Every human endeavor is an endeavor of many human beings. A person cannot become an author without other people raising, inspiring, encouraging, educating, training, advising, and assisting that person; similarly, a person’s writing cannot be made into a book without other people expanding, cajoling, massaging, correcting, cutting, prodding, and nudging that writing.
Ann Le Bar, companion and historian, helped me in innumerable ways at every stage in the creation of every part of this book.
Helen Low Metzner and Charles Metzner, my parents, began my instruction in critical thinking and enabled me to pursue my scholarly interest to this distant conclusion.
Stephen Cuffel, Joy Markham, and Ken Wong, friends and originals, gave me inspiration over a long period of time.
John Toews, Scott Lytle, and George Behlmer, professors of history, contributed greatly to whatever virtues I can claim as a historian.
Mark Scholz, friend and historian, assisted me considerably at a late stage in the composition of this book.
Alice Loranth and her staff, led by Motoko Reece, at the Fine Arts and Special Collections Department of the Cleveland Public Library, went out of their way to aid me in my research. Many of the librarians and other staff persons I had contact with at the Library of Congress aided me generously; I would like to mention by name Joan Higbee of the Rare Book and Special Collections Division and Charles Sens of the Performing Arts Division. Leslie Overstreet of the Smithsonian Institution Libraries and Meta Lytle also gave me extra aid with research materials.
The University of Washington Graduate School provided me with a Western European Studies Fellowship that facilitated my spending a full year in Paris conducting research.
I thank these individuals and organizations and all the other relatives, friends, educators, historians, librarians, and organizations who contributed to this book for their help. And I hope that I have helped others in their endeavors as much as they have helped me in mine.