To my professors in the History of Ideas Department at Brandeis University—Gerald Izenberg, George Armstrong Kelly, Alasdair MacIntyre, Heinz Lubasz, Kurt Wolff, and Mark Hulliung—thanks are due for providing the interdisciplinary framework and intellectual stimulation that allowed an earlier version of this essay to be written as a dissertation. That this department no longer exists is symptomatic of the mean spirit and narrow professionalism of the modern academy in America.
To my friends Jay Eisenberg, Peter Levin, Anne McCammon, Andrew McCammon, Phil Harris, Darrell Hawthorne, and particularly to my special friend Sarah Minden, thanks are due for tolerating my immersion in philosophy, and for discussing ideas, even when their intelligibility seemed questionable.
To my farflung colleagues William Galston, Cyril Levitt, Stan Spyros Draenos, Brian Milton, Bruce Miroff, Paul Breines, James Schmidt, Russell Jacoby, and especially Langdon Winner, thanks are due for giving generously of their time, sympathy, and critical acumen.
To Gary Kline, thanks are due for helping prepare the index.
And, finally, to Lee C. McDonald of Pomona College, a true mentor and a fine person, special thanks are due—for introducing me to politics and philosophy, and for enabling me to exercise the freedom to think.