I would like to express my thanks to Professors Catherine Chvany, Kathryn Crecelius, and Robert E. Jones of MIT, Professor Heidi Thomann Tewarson of Columbia University, and to Judith Dollenmayer, who read parts of the manuscript and made good suggestions for its improvement. I also honor the memory of Professor Krystyna Pomorska, whose interest in Futurism was a source of inspiration. A special debt of gratitude is owed to Professor Heinz D. Osterle of Northern Illinois University for two thorough, critical, and immensely helpful readings of the entire manuscript.
A fellowship from the Old Dominion Foundation gave me some precious time to begin work on Döblin.
Parts of the book have appeared in different form in The German Quarterly, The Germanic Review, and the Jahrbuch für Internationale Germanistik .
Finally, this book would not have been possible without the constant encouragement and infinite patience of my wife, Linda Pape.