Merchants and Reform in Livorno 1814–1868

  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

  INTRODUCTION

 collapse sectionPART ONE  THE ECONOMIC BACKGROUND
 expand sectionChapter One  Patterns in Livorno's Commerce

 collapse sectionPART TWO  THE MERCHANT COMMUNITY
 expand sectionChapter Two  The Merchant Community: Social Structure, Economic Values, Institutions

 collapse sectionPART THREE  TOWARD REFORM—THE ECONOMIC RESPONSE OF THE MERCHANT COMMUNITY
 Chapter Three  Tariffs and Port Charges
 Chapter Four  Elimination of Abuses: Formation of New Institutions

 collapse sectionPART FOUR  REFORM CONTINUED—THE SOCIAL RESPONCE OF THE MERCHANT COMMUNITY
 Chapter Five  Social Attitudes and Voluntary Associations
 Chapter Six  Merchants and Porters
 Chapter Seven  Pressure from Below

 collapse sectionPART FIVE  REFORM STALLED
 Chapter Eight  1848: The Trauma of Merchant Benevolence

 collapse sectionPART SIX  REFORM REJECTED
 Chapter Nine  The End of Reform
 Chapter Ten  Conclusion: Livorno and the Risorgimento

  APPENDIX  BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF SOME INDIVIDUALS MENTIONED IN THE TEXT
 expand sectionNotes
 expand sectionBIBLIOGRAPHY
 expand sectionINDEX

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