza." In Primero Concilio Caesaraugustano: MDC aniversario , 189-99. Zaragoza, 1981.

García Moreno, Luis A. "España e el imperio en epoca teodosiana." In Primero Concilio Caesaraugustano: MDC aniversario , 27-63. Zaragoza, 1981.


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Gaudemet, Jean. L'Église dans l'Empire Romain (ive -ve siècles). Paris: Sirey, 1955.

Girardet, Klaus. "Trier 385: Der Prozess gegen die Priscillianer." Chiron 4 (1974): 577-608.

Gonzáles Blanco, Antonino. "El canon 7 del Concilio de Zaragoza (380) y sus implicationes sociales." In Primero Concilio Caesaraugustano: MDC aniversario , 237-53. Zaragoza, 1981.

Goosen, A. B. J. M. "Algunas observaciones sobre la neumatologia de Prisciliano." In Primera reunión gallega de estudios clásicos , 237-42. Santiago de Compostela: Secretariado de Publicationes de la Universidad de Santiago, 1981.

Gottlieb, Gunther. Ambrosius von Mailand und Kaiser Gratian. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1973.

Green, R. P. H. "Prosopographical Notes on the Family and Friends of Ausonius." Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies 25 (1978): 19-27.

Greffe, Marie Odile. "Etude sur le canon II du premier Concile." In Primero Concilio Caesaraugustano: MDC aniversario , 161-75. Zaragoza, 1981.

Gryson, Roger. "Dix ans de recherches sur les origines du célibat ecclésiastique." Revue theologique de Louvain 11 (1980): 157-85.

Gryson, Roger. Les Origines du célibat ecclésiastique du premier au septième siècle. Gembloux: Éditions J. Duculot, 1970.

Hanson, R. P. C. The Search for the Christian Doctrine of God: The Arian Controversy, 318-381. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1988.

Hess, Hamilton. The Canons of the Council of Sardica, A.D. 343. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1958.

Hickey, Anne Ewing. Women of the Roman Aristocracy as Christian Monastics. Ann Arbor, Mich.: UMI Research Press, 1987.

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Hilgenfeld, A. "Priscillianus und seine neuentdeckten Schriften," Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Theologie 35 (1892): 1-85.

Hoepffner, André. "Les Deux Procès du Pape Damase." Revue des études anciennes 50 (1948): 288-304.

Hopkins, M. K. "Social Mobility in the Later Roman Empire: The Evidence of Ausonius." Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies, University of London 25 (1978): 19-27.

Hunter, David G. "Ambrosiaster, Astral Fatalism and the Prehistory of the Pelagian Controversy." Paper delivered to the North American Patristics Society, Chicago, 1990.

Hunter, David G. "On the Sin of Adam and Eve: A Little-Known Defense of Marriage and Childbearing by Ambrosiaster." Harvard Theological Review 82 (1989): 283-99.

Hunter, David G. "The Paradise of Patriarchy: Ambrosiaster on Woman as (Not) God's Image." Journal of Theological Studies , n.s., 43 (1992): 447-69.

Hunter, David G. "Resistance to the Virginal Ideal in Late-Fourth-Century Rome: The Case of Jovinian." Theological Studies 48 (1987): 45-64.


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Jones, A. H. M. The Later Roman Empire: A Social, Economic, and Administrative Survey , 284-602. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1964.

Kelly, J. N. D. Jerome: His Life, Writings, and Controversies. London: Duckworth, 1975.

Krautheimer, Richard. Three Christian Capitals: Topography and Politics. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1983.

La Bonnardière, Anne-Marie. "Du nouveau sur le priscillianisme (Epist. 11*)." In Les Lettres de saint Augustin découvertes par Johannes Divjak , 205-14. Paris: Études augustiniennes, 1983.

Laeuchli, Samuel. Power and Sexuality: The Emergency of Canon Law at the Synod of Elvira. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1972.

Le Boulluec, Alain. La Notion d'hérésie dans la littérature grecque IIe -IIIe siècles. Paris: Études augustiniennes, 1985.

Lienhard, Joseph T. Paulinus of Nola and Early Western Monasticism. Cologne: Peter Hanstein Verlag, 1977.

Lieu, Samuel N. C. Manichaeism in the Later Roman Empire and Medieval China: A Historical Survey. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1985.

Linaje, Antonio. "Prisciliano y los orígenes monásticos hispanos." In Prisciliano y el Priscilianismo , 88-99. Oviedo: Cuadernos del norte, 1982.

Lippold, Adolf. "Ursinus und Damasus." Historia 14 (1965): 105-28.

Lopez Pereira, José E. "Prisciliano de Avila y el Priscilianismo desde el siglo IV a nuestros días: Rutas bibliográficas." Cuadernos Abulenses 3 (1985): 13-77.

Lorenz, Rudolf. "Die Anfänge des abendländischen Mönchtums im 4. Jahrhundert." Zeitschrift für Kirchengeschichte 77 (1966): 1-61.

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Maier, Harry O. "The Topography of Heresy and Dissent in Late-Fourth-Century Rome." Historia. Forthcoming.

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Markus, Robert. "The Problem of Self-Definition: From Sect to Church." In Jewish and Christian Self-Definition , ed. E. P. Sanders, 1: 1-15. London: SCM Press, 1980.

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Martínez Díez, Gonzalo. La colección canónica hispana. Madrid, 1966.

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Matthews, John. Western Aristocracies and the Imperial Court, A.D. 364-425. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1975.

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Sotomayor, Manuel. "Sobre el canon VIII del Concilio de Zaragoza del 380." In Primero Concilio Caesaraugustano: MDC aniversario , 255-71. Zaragoza, 1981.

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